A row of 26 people, made up of residential school survivors and their families, appear standing and seated side by side.

Beyond 94

Truth and Reconciliation in Canada

In March 2018, CBC News launched Beyond 94, a website that monitors progress on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.

Beyond 94 was the result of a year’s worth of research and interviews with survivors, stakeholders and all levels of government.

While the content is continually updated, in September 2021, CBC reviewed the progress status of each of the 94 calls to action.

The site provides up-to-date status reports on each call to action, as well as extensive summaries explaining those status reports. It includes in-depth features and short video documentaries that tell some of the community stories behind the calls to action. It also features residential school survivors sharing their experiences.

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  • Child Welfare Child Welfare
  • Education Education
  • Language and Culture Language and Culture
  • Health Health
  • Justice Justice
  • Reconciliation Reconciliation
  Use the circles to explore each call to action in detail
2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada


About the TRC

The first residential schools opened in Canada in the 1800s. They were the product of churches and the government; a collective, calculated effort to eradicate Indigenous language and culture that the commission called a policy of cultural genocide.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was formed as a means of reckoning with the devastating legacy of forced assimilation and abuse left by the residential school system. From 2008 to 2014, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission heard stories from thousands of residential school survivors. In June 2015, the commission released a report based on those hearings. From that came the 94 Calls to Action: individual instructions to guide governments, communities and faith groups down the road to reconciliation.

Beyond 94 will now monitor the progress of that journey.

To see the locations of known residential schools, you can visit this map created by the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.


Measuring progress

In researching the progress of each Call to Action, CBC reached out to relevant governments, faith groups, professional and community organisations for comment. We fact-checked each response with invested stakeholders. We also cross-referenced federal funding announcements with actual and past financial expenditures. We also drew information from past and current CBC stories.

Beyond 94 measures the progress of the Calls to Action based on the following;

“Not started” refers to Calls to Action in which no action plan has been developed and/or no funds have been committed, to implement the Call to Action.

“In Progress — Projects proposed” refers to Calls to Action in which the relevant parties involved have either committed to an action plan or funding, but not yet followed through with it.

“In Progress — Projects underway” refers to Calls to Action in which the relevant parties involved are actively working towards implementing that call, with both a timeline and (where needed) the funding to make it happen.

“Complete” refers to Calls to Action which have been fully implemented.

Child Welfare (1 - 5)

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  Use the circles to explore each call to action in detail
2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Education (6 - 12)

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2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Language and Culture (13 - 17)

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2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Health (18 - 24)

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  Use the circles to explore each call to action in detail
2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Justice (25 - 42)

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  Use the circles to explore each call to action in detail
2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Reconciliation (43 - 94)

