A year in review: The House 2019 political quiz
This year was marked with scandals and elections, and that's just the tip of the political iceberg.
As 2019 draws to a close, how much do you remember about it? It's time for The House's annual end-of-year political quiz.
Play along with our panel of journalists and test your knowledge.
The questions are below, and you can scroll further down the page for the answers.
1. This year began with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calling the byelection in early January that would finally allow Jagmeet Singh to win a seat in the House of Commons. How many byelections were called on Jan. 9, what ridings were they for, and when would they take place?
2. The following day, on Jan. 10, there was a major shakeup within Trudeau's cabinet that would have long-term implications. What happened that day?
3. Former Treasury Board of Canada president Scott Brison's resignation meant the prime minister was forced to shuffle his cabinet. On Jan. 19, who was moved?
4. While cabinet got shuffled, something else got shaken up after a dozen years. What was the major change to Canada's Food Guide?
5. As 2019 was getting underway, the health of Canadians wasn't the government's only concern. The prime minister had many other issues to deal with. Earlier that same week, the Chinese ambassador to Canada, Lu Shaye, threatened Canada with repercussions should it do what?
6. On Jan. 28, Parliament resumed, but due to renovations at the House of Commons, this time the House convened in the West Block. When was the last time that Parliament sat somewhere other than Centre Block and why?
7. February 2019 was when the SNC-Lavalin scandal really started to gain momentum. The cabinet shuffle on Jan. 19 saw Jody Wilson-Raybould moved from the Department of Justice to Veterans Affairs. On Feb. 27, at a meeting of the justice committee, what did Wilson-Raybould allege was the reason for her to be shuffled?
8. Prior to the committee meeting, as things were ramping up on Feb. 11, two key events happened in the SNC timeline. What were they?
9. How many people, including Wilson-Raybould, ended up resigning from their positions during the investigation?
10. On Feb. 18, Gerald Butts resigned as the prime minister's principal secretary and released a statement saying he didn't want to become a distraction, and he denied any wrongdoing. Butts also stated that he "categorically denies the accusation that he or anyone else in his office pressured Ms. Wilson-Raybould." What else did he single out in his letter, which even he described as a non sequitur?
11. Michael Wernick ended up resigning as clerk of the Privy Council on March 18, but at the height of the SNC scandal, on Feb. 21, Wernick appeared before the justice committee. In his statement he expressed concern about "the rising tide of incitement to violence when people use terms like treason and traitor in open disclosure." What term did he use to describe the trolling on social media?
12. On Aug. 14, Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion released his 60-page report into whether conflict of interest rules were broken in the SNC-Lavalin affair. What was his conclusion about the role of the prime minister and his office?
13. The three byelections were held on Feb. 25. Singh was victorious in Burnaby South, but who won in the other two ridings?
14. After a day of weather delays, March 8 saw the prime minister head to Iqaluit. Why?
15. On March 12, then Minister of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction Bill Blair made a funding announcement that would tackle what?
16. On March 18 there was another cabinet shuffle, the third in three months. The shuffle was to replace Jane Philpott who had resigned from cabinet on March 5. Who was shuffled in, and to what portfolio?
17. April 1 saw the federal carbon tax come into effect in which provinces?
18. On April 8, Finance Minister Bill Morneau introduced the Budget Implementation Act. It contains, as you would expect, measures from the budget. But it also contains a controversial change involving refugees. What was the change?
19. April found a couple of Canadian provinces headed to the polls. The Alberta general election was held on April 16, and the election in Prince Edward Island took place a week later, on April 23. In Alberta, how many of the 87 seats did Jason Kenney's United Conservative Party win?
20. On April 23, what was the result in P.E.I., where Green Party Leader Peter Bevan-Baker was expected to do well?
21. April ended with the swearing-in of Kenney as Alberta's 18th premier. As premier, what was Kenney's first order of business when he met the legislature?
22. On May 1, Kenney and B.C. Premier John Horgan discussed Alberta's new law that would allow the province to turn off the taps to B.C. in order to force through the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion. A decision that was due on May 22, but got delayed until June 18, saw the federal government approve the expansion a second time. What did the government mandate would happen with any revenue from the pipeline?
23. On May 9, Sen. Lynn Beyak was suspended for the remainder of the parliamentary session. Why?
24. On May 15, Trudeau was in Paris to attend a meeting with world leaders and tech bosses on eliminating violent extremism from online forums. While there, what landmark did Trudeau visit, and what offer did he make?
25. In 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump imposed tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminum. Those tariffs were finally lifted on May 20. That tariff war, which lasted almost a year, saw Canada impose counter-tariffs on how many U.S. products?
