Surprise Leads to Learning in Babies
Infants seem to have an innate understanding of some aspects of how the physical world works. And when those expectations are violated, they become curious little scientists, eager to explore and learn. Aimee Stahl, a PhD candidate in Psychological and Brian Sciences at Johns Hopkins University, showed infants illusions of surprising events, like toys passing through solid walls, or balls defying gravity.
The babies were far more interested in these events, and were primed to learn more about even unrelated things than when they saw toys behaving "normally."