Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva listed 2 legal oxygen boosters on Olympic forms

Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva listed two legal substances used to improve heart function on an anti-doping control form she filled out before her drug case at the Olympics erupted, according to documents submitted in her case.

15-year-old leads after women's short program in Beijing

Kamila Valieva, of the Russian Olympic Committee, competes in the women's figure skating short program at the 2022 Winter Olympics on Tuesday. (David J. Phillip/The Associated Press)

Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva listed two legal substances used to improve heart function on an anti-doping control form she filled out before her drug case at the Olympics erupted, according to documents submitted in her case.

The World Anti-Doping Agency filed a brief in the Valieva case stating that the existence of L-carnitine and Hypoxen, though both legal, undercuts the argument that a banned substance, trimetazidine, might have entered the skater's system accidentally.

Hypoxen, a drug designed to increase oxygen flow to the heart, was a substance the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency recently tried, without success, to get placed on the banned list. L-carnitine, another oxygen-boosting performance enhancer, is banned if injected above certain thresholds. The supplement was the focal point of the doping case involving track coach Alberto Salazar.

Combining those with 2.1 nanograms of trimetazidine, the drug found in Valieva's system after a Dec. 25 test, is "an indication that something more serious is going on," USADA CEO Travis Tygart said.

Two people with knowledge of the case told The Associated Press that a brief seen by AP that was filed by the World Anti-Doping Agency in a hearing on Valieva's case was authentic. The people spoke on condition of anonymity because the document was not publicly available. WADA would not comment on the brief.

Valieva's mother argued that the skater's grandfather was a regular user of trimetazidine, which would explain how it got into her system.

WATCH | Despite doping drama, Kamila Valieva leads short program:

Despite doping drama, Kamila Valieva's in the lead

6 months ago
Duration 11:23
Despite the tornado going on around her, R.O.C. skater Kamila Valieva sits first after the short. Her teammate and reigning world champion is sitting in second and Kaori Sakatamoto from Japan is in third and could break a Russian sweep of the podium. Presented by Ozempic.

WADA said while that explanation involves "some form of exposure" to trimetazidine, it is not an argument that she had taken a "contaminated product," which can be used as a defence. WADA said there was no attempt to argue that the legal substances Valieva listed were contaminated, either, so "the athlete necessarily cannot meet the criteria to have her" suspension lifted.

Valieva's positive test came to light after she had led the Russians to a gold medal in the team skating event last week. Russia's anti-doping agency at first suspended her, then lifted the suspension. That led WADA and the IOC to appeal to CAS, which determined Valieva could skate in the women's event, which began Tuesday.

Because she is 15, she is considered a "protected person" under anti-doping rules and could escape major sanctions. Her coaches and other members of her entourage are subject to automatic investigation and bigger penalties.

The larger case involving the positive test, and resolving whether Russia will get its gold medal, will be decided later. In the meantime, the IOC has said there will be no medals ceremony for events in which Valieva makes the podium. She's a favourite for gold, and was leading after the short program Tuesday.

WATCH | Valieva to compete, but Olympic medal ceremony delayed:

Russia's Kamila Valieva to compete, but Olympic medal ceremony delayed

6 months ago
Duration 2:45
Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva to compete in the single’s competition at Beijing 2022, but the flower and medal ceremonies would be postponed if she lands in the top three. The latest Russian doping scandal has some questioning whether it's time for the country to be kept out of an Olympics or two.

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