Peace In Their Time
In 1915, more than a thousand women gathered in The Hague, Netherlands to find a way to end the First World War. They were social and labour reformers, suffragists and peace activists and they were determined to create a plan they could take to the world. Marilyn Powell traces the remarkable story of their achievement and defeat.
** This episode originally aired April 28, 2015.
"These women simply felt that this war was senseless. It had started among nations that actually, previously, right up to the last minute, had been getting along with each other rather well. Nobody claimed a piece of another's territory - openly, at least. The women felt that this war was senseless, and they were hoping that they could start some kind of movement to stop it."
-- Adam Hochschild
Participants in the program:
Harriet Hyman Alonso, Peace historian, Professor of History Emerita, City College of New York.
Mineke Bosch, Professor of Modern History, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
Adam Hochschild, Writer, historian, lecturer, Graduate School of Journalism, UC Berkeley.
Jennifer Jenkins, Associate Professor of German and European History, University of Toronto.
David Patterson, Historian.
Harriet Hyman Alonso:
Women at the Hague: the International Congress of Women and Its Results, Jane Addams, Emily G. Balch, Alice Hamilton, intro Harriet Hyman Alonso, University of Illinois Press, 2003.
Peace as a Women's issue: a History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights, Syracuse University Press, 1993.
Women and Peace, Building a Feminist-Pacifist Peace Movement: The Early Years
"Aletta Jacobs and Jane Addams at the Hague, 1915: a Happy Mixture of Different Internationalisms," paper delivered at conference, Hull House as a Resource for Teaching U.S. and World History, Sept. 22-23, 2000, Chicago, Illinois.
Politics and Friendship, Letters from the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, 1902-1942, ed. with Annemarie Kloosterman, Ohio State University Press, 1990.
"Colonial Dimensions of Dutch Women's Suffrage: Aletta Jacob's Travel Letters from Africa and Asia, 1911-1912," "Journal of Women's History," Vol. 11, Number 2, Summer, 1999, pp. 8-34.
To End All Wars: a Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Co., 2011.
Why World War 1 Was Such a Blood Bath, The New York Times, Opinion Pages, July 28, 2014.
Provincial Modernity: Local Culture and Liberal Politics in Fin-de-Siecle Hamburg, Cornell University Press, 2003.
David S. Patterson:
The Search for a Negotiated Peace: Women's Activism and Citizen Diplomacy in World War 1, Routledge, 2008.
Toward a Warless World: the Travail of the American Peace Movement, 1887-1994, Indiana Univerity Press, 1978.
"The Emergence of Peace History," "Reviews in American History," Vol. 23, Number 1, March, 1995, pp. 129-136.
Jane Addams, Emily Balch and Alice Hamilton, Women at the Hague: the International Congress of Women and its Results, intro. Harriet Hyman Alonso, Syracuse University Press, 1993.
Aletta Jacobs, Memories: my Life as an International Leader in Health, Suffrage, And Peace, trans. Anne Wright, ed. Harriet Feinberg, the Feminist Press, 1996.
Mary Jean Woodard Bean, Julia Grace Wales:Canada's Heroine and the Quest for Peace 1914-1918, Borealis Press, Ottawa, 2005.