26. On June 10, Environment Minister Catherine McKenna was in Toronto. What steps did she announce the government would be taking?
27. On June 18, China ramped up its trade war with Canada by doing what?
28. On June 20, Trudeau was back in Washington to meet with Trump to discuss the ratification of the new North American free trade deal. As Trump alluded to, what other key discussion was on the agenda?
29. On July 2, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskiy met in Toronto with Trudeau where they discussed expanding Canadian film and television access to Ukraine and declared a mutual interest in improving student exchanges and youth work permits between the two countries. After the meeting, what controversial decision did Zelenskiy say had also been reached?
30. On July 23, what did the French National Assembly ratify?
31. In July, Canada's 13 premiers met in Saskatoon for the annual Council of the Federation meeting. Name two of the priorities the premiers listed in their communique at the end of the meeting.
32. On Aug. 2, longtime Calgary MP Deepak Obhrai died after a battle with liver cancer. How many years did the popular MP serve?
33. On Aug. 17, the Kandahar cenotaph was rededicated at National Defence headquarters in Ottawa. Why was it rededicated?
34. Aug. 21 found the ethics committee called back from summer break. What prompted the committee to be called back for this emergency meeting?
35. Sept. 10 found Manitobans back at the polls — one year earlier than scheduled. What was the final seat count in the legislature?
36. The very next day, Trudeau triggered the federal election campaign. The start of the campaign saw the Liberals and Conservatives neck and neck in the CBC Poll Tracker. What were they sitting at?
37. The questions around Andrew Scheer's U.S. citizenship weren't the only controversies to dog the election campaign. Both Trudeau and Scheer confronted major controversies based on other events from their pasts. What were they?
38. Oct. 21: election day finally arrived and presented the country with a minority Liberal government. What were the final seat counts after the ballots were counted? No points if you can't name them all.
39. There were three recounts requested after the election. What ridings were they for?
40. On Nov. 4, Elizabeth May stepped as down as Green Party Leader. How long did she lead the party, and when and where will the convention to replace her be held?
41. On Nov. 20, Trudeau announced his new cabinet. How many members of cabinet are there?
42. On Nov. 14, a group of senators formed a new entity in the upper chamber. Who are they and what did they form?
43. On Dec. 4, Trump lashed out at Trudeau, calling him two-faced for comments overheard at a reception at NATO meetings the night before. Trump obviously felt like the comment was all about him. How long was the actual photo op with Trump and Trudeau, to the nearest minute?
44. Dec. 10 found Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland in Mexico City to sign the new NAFTA deal with Mexico and the United States. What were the most significant compromises the Democrats made in order to get the deal through Congress?
45. On Dec. 12, Scheer resigned as Conservative party leader, although he did say he would stay on as interim leader until a new leader is chosen. Quick math question here: how many months was he leader?
1. Burnaby South, Outremont, and York-Simcoe. To be held Feb. 25.
2. Scott Brison resigned from cabinet saying he had decided to step away from politics and not run again in the next federal election.
3. Jody Wilson-Raybould moved to Veterans Affairs, Jane Philpott moved to the Treasury Board, David Lametti was named justice minister and attorney general, Seamus O'Regan went to Indigenous Services, Bernadette Jordan moved to the newly created Rural Economic Development file.
4. Instead of eating from four main food groups, Canadians are now encouraged to follow three guidelines on: what to eat regularly, what to avoid, and the importance of cooking and preparing meals at home. Health Canada recommends eating "plenty of vegetables and fruits, whole grain foods and protein foods." And dairy was dropped as an essential food group.
5. If Canada banned technology firm Huawei Technologies from supplying equipment to Canadian 5G networks.
6. A fire destroyed the Centre Block on Feb. 3, 1916. After the fire, the Victoria Memorial Museum (now the Canadian Museum of Nature) cleared its exhibition galleries to make room for parliamentarians to meet and work. On the morning after the fire, the museum's auditorium was converted into a temporary House of Commons chamber, and that afternoon, members of Parliament conducted business there. Rebuilding the Parliament Buildings began quickly even though there was a war going on. The first Parliament sat in the new building on Feb. 26, 1920, although the Centre Block wasn't completed until 1922. The Peace Tower was finished by 1927.
7. Wilson-Raybould alleged that Trudeau improperly influenced her when she was the minister of justice and the attorney general, to intervene in an ongoing criminal case against Quebec-based construction company SNC-Lavalin.
8. Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion announced that he would investigate the allegations. Wilson-Raybould resigned from cabinet later that day.
9. Four. Wilson-Raybould resigned from cabinet, as did fellow MP Jane Philpott. Michael Wernick resigned early from his position as clerk of the Privy Council, and Gerald Butts resigned as Trudeau's principal secretary.
