Five Freedoms: Freedom of Speech
In his 1941 State of the Union address, American president Franklin Roosevelt proposed four freedoms that he believed all people were entitled to: freedom of speech, freedom of belief, freedom from fear and freedom from want.
All this week, we explore ideas about the meaning of freedom in a series of discussions recorded at the Stratford Festival. However, we've got a total of five freedoms in our list, and a stellar lineup of thoughtful people to dig into a central question for our times: what is freedom?
Freedom to Speak
What do you have a right to say? Is it ever ok to say whatever you want? In some places, like the United States, freedom of speech basically means you have the right to say nearly anything, and the idea is that the bright light of debate will push untruths aside.
It's a nice idea, but easier said than done. In most societies, there are restrictions on what it's alright to say: criticising the president is ok in some places; in others, doing so can land you in prison, or hasten your execution.
And of course in the wild and lawless lands of the internet, anyone appears to be able to say anything — although you might find it safest to say nothing at all.
However, the real question about free speech comes down to this: the downside of free speech is that it's virtually impossible to police, and innocent people can be badly damaged; the downside of restrictions on free speech is that it makes it easy for power to shut down dissent.
Perhaps the real answer is that there's no such thing as free speech: there's always a price.
**This episode was produced by Philip Coulter.