CBC In Depth

IN DEPTH: BALKANS
Timeline: 1999-present
CBC News Online | Updated on May 26, 2011

May 26, 2011
Ratko Mladic, a former commander of Serbian forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina and architect of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre is captured by Serbian authorities, who vow to extradite him to The Hague, where he will face war crimes charges. The capture of Mladic is likely to boost Serbia's chances of entering the European Union, which had made Mladic's arrest a key point in membership negotiations.

July 2008
Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is arrested and extradited to The Hague. His trial on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity relating to the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and other atrocities against non-Serb civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the 1992-95 war is ongoing.

Feb. 17, 2008
Members of the Kosovo legislative assembly pass a declaration of independence from Serbia. Serbia refuses to acknowledge the secession and vows to block Kosovo's entry to the UN. To date, about 75 out of 192 UN member states and 22 out of 27 EU countries have recognized Kosovo's independence, and the issue remains a stumbling block on Serbia's path to EU membership.

Serbia-Montenegro split

May 22, 2006
People in Montenegro vote to split from Serbia, narrowly surpassing the 55 per cent threshold set for the independence referendum by the European Union. The two states formally separate in June.

March 14, 2006
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague officially closes proceedings against Milosevic.

March 13, 2006
A preliminary autopsy performed by Dutch pathologists shows Milosevic died of a heart attack. A Dutch toxicologist who examined Milosevic's blood tests two weeks earlier says he was taking drugs to deliberately worsen his heart condition so that he could be transferred to Russia for treatment.

March 11, 2006
As his four-year trial at the ICTY comes to a close, Milosevic is found dead in his prison cell in The Hague. His supporters insist he is a victim of foul play and was poisoned. Chief prosecutor Carla Del Ponte suggests that Milosevic might have committed suicide to avoid a guilty verdict.

Jan. 21, 2006
Ibrahim Rugova, the 61-year-old president of Kosovo, dies of lung cancer.

Dec. 20, 2005
Five Serbs go on trial for the 1995 killing of six Serbian Muslims. They are accused of being members of a paramilitary gang called the Scorpions, which UN prosecutors was involved in the July 1995 Srebrenica massacre.

Dec. 8, 2005
Former Croatian general Ante Gotovina is arrested at a restaurant in Spain's Canary Islands after being on the run for four years. Gotovina would later plead not guilty to crimes against humanity and war crimes before the ICTY.

Kosovo politics


Serbian police officer looks at a burnt out vehicle in front of a mosque complex in downtown Belgrade, March 18, 2004. (AP Photo)
March 8, 2005
Kosovo's prime minister, Ramush Haradinaj, resigns after the ICTY indicts him for his alleged role in crimes against Serbs. Haradinaj was a senior commander of the Kosovo Liberation Army, a rebel group that fought against Serb troops during the 1998-1999 conflict.

October 2004
Kosovo holds general election; which is largely boycotted by the province's Serb minority. The Democratic League of Kosovo wins 47 of the 120 available seats, and the Democratic Party of Kosovo wins 30.

March 2004
Renewed clashes between Serbians and Albanians erupt in the ethnically divided town of Mitrovica in Kosovo. Homes are set on fire, UN offices attacked and about 22 people are killed in the violence. NATO decides to send 1,000 new troops to Kosovo.

March 3, 2004
Vojislav Kostunica, former president of Yugoslavia, elected president of Serbia.

May 2003
Filip Vujanovic elected president of Montenegro.

March 2003
Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic assassinated in Belgrade. The parliament of the new federation of Serbia and Montenegro elects Svetozvar Marovic president.

February 2003
Constitution for loose commonwealth of Serbia and Montenegro passed. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia officially disappears as a country designation. The status of Kosovo, still officially a province of Serbia but under UN administration, remains in dispute.

Milosevic trial

Feb. 12, 2002
Milosevic's trial on charges of genocide and war crimes opens at The Hague. When not in court, he is held in isolation. His health issues - including heart problems and high blood pressure - cause repeated delays over the course of the trial.

