Transgender military service permitted for now, top U.S. general says
President Donald Trump's directive on transgender ban not yet received by defence secretary
The U.S. will continue to permit transgender individuals to serve openly in the military until Defence Secretary Jim Mattis has received President Donald Trump's "direction" to change the policy and figured out how to implement it, the nation's top military officer said Thursday.
In a memo to all military service chiefs, commanders and enlisted military leaders, Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said "there will be no modifications" to current policy for now, amid questions about Trump's announcement on Twitter that the U.S. government will not "accept or allow" transgender people to serve in any capacity in the military.
"I know there are questions about yesterday's announcement," Dunford began, adding that nothing would change until the president's direction has been received by Mattis and Mattis has issued "implementation guidance."
"In the meantime, we will continue to treat all of our personnel with respect," Dunford wrote. "As importantly, given the current fight and the challenges we face, we will all remain focused on accomplishing our assigned missions."
The Dunford statement suggests that Mattis was given no presidential direction on changing the transgender policy. Mattis has been away on vacation this week and has been publicly silent amid questions about whether he favours Trump's announced ban.
Dunford himself was not aware that Trump was going to announce a transgender service ban on Wednesday, a U.S. official said. The official was not authorized to discuss the matter and so spoke on condition of anonymity.
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Trump's announcement caught the Pentagon flat-footed and unable to explain what it called Trump's "guidance." His proclamation, on Twitter rather than any formal announcement, drew bipartisan denunciations and threw currently serving transgender soldiers into limbo.
"Please be advised that the United States Government will not accept or allow Transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military," the commander-in-chief tweeted.
Trump wrote that he had consulted with "my generals and military experts," but he did not mention Mattis, the retired marine general who less than one month ago told the military service chiefs to spend another six months weighing the costs and benefits of allowing transgender individuals to enlist. At the time, Mattis said this "does not presuppose the outcome of the review," but Trump's tweets appeared to have done just that.
The Pentagon has refused to release any data on the number of transgender people currently serving. A Rand Corp. study has estimated the number at between 1,320 and 6,630 out of 1.3 million active-duty troops.
U.S. army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Milley also said he had no knowledge of a policy change prior to Trump's tweet, but that he wouldn't expect to hear from the president directly.
Until he receives "implementation guidance" through the chain of command, said Milley, there is no policy change.
"The entire chain of command will, always has, will today, will tomorrow and always should treat every single soldier, sailor, airmen, marine, coast guard with dignity and respect for their service and the cloth of our nation. Bar none! So that's where we stand as of today."
At a White House news briefing Thursday afternoon, press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders was asked if the president was aware he can't make policy changes using statements on Twitter.
Sanders said the White House will work with the Department of Defence and "all of the relevant parties" to bring the policy into effect.
"They are going to have to work out the details on how that all moves forward to lawfully implement that policy change from this point," said Sanders.
Trump's action 'weakens' military
Criticism for Trump's action was immediate and strong from both political parties.
His action is "harmful, misguided and weakens, not strengthens our military," said Democratic Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand of New York.
John McCain, the Arizona Republican and Vietnam War hero, said Trump was simply wrong.
"Any American who meets current medical and readiness standards should be allowed to continue serving," he said. "There is no reason to force service members who are able to fight, train and deploy to leave the military — regardless of their gender identity."
Not everyone at the Capitol agreed.
Rep. Duncan Hunter, a Republican member of the House armed services committee, said, "The president's decision was the absolute right decision.... It's about time that a decision is made to restore the warrior culture and allow the U.S. military to get back to business."
'Everybody is scared'
Transgender people already in uniform were concerned about what comes next.
"Everybody is hurt, everybody is scared," said Rudy Akbarian, 26, who is in the military but did not want to identify his branch.
Akbarian, who said his chain of command was supportive as he transitioned, said his time to re-enlist is coming up and he might stay to ensure there is a strong voice for transgender troops.
Navy Capt. Jeff Davis, a Pentagon spokesperson, said the Defence Department was working with the White House to "address the new guidance" from Trump. That suggested there is not yet any new written policy or executive order.
After consultation with my Generals and military experts, please be advised that the United States Government will not accept or allow......—@realDonaldTrump
....Transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military. Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming.....—@realDonaldTrump
....victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail. Thank you—@realDonaldTrump
Trump's sudden declaration appears to halt a decades-long trend toward more inclusive policies on military service, including the repeal in 2010 of a ban on gays serving openly. President Bill Clinton in 1993 began the push to allow gays to serve. In December 2015, President Barack Obama's Pentagon chief, Ash Carter, announced that all military positions would be open to women. Liberalizing policy on transgender troops was the next step.
Just last week, when asked about the transgender issue at a Senate hearing, Gen. Paul Selva, vice-chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said, "I am an advocate of every qualified person who can meet the physical standards to serve in our uniformed services to be able to do so." He mentioned no opposition among service chiefs to allowing transgender service.
Transgender service members have been able to serve openly since 2016, when Carter ended the ban. Since Oct. 1, transgender troops could receive medical care and start changing their gender identifications in the Pentagon's personnel system.
Carter also gave the services until July 1 to develop policies to allow people already identifying as transgender to join the military if they meet normal standards and have been stable in their identified genders for 18 months.
Costly transition-related health care
On June 30, Mattis extended the July 1 deadline to next Jan. 1, saying the services should study the impact on the "readiness and lethality of our forces."
In his series of tweets, Trump said allowing transgender troops to serve is an unacceptable burden on the military's ability to fight and win wars.
"Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail," he wrote.
The Rand Corp., a federally funded think-tank, has estimated that extending gender transition-related health-care coverage to transgender personnel would cost the military $2.4 million to $8.4 million US a year, out of a yearly Pentagon budget of more than $600 billion.
White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Trump had made "a military decision." She said it was his judgment that allowing transgender service "erodes military readiness and unit cohesion."
Sanders said the "president's national security team was part of this consultation" and that Trump "informed" Mattis of his decision immediately after he made it on Tuesday.