Summer Sports

Russia at Tokyo Olympics with new name, confusing patchwork of dos and don'ts

Russia is competing under another new name at the Tokyo Olympics, the latest fallout from the Games' longest-running doping saga.

Doping cases old and new still cast a shadow over team

Members of the Russian National Olympic Team attend a traditional religious service at the Christ the Saviour Cathedral in Moscow on the eve of Russia's Olympic team departure for the Tokyo Olympics. (Natalia Kolesnikova/AFP via Getty Images)

Russia is competing under another new name at the Tokyo Olympics, the latest fallout from the Games' longest-running doping saga.

You won't see the Russian flag above any podiums but the national colours are on the uniforms.

Doping cases old and new still cast a shadow over the team after two rowers tested positive last month.

This time it's not Russia, or even the Olympic Athletes from Russia. It's the Russian Olympic Committee.

Officially the athletes will represent not their country, but the ROC, and Russia's name, flag and anthem are banned. Critics point out that it will be hard to spot the difference when Russian teams are wearing full national colours.

The new rules — an evolution of the "OAR" restrictions used at the 2018 Winter Olympics — are a confusing patchwork of dos and don'ts.

WATCH | 5 things that will make these Olympics very different:

5 things that will make these Olympics very different

5 months ago
Between athletes awarding themselves medals and being able to protest, get ready for a Games like no other. 2:36

Russian red, white and blue on uniforms are fine — the blocks of colour on the official tracksuits form one big flag — but not the word "Russia," the flag itself or other national symbols. The artistic swimming team said it's been blocked from wearing costumes with a drawing of a bear.

Official Olympic paperwork and TV graphics will attribute Russian results to "ROC" but won't spell out the Russian Olympic Committee's name in full. Gold medallists will get music by Russian composer Tchaikovsky instead of the country's national anthem.

Nearly at full strength

Despite the name change, Russia will have a nearly full team at the Olympics after sending depleted squads to the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics and the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Games.

This time, only track and field and weightlifting will impose limits on Russian squad size. They are the two sports with the largest numbers of doping cases — from Russia and elsewhere — in recent Olympics. Russian officials have selected a 10-person track team that includes three world champions.

Russia is sending more than 330 athletes to Tokyo, with the exact number still unclear because of uncertainty surrounding the rowing team. That's about 50 more than in 2016, when the doping-related restrictions hit harder across multiple sports, but still the second-lowest number since the Soviet Union broke up in 1991. The team ranges from 16-year-old gymnast Viktoria Listunova to 56-year-old dressage rider Inessa Merkulova.

WATCH | COVID-19 restrictions tighten ahead of Tokyo Olympics:

COVID-19 restrictions tighten ahead of Tokyo Olympics

5 months ago
A spike in COVID-19 cases has further limited the excitement in Tokyo around the Olympics and led to even more restrictions around the Games. 3:43

The ROC team is targeted to finish third in the medal count and gold medals are expected in Russia's usual strongest sports like gymnastics, artistic swimming, wrestling, fencing and judo.

Only Russian athletes in track and field have had to undergo special vetting of their drug-testing histories or possible involvement in past coverups. World Athletics has its own sanctions against Russia, including an "authorized neutral athlete" certification program. Only athletes with that status were eligible for Tokyo.

Weightlifting has its own system of doping sanctions, restricting team sizes based on past misdeeds. Russia can enter one male and one female lifter for Tokyo, but avoids the outright bans from Olympic weightlifting imposed on the most persistent offenders like Thailand and Romania.

Doping disputes 

The latest rules on Russia's name and image were set last year by the Court of Arbitration for Sport in a ruling that satisfied almost nobody.

As so often with Russia, the sanctions aren't as much about doping as about the coverup.

Just when Russia was patching up relations with the World Anti-Doping Agency in 2019 by allowing it access to the Moscow anti-doping lab's files, WADA investigators spotted strange anomalies in the data. Evidence had been deleted and spurious information added, including fake messages designed to tarnish the name of WADA's star witness, former lab director Grigory Rodchenkov.

WADA said the edits were made while the lab was sealed off by a Russian law enforcement body. Russia denied wrongdoing.

The CAS ruling was hailed as a partial victory in Russia, which had its initial four-year sanction cut to two. It was criticized by some anti-doping figures who wanted neutral-colour uniforms at the Olympics and stricter vetting to ensure doping suspects couldn't compete.

CAS clears 2 Russian swimmers to compete 

Russia was back to court ahead of the Tokyo Olympics, but on a smaller scale than its big legal battles from 2016 and 2018.

Two Russian swimmers who were provisionally suspended by FINA for doping violations have been cleared to compete in the Tokyo Olympics.

The world governing body had taken action recently against Alexandr Kudashev and Veronika Andrusenko because of evidence from the World Anti-Doping Agency's investigation of the former Moscow anti-doping lab's data. But the Court of Arbitration for Sport on Sunday cleared both swimmers, according to FINA.

Veronika Andrusenko, above and Alexandr Kudashev, unseen, had been both provisionally suspended by FINA for doping violations but have subsequently been cleared to compete in the Tokyo Olympics. (Oliver Hardt/Getty Images)

Evidence packages had not previously been provided against the swimmers when WADA prosecuted the strongest cases resulting from its probe into doping in Russia, but WADA brought the information to FINA's attention, the swimming body said.

"We were duty-bound to follow up quickly and carefully on the material provided," new FINA president Husain Al-Musallam said in a statement. "We will both respect and implement CAS's decision."

Kudashev and Andrusenko will swim for the Russian Olympic Committee. Russia is barred from competing as a country in Tokyo because of ongoing doping issues found by WADA.

Andrusenko will be competing in her third Olympics. Kudashev will swim in his first Games.

Last week, Russia cut two rowers from its Tokyo squad after revealing they both tested positive for the banned substance meldonium in June. That prompted Russia to withdraw from the men's quadruple sculls competition when it became clear a substitute boat was not competitive.

Add some “good” to your morning and evening.

A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you.

Sign up now


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?