UN Security Council calls for Yemen ceasefire amid unfolding 'coup'
Violence has gripped Yemen's capital, Sanaa, since Monday; has been called a coup
Shia rebels shelled the residence of Yemen's leader and swept into the nearby presidential palace Tuesday in what a top army commander said was an unfolding coup.
President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi — an important U.S. ally in the fight against al-Qaeda's powerful and highly lethal branch in Yemen — was unharmed, authorities said. But his grip on power appeared increasingly precarious.
The Shia rebels, known as Houthis, seized the capital Sanaa in September as part of a longer power struggle with Hadi and effectively govern several other cities as well.
It remained unclear whether the Houthis intend to seize power outright or allow the internationally backed Hadi to remain in office.
In a lengthy speech aired by the group's TV network, rebel leader Abdel-Malek al-Houthi said that "all options are open" and that the escalation "has no ceiling" if Hadi does not speed up implementation of a United Nations-brokered peace deal.
That deal would grant the Houthis greater power over a commission that has been assigned to draft a new constitution and outline a new federal system. Critics of the Houthis say they are using the UN deal as a pretext to seize more power.
Hadi is 'legitimate authority,' UN says
On Tuesday, after an emergency meeting, the UN Security Council called for a lasting ceasefire and condemned the violence. In a statement approved by all 15 members, the council asserted that Hadi "is the legitimate authority."
The weakening of Hadi undermines U.S. efforts to battle al-Qaeda's Yemeni branch, which claimed responsibility for the deadly attack on a satirical newspaper in Paris earlier this month.
Washington has long viewed the Yemeni branch, known as Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, as the global terror network's most dangerous affiliate.
The Houthis appear determined to redraw a 2012 road map backed by Arab Gulf states and the West that compelled then-president Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down following months of Arab Spring-inspired protests against his three-decade rule.
The Houthis' expansion into Sunni-dominated areas of the country threatens to inject an element of sectarianism into what until now has been mainly a struggle for power. Al-Qaeda, which is at war with the Houthis and Hadi's forces, stands to benefit.
The latest escalation began early Monday, when heavy fighting broke out around the presidential palace and Hadi's residence, and the Houthis seized control of state-run media. The fighting left at least nine people dead and 67 wounded, Deputy Health Minister Nasser Baoum said.
A ceasefire took effect by the end of the day following hours of negotiations, but the truce broke down Tuesday afternoon, when Hadi's residence came under heavy shelling, according to Yemeni officials.
Information Minister Nadia al-Sakkaf posted on her Twitter account that armed forces positioned on rooftops began shelling the president's house. Hadi was inside the heavily guarded residence at the time but was not harmed, officials said.
'This is a coup'
At the same time, Houthi rebels swept into the presidential palace, raiding offices and looting arms depots, according to Col. Saleh al-Jamalani, commander of the force that guards the palace.
"This is a coup. There is no other word to describe what is happening but a coup," al-Jamalani told The Associated Press, adding that the rebels were probably aided by insiders.
Presenting a starkly different narrative, the Houthis' TV network al-Maseira claimed the rebels intercepted and foiled attempts by an unspecified group to loot weapons from the palace.
In his speech, Houthi heaped scorn on Hadi and the Islamist Islah party, warning of a huge "conspiracy." He said Hadi's rule had empowered al-Qaeda's local branch and allowed corruption to spread, saying reforms require the full integration of the Houthis into the state.
Critics of the Houthis have long warned that they intend to grab power, despite the group's insistence it wants to work with its political rivals.
"What is happening now is just one more step toward consolidation of power," said Abdel-Bari Taher, a veteran Yemeni journalist.
Political analyst Maged al-Mahjai said the Houthis' assurances were meaningless in the wake of the violence, which he said would encourage the disintegration of the state.
"Sanaa has fallen completely, and Houthi is the master," he said.
He added that Hadi has effectively lost all power and that his only options are to "become a puppet or withdraw from the scene."
The main dispute between Hadi and the Houthis concerns the makeup of the 85-member commission that will draw up a new federal arrangement. Hadi has yet to appoint new members, which was one component of the UN-brokered peace deal.
The Houthis accuse Hadi of violating that deal by calling the current members of the commission to a meeting days ago. The rebels retaliated by abducting his top aide.