As It Happens

Why this woman left a career in architecture to catalogue bird feathers

Instead of designing buildings, Esha Munshi puts her aesthetic skills to use by collecting, photographing, measuring and cataloguing the wings and feathers of India's more than 1,300 bird species. 

'I wanted to give something back to science,' says India's Esha Munshi

A smiling woman stands outside among the trees holding up two bird wings, one green and the other yellow and blue. Her shirt reads: 'May the forest be with you.'
Esha Munshi — an architect from Ahmedabad, India — co-founded the Feather Library to document her country's more than 1,300 species of birds. (Submitted by Esha Munshi)

Esha Munshi has been an architect for 15 years — but her true passion is birds.

"I breathe birds, I paint birds, I read about birds, I look at birds, I record bird sounds. So 24/7, birds are on my mind," the Ahmedabad, India, woman told As It Happens host Nil Köksal.

During the pandemic lockdowns, Munshi took a two-year online course on bird biology from Cornell University. And now, instead of designing buildings, she puts her aesthetic skills to use by collecting, photographing, measuring and cataloguing the wings and feathers of India's more than 1,300 bird species. 

"I wanted to give something back to science — something related to birds. So I left my architecture career behind and I got into this full time," she said.

Side-by-side close-ups of bird feathers. On the left, black with beige spots. On the right, contrasting hues of bright blue.
These images from the Feather Library show plumage from an Eurasian kestrel, left, and an Indian roller. (The Feather Library)

Munshi teamed up with aviary curator Sherwin Everett to create the Feather Library, an online database of Indian bird feathers. It's the first collection of its kind in India, and one of only a handful around the world. 

The idea came to her during lockdown when people were mostly inside, and birds were out in full force, she said.

One day she spotted an Indian silverbill outside her home, a species of passerine birds that only grows to about 11 centimetres in length. 

While Munshi loves birds, she also has cats, so she has bird netting installed to protect them from her pet predators. But the tiny silverbill managed to slip thorough. 

"My cat rushed to attack it, and I happened to rescue [the bird] right in time and release it back. But, in fright, birds tend to lose some of their feathers, and that's what this little bird did," she said.

Several bright green feathers and wings of varying hues spread out and taped to a white backdrop.
The Feather Library documents the plumage of a rose-ringed parakeet. (Feather Library )

She picked up the handful of feathers in her hand and was fascinated by them. The longest was smaller than her little finger. It made her think about Indian peacocks, whose colourful tail feathers can grown as long as 1.5 metres. 

"It just got me curious to know more about feathers," she said. "Those two are the contradictory feathers, which I have seen, and I wanted to know the entire spectrum in between. And I [wondered] where do I go and find it? And I could not find the answer to it. So I thought: Why don't I create one?" is available for casual birdwatchers and scientists alike, she said. 

"Wherever a person would go, if it's a kid or older person, if one finds a feather lying on the ground, they'll pick it up. And you know, there's something about feathers which fascinates everyone," Munshi said. "So I think the first idea is to create curiosity. The second idea is to create a dataset for the future scientists to look at and to analyze."

A man and a woman stand outside in front of trees, smiling and holding up bird wings.
Sherwin Everett, left, a curator who works at an avian hospital, partnered with Munshi to create the database. (Submitted by Esha Munshi)

The feathers mostly come by way of Everett, who works at a bird hospital in Ahmedabad. 

According to the Feather Library website, the clinic treats between 1,500 and 2,000 birds a year — some commonplace, and some quite rare.

But not every bird makes it, and when they succumb to their injuries and die, their bodies are simply discarded. 

Now, rather than let all that potential data go to waste, the avian clinic allows Everett and Munshi to photograph and digitize the feathers and the wings before they are disposed of. 

So far, they have catalogued 100 species, of an estimated 1,331 in the country.

"Still a lot of way to go," Munshi said.

A small gray bird perched on a rockface spreading its bright red, black and white wings.
Munshi's favourite bird is a red-winged wall creeper. The flash of red when it spreads its wings, she says, brings her to tears. (Wang LiQiang/Shutterstock)

Scott V. Edwards, a Harvard ornithologist who is not involved in the project, called it "super exciting."

"I think it really will draw attention to the beauty of bird feathers when you can really look at them in detail. And, you know, it also serves some practical uses. People are often trying to identify species by individual feathers, and so this will be a big aid to that," he said.

"This is really exciting and it's new. I haven't really seen anything like it."

Edwards says it could prove useful for scientists who need to identify bird species as part of their research. 

What's more, he says you can learn a lot about birds based on their wings and feathers — how they attract mates, how they fly, what kind of habitat they occupy, and their moulting patterns throughout the year, for example.

Not to mention, they're beautiful to behold.

"I think it's always marvellous how natural selection has just sculpted these exquisite details. It's not all about survival, though. I think things like bird wings really let us see the exuberance of life and biology," he said.

"Birds are declining all over the world, and so, hopefully, resources like this will inspire people to remember where they came from and contribute to their longevity in terms of keeping the planet biodiverse."


  • An earlier version of this story identified Sherwin Everett as an avian veterinarian. In fact, he is an aviary curator.
    Jan 31, 2023 2:22 PM ET

Interview with Esha Munshi produced by Cassie Argao.

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