November 2001
Ibrahim Rugova becomes president of Kosovo. Rugova leads the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), the first non-communist party in Kosovo.

April 2001
Milosevic arrested in Belgrade. He faces charges related to atrocities committed in Kosovo in 1999 and in Croatia in 1991-92, and to alleged genocide in Bosnia in 1992-1995.

Oct. 7, 2000
Opposition leader Vojislav Kostunica sworn in as president of Yugoslavia.

Oct. 6, 2000
Anti-Milosevic demonstrators storm Belgrade; Milosevic goes into hiding. International community calls for Milosevic to step down.

September 2000
Milosevic bans international observers from monitoring federal elections in Yugoslavia. Both Milosevic and opposition leader Vojislav Kostunica claim victory. Elections commission calls for new vote.

NATO intervention

June 11, 1999
NATO troops enter Kosovo.

June 10, 1999
After 78 days, NATO suspends bombing of Yugoslavia. The province of Kosovo is placed under the administration of a new UN body: the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).

June 9, 1999
Belgrade agrees to full military withdrawal from Kosovo under terms of UN peace plan.

June 7, 1999
Peace talks collapse; NATO bombing continues.

June 3, 1999
Milosevic accepts international peace plan backed by Russia and the EU.

May 27, 1999
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) formally charges Milosevic with war crimes.

May 1999
The U.K. sends an investigator to Albania to interview Kosovar refugees and collect evidence of war crimes for the ICTY. The UN's special representative in Kosovo, Sergio Vieira de Mello, who was later killed in Iraq, says on his first visit to the region since the bombing that there is clear evidence of ethnic cleansing of Albanians by Serbian forces.

May 7, 1999
NATO missiles hit Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. NATO apologizes. U.S. blames incident on outdated map of city.

May 4, 1999
U.S. President Bill Clinton says NATO may consider a temporary halt in bombing if Yugoslavia accepts NATO demands, including a withdrawal of Serbian forces and the arrival of a NATO-led force.

Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic says he wants an end to NATO strikes, a UN-led mission in Kosovo and an autonomous state of Kosovo within Serbia.

April 5, 1999
The UN says 360,000 refugees have fled Kosovo.

March 24, 1999
NATO begins air strikes in Yugoslavia.




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MAIN PAGE Timeline: 1999-present Timeline: 1389-1999 Timeline: Slobodan Milosevic Map
IN FOCUS: Kosovo Podujevo massacre Srebrenica massacre CBC Radio doc on Srebrenica Besieged Sarajevo Bosnia-Herzegovina elections

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CBC STORIES:
May 22, 2006
Montenegro chooses independence in narrow vote

May 3, 2006
EU suspends trade talks with Serbia

April 30, 2006
Serbia misses deadline to hand over alleged war criminal

March 18, 2006
Milosevic buried in quiet ceremony in his hometown

March 14, 2006
Tribunal formally closes case against Milosevic

March 11, 2006
Milosevic dies in jail, leaving war crimes trial unfinished

Nov. 22, 2004
Milosevic war crimes trial hears from former Russian minister

March 17, 2004
Ethnic clashes kill 22 in Kosovo

May 11, 2003
Montenegro votes for looser ties with Serbia

March 12, 2003
Serbian prime minister assassinated

Feb. 12, 2002
Milosevic's history-making trial opens in The Hague

April 1, 2001
Milosevic arrested, jailed, sedated

Oct. 29, 2000
Moderate leader claims victory in Kosovo

Oct. 6, 2000
Chretien pledges aid to Yugoslavia

Sept. 29, 2000
Anti-Milosevic rallies spread in Yugoslavia

Sept. 24, 2000
Elections in Yugoslavia a 'complete mess'

April 30, 1999
Yugoslavia and NATO still far apart on proposals

March 26, 1999
NATO air strikes hammer Yugoslavia for third night

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Serbia and Montenegro

Statistical Office of Kosovo

KFOR (NATO)

UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

Centre for Peace in the Balkans

UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

Srebrenica report: Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to General Assembly resolution 53/35 (1998)

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