World·Timeline

What's happened in the 100 days since Russia invaded Ukraine

Russia's invasion of Ukraine entered its 100th day on Friday with no end in sight to the fighting that has killed thousands, uprooted millions and reduced cities to rubble.

WARNING: This story contains graphic images of death

Russia's invasion of Ukraine entered its 100th day on Friday with no end in sight to the fighting that has killed thousands, uprooted millions and reduced cities to rubble.

After abandoning its assault on the capital, Kyiv, Russia is  pressing on in the east and south in the face of mounting  sanctions and a fierce Ukrainian counter-offensive bolstered by  Western arms.

Some key events in the conflict so far:

Feb. 24

Russia invades Ukraine from three fronts in the biggest assault on a European state since World War Two. Tens of thousands flee. Russian President Vladimir Putin announces a "special military operation" to demilitarize and "de-Nazify" Ukraine. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky tweets: "Russia has  embarked on a path of evil, but Ukraine is defending itself." 

Feb. 25:

Ukrainian forces battle Russian invaders in the north, east and south. Artillery pounds Kyiv and its suburbs. 

The body of a soldier, who the Ukrainian military claim is a Russian army serviceman, lies on a road outside Kharkiv on Feb. 24. (Maksim Levin/Reuters)

March 1

A U.S. official says a miles-long Russian armoured column bearing down on Kyiv is beset by logistical problems. Russia hits a TV tower in Kyiv and intensifies its long-range bombardment of Kharkiv in the northeast and other cities, in what is seen as a shift in Moscow's tactics as its hopes of a quick charge on the capital fade. 

March 2

Russian forces start a siege of the southeastern port of Mariupol, seen as vital to Moscow's attempts to link the eastern Donbas region with Crimea, the Black Sea peninsula Russia seized in 2014. Russian troops enter the Black Sea port of Kherson, the first large urban centre captured. One million people have fled Ukraine, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 

Ukrainian refugees walk toward the Moldova border near Mayaky-Udobne, Ukraine, on Feb. 26. (Sergei Grits/The Associated Press)

March 4

Russian forces seize Zaporizhzhia nuclear power  plant, Europe's biggest. NATO rejects Ukraine's appeal for no-fly zones, saying they would escalate the conflict. 

March 8

Civilians flee the northeastern city of Sumy through the first successful humanitarian corridor. Two million have now fled Ukraine, the UNHCR says. 

March 9

Ukraine accuses Russia of bombing a maternity hospital in Mariupol, burying people in the rubble. Russia says Ukrainian fighters were occupying the building. 

Ukrainian emergency employees and volunteers carry an injured pregnant woman from a maternity hospital damaged by shelling in Mariupol on March 9. (Evgeniy Maloletka/The Associated Press)

March 13

Russia extends its war deep into western Ukraine, firing missiles at a base near the border with NATO member Poland. 

March 16

Ukraine accuses Russia of bombing a Mariupol theatre where hundreds of civilians are sheltering. Moscow denies it. 

March 25

Moscow signals a shift in focus to making gains in the east, while Ukrainian forces press to recapture towns outside Kyiv. 

A fire is seen following shelling in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 25. (Oleg Pereverzev/Reuters)

March 30

More than four million people have fled Ukraine, the UNHCR says. 

April 3, 4

Ukraine accuses Russia of war crimes after a mass grave and bodies of people shot at close range are found in the recaptured town of Bucha. The Kremlin denies responsibility and says images of bodies were staged. 

April 8

Ukraine blames Russia for a missile attack on a train station in Kramatorsk that killed at least 52 people trying to flee the looming eastern offensive. Moscow denies responsibility. 

A dead body lies on the platform in the aftermath of a rocket attack on a railway station in Kramatorsk on April 8. (Anatolii Stepanov/AFP/Getty Images)

April 14

Russia's lead warship in the Black Sea, the Moskva, sinks after what Ukraine says was a missile strike. Russia blames an ammunition explosion. 

April 18

Russia launches what Ukraine describes as the Battle of Donbas, a campaign to seize two provinces and salvage a battlefield victory. 

