As It Happens

Canadian mountain no longer named for Nazi collaborator thanks to father and son

Duncan Taylor says his late father would be pleased that a Canadian mountain he loved no longer bears the name of a Nazi collaborator. It's just too bad he's not around to see it.

B.C.-Alberta border mountain was named for Philippe Pétain, a French marshal convicted of treason

Two men, one middle aged and one elderly, smile for the camera with mountains in the backdrop.
Duncan Taylor, right, hiking with his father, Geoffrey Taylor, who died in 2020. For years, the pair advocated for the B.C. and Alberta governments to change the name of Mount Pétain. (Submitted by Duncan Taylor)

Duncan Taylor says his late father would be pleased that a Canadian mountain he loved no longer bears the name of a Nazi collaborator — but, unfortunately, he's not around to see it.

Geoffrey Taylor had long advocated for Mount Pétain to be stripped of its name, his son said. Bureaucratically, this was no easy feat as the mountain straddles the border between Alberta and British Columbia.

But last week, the B.C. government followed Alberta in officially rescinding the controversial name — six years after Taylor's father first started his fight, and two years after he died.

"My dad was a big fan of the Rockies and loved hiking in Kananaskis Country, where the peak is located. And that someone who did the things that this guy did was commemorated, was honoured on the maps of our province and in an area that he cared a lot about, really annoyed him," Taylor, a Calgary lawyer, told As It Happens guest host Ginella Massa.

"I think he'd be a little annoyed it took so long, but I think he'd be relieved that it's finally done."

Who was Henri Philippe Pétain?

The mountain was named in 1919 for Henri Philippe Pétain — better known as Philippe Pétain — a French field marshal who was hailed as a hero during the First World War for leading his soldiers to victory in the 1916 Battle of Verdun.

But during the Second World War, Pétain led the Vichy French government in German-occupied France and worked closely with the Nazi administration. 

He even once wrote a letter to the Nazis congratulating them in the 1942 Dieppe Raid, in which 3,367 Allied soldiers, including 916 Canadians, were killed.

Henri Philippe Pétain re-enacting his part in the First World War for the film Verdun - A Recollection. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"Someone who did these kinds of things, you know, no amount of good, no amount of heroics in the First World War can make up for that," Taylor said.

After the war, the French government tried and convicted Pétain for treason for collaborating with the Nazis. He was sentenced to death, but due to his advanced age, was allowed to live out the rest of his life in prison.

Hiking and history lessons

Taylor first learned about Pétain from his father. Geoffrey Taylor, a physician, was an avid outdoorsman who would often take his kids hiking in and around Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, which connects to the mountain in question. 

On their treks, the elder Taylor would quiz his kids about the names of different mountains and geographical features, and school them about the history behind those names.

But Mount Pétain always rubbed him the wrong way.

"He would often kind of complain about it. And one day I just [learned] there's a form you get on the Alberta government website to rename a geographic feature," Taylor said. 

"I found it, I printed it off and I just basically shoved it in his hand and said, 'You know, if you're going to complain, complain to someone who can do something about it.'" 

Pétain, left, and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, right, shake hands while interpreter Colonel Schmidt watches in October 1940. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

That was in 2016. Three years later, in 2019, he got his first taste of victory when the Alberta government officially rescinded the name.

Savannah Johannsen, spokesperson for Alberta's minister of culture, said in an email to CBC that the government "believes it is not appropriate for a mountain in our province to be named in commemoration of a collaborator in the Holocaust."

But the mountain retained Pétain's name on the B.C. side. So when his father died in 2020, Taylor picked up the cause in his memory, haranguing B.C. politicians about the issue. 

Then last week, on June 29, the B.C. government followed suit, removing the name from the mountain peak as well as the Pétain Glacier and Pétain Creek.

"[I] just found the right people to harass, I guess," Taylor said. 

The decision comes after a two-year consultation process with local stakeholders, communities, First Nations and Indigenous groups, said Corinna Filion, spokesperson for B.C.'s Ministry of Tourism, Arts, Culture and Sport.

"This proposal to rescind these names received strong community support," Filion wrote in an email.

A man in sunglasses and a ballcap poses for a picture with his arms around a young boy and a young girl. A scenic vista of mountaintops is visible behind them.
Duncan Taylor, left, pictured as a young boy with his father, Geoffrey Taylor, and his sister, while hiking in Alberta. (Submitted by Duncan Taylor)

Neither province has chosen a new name for the mountain yet, and both governments say they will work together with local stakeholders to find one. In the meantime, the mountain will simply be referred to by its GPS co-ordinates.

Taylor says the news means trips to the provincial park without his father will now be a little less "bittersweet."

"There's a lot of great memories that my family and I have from visiting that area. But now, you know, whenever we go, we can look at the map and we can look up at the skyline and know that, yeah, the map's changed because of his passion," he said.

Written by Sheena Goodyear. Interview with Duncan Taylor produced by Aloysius Wong.

Add some “good” to your morning and evening.

A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you.

Sign up now


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?