10. Climate change.
12. "The authority of the prime minister and his office was used to circumvent, undermine and discredit the decision of the director of public prosecutions and Mrs. Wilson-Raybould as the Crown's chief law officer."
13. Liberal MP Rachel Bendayan won in Outremont, and Conservative MP Scot Davidson won in York-Simcoe
14. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau apologized for the federal policy on tuberculosis in the mid-20th century, calling it "colonial" and "purposeful," and saying the government knew it was taking a toll on Inuit.
15. Blair announced that Ontario would be getting an $11-million dollar boost from the federal government over two years to help fight guns-and-gang violence in the province.
16. Joyce Murray was named Treasury Board president and named the minister of Digital Government.
17. Ontario, Manitoba, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan.
18. It contains a section that would deny the right to a court or tribunal hearing to asylum seekers who have previously made a claim in countries like the U.S., U.K. and Australia.
19. The United Conservative Party won 63 seats to the NDP's 24.
20. A minority government was elected.
21. He enacted Bill 1, An Act to Repeal the Carbon Tax, on May 30, which was passed just days later on June 4.
22. The government said that all federal revenue it generates from the pipeline would be reinvested in clean energy and green technology, including an estimated $500 million a year in new annual corporate tax revenues and the proceeds from the sale of the entire expanded pipeline would go back to the private sector.
23. Beyak was suspended from the Senate for the remainder of the parliamentary session after declining to remove letters from her website that have been widely condemned as racist, and for refusing to apologize for posting them.
24. Trudeau offered Canadian steel and lumber to help rebuild France's fire-ravaged Notre Dame Cathedral, which was damaged in an April 15 blaze.
25. The value of the Canadian tariffs were set to match the value of the U.S. tariffs dollar-for-dollar and covered 299 U.S. goods including steel, aluminum, and a variety of other products such as inflatable boats, yogurt, whiskies, candles, and sleeping bags.
26. She announced that Canada will ban single-use plastics — which could include bags, straws and cutlery — by 2021 at the earliest.
27. China announced it would halt imports from a Canadian company after food safety issues were detected in one batch of pork, the Xinhua state news agency reported, a move likely to fuel speculation China is retaliating for the arrest in Canada of a Chinese tech executive.
28. The two leaders discussed the ratification of the new North American free trade deal and China's detention of two Canadian citizens.
29. As the leaders took questions from the media after the meeting, Zelenskiy suggested his government had also secured an agreement with Canada for the purchase of armoured vehicles.
30. The French National Assembly ratified the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with Canada in a 266 to 213 vote.
31. Economic competitiveness, jobs and skills training, health care, climate change, advancing reconciliation with Indigenous peoples.
32. 22 years. From June 2, 1997, until his death in 2019.
33. The ceremony followed public anger and frustration that occurred in May when the memorial hall, which houses the cenotaph, was opened in a private ceremony that included only senior government officials and high-ranking members of the military. Family members were excluded and the public wasn't notified until three days after the commemoration.
34. The committee was convened to respond to an opposition motion to call Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion to testify about his report, released Aug. 14, that concluded Trudeau violated the Conflict of Interest Act over the SNC-Lavalin affair.
35. Progressive Conservatives: 36. NDP: 18. Liberals: 3.
36. Both the Liberals and Conservatives started the campaign at 33.8 per cent, according to CBC poll analyst Éric Grenier.
37. Just a week into the campaign, Trudeau found himself embroiled in a scandal over his past wearing of blackface and brownface. Scheer was dogged through the campaign for after the Liberals released footage from 2005 of a young Scheer arguing against gay marriage in a speech in Parliament; he was also repeatedly asked to be more forthright on his views on abortion. We will also accept "questions about Scheer's credentials as an insurance broker."
38. Liberals: 157. Conservatives: 121. Bloc Québécois: 32. NDP: 24. Greens: 3, Independents: 1.
39. The ridings were Quebec, Hochelaga, and Port Moody–Coquitlam.
40. She was the leader for 13 years and two months (from Aug. 26, 2006, to Nov. 4, 2019). The new leader will be chosen in October 2020 at a convention in P.E.I.
41. There are 36 members of cabinet (plus Jim Carr, who will serve as the prime minister's special representative for the Prairies).
42. Independent Liberals created the Progressive Senate Group.
43. It ran for 31.5 minutes.
44. Stronger support for workers, strong, high-standard rules that are clear and enforceable for protection of the environment, and they removed provisions that contribute to high prescription drug prices to improve access to affordable prescription drugs.
45. 30.5 months, from May 27, 2017, to Dec. 12, 2019.