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  Use the circles to explore each call to action in detail
2. Publish annual reports on the number of Aboriginal children in care 6. Repeal the 'Spanking Law' 9. Publish annual reports on education funding and educational and income attainments 26. Review and amend statutes of limitations 33. Develop FASD preventative programs that can be delivered in a culturally appropriate manner​ 38. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody 42. Commit to the recognition and implementation of Aboriginal justice systems 45. Develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation to be issued by the Crown 46. Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation among parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 51. Government of Canada to develop policy of transparency on legal opinions upon which it acts in regard to Aboriginal and Treaty rights​ 52. Adopt legal principles on Aboriginal title claims 54. Provide multi-year funding for the National Council for Reconciliation 55. Provide annual reports or any current data requested by the National Council for Reconciliation 56. Prime Minister of Canada to issue an annual 'State of Aboriginal Peoples' report 64. Require publicly-funded denominational schools to teach comparative religious studies including Aboriginal spiritual beliefs 68. Mark the 150th anniversary of Confederation with a funding program for commemoration projects on theme of reconciliation 89. Amend the Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure policies are inclusive to Aboriginal Peoples 91. Ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ territorial protocols are respected by officials and host countries of international sporting events 92. Corporate sector in Canada to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
1. Reduce the number of Aboriginal children in care 5. Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Aboriginal families 8. Eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding between on-reserve and off-reserve students 10. Draft new Aboriginal education legislation 11. Provide adequate funding for First Nations students seeking post-secondary education 18. Recognize and implement the health-care rights of Aboriginal people 19. Identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities 23. Increase the number of Aboriginal professionals working in the health care field 24. Require all medical and nursing students to take a course dealing with Aboriginal health issues 25. Reaffirm the independence of the RCMP to investigate crimes in which the government is a potential party 27. Ensure lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training 28. Require all law students to take a course in Aboriginal people and the law 29. Work collaboratively with plaintiffs not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement 30. Eliminate the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody over the next decade 31. Implement and evaluate community sanctions that will provide realistic alternatives to imprisonment 32. Amend the Criminal Code to allow trial judges to depart from mandatory minimum sentences 34. Undertake reforms to the criminal justice system to better address the needs of offenders with FASD 35. Eliminate barriers to the creation of additional Aboriginal healing lodges within the federal correctional system 37. Provide more supports for Aboriginal programming in halfway houses and parole services 50. Establish Indigenous law institutes 53. Establish a National Council for Reconciliation 63. Council of Ministers of Education Canada to maintain an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues 69. Library and Archives Canada to adopt UNDRIP, ensure records on residential schools accessible to public 71. Records on the deaths of Aboriginal children in residential schools to go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation​ 73. Establish and maintain an online registry of residential school cemeteries 74. Inform the families of children who died at residential schools of the child’s burial location 75. Develop and implement procedures for the identification and maintenance of residential school cemeteries 76. Aboriginal communities should lead development of residential school cemetery identification and maintenance strategies 81. Commission and install a Residential Schools National Monument in Ottawa 82. Commission and install a Residential Schools Monument in each capital city 86. Journalism programs and media schools to require education for all students on the history of Aboriginal peoples
3. Implement Jordan's Principle 4. Enact child welfare legislation that establishes national standards for Aboriginal child apprehension and custody cases 7. Eliminate educational and employment gaps 12. Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs 14. Enact an Aboriginal Language Act 17. Waive administrative costs for five years for revision of official identity documents 20. Recognize, respect, and address the distinct health needs of the Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve Aboriginal peoples 21. Provide sustainable funding for existing and new Aboriginal healing centres 22. Recognize the value of Aboriginal healing practices and use them in the treatment of Aboriginal patients 36. Provide culturally relevant services to inmates on issues such as substance abuse, family and domestic violence 40. Create adequately funded and accessible Aboriginal-specific victim programs and services 43. Adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 44. Develop a national plan, strategies and other concrete measures to achieve the goals of the UNDRIP 47. Governments to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius and reform laws that rely on such concepts 48. Church parties to the residential schools settlement and other faith groups to adopt and comply with UNDRIP 49. All faith groups to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius 57. Educate public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples 58. The Pope to issue an apology to residential school survivors 60. Faith groups to develop and teach curriculum for all student clergy and staff who work in Aboriginal communities 61. Church parties to residential schools settlement to fund reconciliation and culture revitalization projects 62. Develop and fund Aboriginal content in education 65. Establish a national research program with multi-year funding to advance understanding of reconciliation 66. Establish multi-year funding for youth organizations to deliver programs on reconciliation 67. A national review of museum policies and best practices 72. Develop and maintain the National Residential School Student Death Register created by the TRC 77. Archives to provide residential school records to National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 78. Commit to funding of $10 million over seven years to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 79. Develop a reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration 87. Tell the stories of Aboriginal athletes in history 90. Ensure that national sports policies, programs and initiatives are inclusive of Aboriginal Peoples 93. Revise the information kit for newcomers and citizenship test to reflect a more inclusive history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada

Beyond 94 was a full year in the making and involved CBC journalists across the country.

The site provides up-to-date status reports on each call to action, as well as extensive summaries explaining those status reports. It includes in-depth features and short video documentaries that tell some of the community stories behind the calls to action. It also features residential school survivors sharing their experiences.

We’d like to acknowledge and thank all of the people who generously shared their stories with us through this project and those who continue to share their stories so that we can hear the truth and understand how to move forward together.

Credits:

Jorge Barrera, Teghan Beaudette, Chantelle Bellrichard, Alex Brockman, Meagan Deuling, Kelly Malone, Nic Meloney, Brandi Morin, Lenard Monkman, Kieran Oudshoorn, Jason Warick, Bridget Yard

Additional credits: Stephanie Brown - Senior Producer, Tamara Baluja - Social Media Producer, Donna Carreiro - Producer / Researcher, Earl Cabuhat - Senior Designer, Stephanie Cram, Associate Producer, Jennifer Geens - Copy Editor, Arnold Hedstrom - Senior Producer, David Hutton - Managing Editor, Darcy Hunter - Sr. Graphics Producer, Tyson Koschik - Camera, Bertram Schneider - Executive Producer, Marilyn Robak - Senior Producer, Hannah Wise - Manager, Interactives, Karin Yeske - Senior Producer, Chanss Lagaden - Camera

To submit a comment or question please contact indigenous@cbc.ca

Web development:

Jessica Willms, Elizabeth Melito, Mike Evans, and Dwight Friesen