At least 12 dead overnight in Venezuelan protests

Most of the deaths took place when 13 people were hit with an electrical current while trying to loot a bakery protected by an electric fence, opposition leaders say. Food shortages and triple-digit inflation are among the issues fuelling the protests.

Most of the victims were electrocuted while looting a bakery amid food shortages

Opposition demonstrators run away while clashing with riot police during a march in Caracas, Venezuela, Wednesday. Overnight Thursday, 12 people were killed in the protests, 11 of them electrocuted by an electric fence while attempting to loot a bakery. (Marco Bello/Reuters)

At least 12 people were killed overnight following looting and violence in Venezuela's capital amid a spiralling political crisis, authorities said Friday.

Most of the deaths took place in El Valle, a working-class neighbourhood near Caracas' biggest military base where opposition leaders say 13 people were hit with an electrical current while trying to loot a bakery protected by an electric fence.

Two days of massive protests on the streets of Caracas against the government of President Nicolas Maduro spilled into a violent night in several parts of the city, with residents in El Valle witnessing repetitive gunfire, street barricades set aflame and more than a dozen businesses looted.

Police officers and criminal investigators stand in front of a looted bakery in Caracas Friday. (Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters)

Amid the confusion, mothers and newborn children were forced to leave a maternity hospital named for the late leader Hugo Chavez when it was swamped with tear gas.

The Public Ministry said the violence left 11 people dead in El Valle, all men between the ages of 17 and 45. Another death was reported east of Caracas, in El Sucre. Six others were injured.

Opposition leaders blamed the government for repressing protesters with tear gas but standing idly by as businesses were looted.

People watch as police officers and criminal investigators collect evidenceat the bakery. (Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters)

Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez pointed the finger at the opposition, saying armed groups controlled by them were responsible for the attack at the hospital.

"We reject and do not accept those irresponsible declarations," said Henrique Capriles, a former presidential candidate who the government recently barred from running for public office.

One victim shot

Earlier Friday, officials reported that one of the dead was Mervins Guitian. The young Venezuelan man was fatally shot when he was returning home late from work on Thursday and got caught in the middle of late-night street clashes.

Vicente Paez, a local councilman, said Guitian was an employee of a Caracas-area city governed by an opposition mayor and didn't join the protests. It wasn't clear who shot him and there was no immediate comment from authorities.

Demonstrators raise their arms during clashes with police while rallying against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro Thursday. (Christian Veron/Reuters)

Venezuelan social media was ablaze late into the night with grainy cellphone videos of light-armoured vehicles plowing down dark streets to control pockets of protesters who set up burning barricades in several neighbourhoods.

Supreme Court decision

The opposition said they have no intention of pulling back on protests demanding new elections that were triggered when the government-stacked Supreme Court three weeks ago gutted congress of its last vestiges of power, a move that was later reversed amid a storm of international criticism.

Protesters are angry at what they see as a government that has essentially become a dictatorship responsible for triple-digit inflation, rising crime and food shortages.

A demonstrator throws a Molotov cocktail during clashes with riot police while rallying against Maduro on Thursday. (Christian Veron/Reuters)

"Twenty days of resistance and we feel newly born," said opposition lawmaker Freddy Guevara during an evening outdoor news conference as residents looking out from balconies in an eastern Caracas neighbourhood at the heart of the protest movement cheered loudly in support.

The next planned protest is Saturday, when opponents are being asked to dress in white and march silently to commemorate the victims of the demonstration. There's also a sit-in to block major highways planned for Monday.

Mourners look at the coffin of Paola Ramirez, a student who died during a protest, in San Cristobal, Venezuela, Thursday. (Carlos Eduardo Ramirez/Reuters)

Plant seized

General Motors announced early Thursday that it was closing its operations in Venezuela after authorities seized its factory in the industrial city of Valencia, a move that could draw the Trump administration into the escalating chaos engulfing the nation.

A number of major Latin American governments, including Mexico, Argentina and Brazil, called on Venezuela to take steps to increase democratic order and halt the violence that has been swirling around the protests. Across the country, clashes have been intense as protests grow in size and fervour.

Government postponed elections

Opponents are pushing for Maduro's removal through early elections and the release of dozens of political prisoners. The government last year abruptly postponed regional elections that the opposition was heavily favoured to win, and it cut off a petition drive aimed at forcing a referendum seeking Maduro's removal before elections scheduled for late next year.

But the government hasn't backed down.

A naked demonstrator reacts amidst tear gas during clashes with police in Caracas Thursday. (Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters)

Already drawing criticism for the GM seizure, Maduro announced late Thursday that he wanted an investigation into cellphone operator Movistar for allegedly being part of the "coup-minded march" organized by his adversaries Wednesday.

That march was the largest and most dramatic the country has seen in years. He said the subsidiary of Spain's Telefonica "sent millions of messages to users every two hours" in support of Wednesday's protests.

As tensions mount, the government is using its almost-complete control of Venezuela's institutions to pursue its opponents. On Wednesday alone, 565 protesters were arrested nationwide, according to Penal Forum, a local group that provides legal assistance to detainees. It said 334 remained in jail Thursday.