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Click here to listen to Missing & Murdered: Finding Cleo

Where is Cleo? Taken by child welfare workers in the 1970s and adopted in the U.S., the young Cree girl’s family believes she was raped and murdered while hitchhiking back home to Saskatchewan.

How a CBC podcast solved the mystery of a missing Indigenous girl

Cleopatra Semaganis Nicotine and her siblings, Johnny, Mark, Annette, April and Christine, were part of a wave of apprehensions of Indigenous children by child welfare authorities that has become known as the Sixties Scoop
Finding Cleo

'Our story is about hope': How siblings of lost Saskatchewan girl made peace with their loss

The Semaganis siblings from Little Pine First Nation in Saskatchewan had spent decades searching for their sister Cleo, but it was through a CBC podcast that they finally learned her fate. Listen to the final episode and read about how Cleo's siblings came to terms with what they learned and what they had lost.

Cleo's letters

Christine and Connie read Cleo’s handwritten letters to her best friend at the Evesham Police Department in Marlton, New Jersey.

The reunion

Christine and Johnny meet in Pennsylvania for an emotional reunion. They haven't seen each other since Christine was a baby.

See the people in Finding Cleo

See the photo of Cleo at the centre of the investigation, the siblings that have been searching for years and the mother they were taken away from.

Who is Cleo L. Madonia?

The search for Cleo intensifies with the discovery of a child's grave site.

Lillian's life

Meet Lillian Semaganis, Cleo's mother, who had her six children taken from her.



Saskatchewan's Adopt Indian Métis program

The controversial adoption program out of Saskatchewan lead to the separation of thousands of Indigenous children from their families.

Little Pine and North Battleford

New facts about Cleo's life bring the investigation back to Little Pine First Nation.

The Sixties Scoop tried to extinguish our culture and our spirit. It failed

The goal of the so-called Sixties Scoop was to reprogram the histories and identities of the country's most vulnerable population. And maybe it worked — for a while. I was once very ashamed of my own people. But in the end, I never forgot who I was or where I came from, writes Christine Cameron.

Creator of Sixties Scoop adoption program says it wasn't meant to place kids with white families

Fifty-year-old documents uncovered by the CBC podcast Finding Cleo detail a tense struggle between the bureaucrats behind a Saskatchewan adoption program and Indigenous groups that called it an act of "cultural genocide."
The Current

'This is not just a story about a girl who went missing': host Connie Walker on telling Cleo's story

"This is a story about the intra-generational effects of residential schools... about the lack of basic infrastructure that Indigenous communities grapple with everyday. As soon as you scratch the surface you realize how interconnected all of these issues are," Walker said.
Finding Cleo

'Naive but a good intention' — adoptive parents grapple with fallout of Sixties Scoop

Five siblings separated in the Sixties Scoop have reconnected as adults and are determined to find out what happened to the sister they lost track of. In the latest episodes of Finding Cleo, CBC News reporter Connie Walker follows a lead that takes her to a cemetery in New Jersey.
Finding Cleo

CBC podcast sets out to solve decades-old mystery of Saskatchewan girl lost in Sixties Scoop

A patchwork of information suggested Cleo Semaganis Nicotine had been killed decades ago while trying to make her way back to Saskatchewan from her adoptive family in the U.S., but no one knew for sure what happened until CBC News began looking into the case.