Positioned at the rear of the cerebral cortex, the occipital lobes are the main centres for visual processing, such as the interpretation of colour, shape and distance.

Located within the occipital lobes is the primary visual cortex, a region of the brain that receives visual input from the retina, which is then interpreted in the occipital lobes. The peristriate region of the occipital lobe is involved in visuospatial processing, as well as perception of movement and color.

ILLUSTRATION: The visual pathway