April 21

Putin declares Mariupol "liberated" after nearly two months of siege, but hundreds hold out inside the city's huge Azovstal steelworks. 

Russian military vehicles move in an area controlled by Russian-backed separatist forces in Mariupol on April 23. (Alexei Alexandrov/The Associated Press)

April 25, 26

Moldova's pro-Russian breakaway region of Transdniestria says blasts hit a ministry and two radio masts. It blames neighbouring Ukraine. Kyiv accuses Moscow of staging the attacks to try to widen the conflict. 

April 28

Russia fires two missiles into Kyiv during a visit by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Ukraine says. The Kremlin accuses Ukraine of attacking Russian regions near the  border. 

May 1

About 100 Ukrainian civilians are evacuated from Mariupol's ruined Azovstal steelworks, in what the United Nations says is a "safe passage operation." 

Andrii Fedorov hugs his son Makar as they reunited at a reception centre for displaced people in Zaporizhzhia, on May 2. Makar and his mother Dariia Fedora fled from Mariupol. (Francisco Seco/The Associated Press)

May 7

As many as 60 people are feared dead after a bomb strikes a village school in Bilohorivka, in Eastern Ukraine, the regional governor says. 

May 9

Putin exhorts Russians to battle in a defiant Victory Day speech, but is silent about plans for any escalation in Ukraine. 

May 10

Ukraine says its forces have recaptured villages north and northeast of Kharkiv in a counter-offensive. 

A Ukrainian soldier fires a mortar from an unknown location in Ukraine's Kharkiv region on May 9. (Serhii Nuzhnenko/Reuters)

May 12

More than six million people have fled Ukraine, the UNHCR says. 

May 14

Ukrainian forces have launched a counteroffensive near the eastern Russian-held town of Izyum, the governor says. 

May 18

Finland and Sweden apply to join NATO, a move that would lead to the expansion of the Western military alliance that Putin aimed to prevent. 

A man sweeps rubble next to a shopping and entertainment mall destroyed after a Russian missiles strike in Odessa on May 13. (Francisco Seco/The Associated Press)

May 20

Russia says the last of Ukrainian fighters holding out at Mariupol's Azovstal steelworks have surrendered. Hours earlier, Zelensky said Ukraine's military had told those inside they could get out and save their lives. 

May 21/22

Russia launches an offensive in Luhansk, one of two provinces in Donbas, focusing the attack on twin cities of Sloviansk and Severodonetsk. 

May 23

In the first war crimes trial of the conflict, a Kyiv court sentences a young Russian tank commander to life in prison for killing an unarmed civilian. 

Vadim Shishimarin, a 21-year-old Russian soldier, sits in the defendant's box on the last day of his trial on charges of war crimes for having killed a civilian at a courthouse in Kyiv on May 23. (Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images)

May 25

Putin signs a decree simplifying the process for residents of newly captured districts to acquire Russian citizenship and passports in a bid to solidify Moscow's grip on the seized territory. 

May 29

Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov calls the "liberation"of Donbas an "unconditional priority" for Moscow, while Russian forces appear close to seizing the entire Luhansk region there after days of slow but steady gains. 

May 31

Local officials say it is no longer possible to evacuate civilians trapped in Severodonetsk, where Ukrainian forces are still holding out but much of the city is under Russian control. 

A patient is carried on a stretcher to board a medical evacuation train in Pokrovsk, eastern Ukraine, on Sunday. (Francisco Seco/The Associated Press)

June 1

Russia criticizes U.S. decision to supply advanced rocket systems to Ukraine, warning it could widen the conflict and increase the risk of direct confrontation with Washington. 

June 2

Zelensky pleads for more Western arms to help Ukraine reach an "inflection point" and prevail in the war. The  European Union gives final approval to new sanctions on Russian oil and top bank Sberbank. 

June 3

Ukraine does not plan to use multiple-launch rocket systems it receives from the United States to attack facilities in Russia, a Ukrainian presidential adviser says. Britain's Defence Ministry said that on the 100th day of Russia's invasion Moscow has failed to achieve its initial objectives to seize Kyiv and centres of government but is achieving tactical success in the Donbas.

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