CFL already facing competition from nascent Alliance of American Football
New league's higher salaries could attract players
The Alliance of American Football (AAF) doesn't begin play until February, but Marcel Desjardins already has been impacted by the new league.
"We had a guy here in training camp who was injured and went back home to get healthy again," the Ottawa Redblacks general manager said. "We were hoping he'd be an option for us to bring him back at some point but he opted to sign down there instead.
"There are players we would've liked to sign or had on our [negotiating] list who've committed there so they've been removed as options for us for the next little while. But having said that, we also know there's a plethora of options and we just need to move on to the next one."
Desjardins isn't alone in having his job affected by the latest pro football league to try to make a go of it.
Earlier this summer, Hamilton head coach June Jones said his club was poised to add two quarterbacks after dealing Johnny Manziel to Montreal but both opted for the AAF. And last week, receiver Mark Chapman, the first overall pick in the 2018 CFL draft by the Tiger-Cats, signed with the AAF's Salt Lake City franchise rather than accept Hamilton's offer after being released by the NFL's Denver Broncos.
Network TV deal
The AAF was founded by TV/film producer Charlie Ebersol and Pro Football Hall of Famer Bill Polian, the former Buffalo, Carolina and Indianapolis GM who was also a CFL scout (Montreal) and player-personnel director (Winnipeg) and won Grey Cups with both teams. The league begins its 10-game regular season Feb. 9, 2019 and concludes with its championship contest in late April.
The AAF has franchises in Phoenix, Salt Lake, San Diego, San Antonio, Memphis, Orlando, Atlanta and Birmingham. It also has a TV deal with CBS, which will carry opening-night action and the championship game on its main network and weekly contests on CBS Sports Network.
AAF games won't feature kickoffs as teams will begin on their own 25-yard line. And there'll be no extra points, just two-point converts.
The standard AAF player contract covers three years and $250,000 US — $70,000, $80,000 and $100,000 in base salaries over the deal. Players can earn more with bonuses.
"If [players are making $70,000 US the first year there and our minimum is $54,000 Canadian, just competing with it on that level is the first problem," Desjardins said. "The second is a lot of guys who want to stay home in the U.S. compared to coming up north.
"They're also playing 10 games ... so, yeah, I see it being a challenge. We'll find options. Will they be as good? I guess time will tell."
Six AAF head coaches — Mike Martz (San Diego), Steve Spurrier (Orlando), Brad Childress (Atlanta), Mike Riley (San Antonio), Dennis Erickson (Salt Lake) and Mike Singletary (Memphis) — have also been NFL head coaches. Riley spent four seasons as the Winnipeg Blue Bombers head coach (1987-1990), winning two Grey Cups and compiling a 40-32 record.
Former Dallas Cowboys fullback Darryl Johnston is San Antonio's GM while Phil Savage, the former Senior Bowl director and Cleveland Browns GM, is Phoenix's general manager.
Former CFL head coach/GM Jim Barker feels the AAF's NFL influence is no accident.
"I think the end plan is to have the NFL purchase this league," he said. "Bill Polian is thinking about creating a league ... getting it running and going and then 'Boom,' have the NFL buy it and they have a ready-made feeder system where they can get their [practice roster] players reps and most importantly develop quarterbacks.
"I can't believe their TV ratings and attendance will be able to carry them. Now, whether the NFL will bite on that after all the money it lost with NFL Europe, I don't know."
In 2007, the NFL pulled the plug on NFL Europe — which began as the World League of American Football — after 16 years. The developmental league reportedly lost $30 million annually. Several other American-based pro leagues have come and gone over the years.
Big-name free agents
AAF teams will have to wait for current CFL talent, however. Players in Canada don't become free agents until mid-February, which is after the upstart league begins play. Another factor is the CFL's labour uncertainty as the league's collective bargaining agreement expires May 15, 2019.
Formal talks between the CFL and CFL Players' Association will begin after the 2018 season. But the two sides are already at odds with the CFL's directive that teams cease paying off-season player bonuses until a new CBA is signed.
Many players receive upfront money, in the form of either a signing or roster bonus, as part of their deals. They can sign CFL contracts this off-season but won't receive any bonuses until a new CBA is ratified.
Some of the league's biggest names are scheduled to become free agents this off-season, including quarterbacks Mike Reilly of Edmonton, Calgary's Bo Levi Mitchell and Saskatchewan's Zach Collaros. The bonus moratorium and an uncertain '19 salary cap are two challenges facing CFL GMs and player agents.
"I think the American player down south who doesn't know much about the CFL, the kid just coming out of school, I don't think that changes much," Desjardins said. "It's the guys currently in our league who're going to be free agents that we're not necessarily going to be in a position to re-sign because they'll want to wait and maybe pursue the other option."
Barker knows a thing or two about the challenges for new leagues, and what is means for the CFL. He was part of the coaching staff with the XFL's champion Los Angeles Xtreme in 2001, the league's only season (though founder Vince McMahon says he hopes to resume play in 2020)
"They [CFL free agents] will become injury replacements [after the AAF season starts]," Barker said. "There will be people in [AAF] who know the CFL and they'll know which players [are available].
"I was in the XFL [with league-champion Los Angeles Xtreme in 2001] and when you've never met anybody in the organization you need at least four weeks so the product is at least decent. In the XFL that wasn't enough, it was tough. At the beginning, the football was really poor but you must have places to go to get players."
Contract talks between the CFL and CFLPA were tumultuous in 2014. Negotiations broke down several times and there was a threat of a players' strike before both sides hammered out a five-year deal.
"The CBA does create some uncertainty," Desjardins said. "It's going to be a difficult off-season just in terms of the timelines for everything, no doubt."
"This is a CBA year so there'll be little reason for [pending free agents] to sign because they can't get upfront money," he said.
However, Barker doesn't believe the AAF will cripple the CFL.
"The bottom line is the CFL will be strong," he said. "The impact of this will last through this year and there's plenty of good players they [CFL teams] will get.
"But it's going to be interesting."