Turkey-Dutch relations strained after Turkish minister's visit banned

A diplomatic squabble is escalating between the Netherlands and Turkey, with the Dutch government denying entry to Turkey's foreign minister, saying his plans to campaign in Rotterdam on behalf of his president threatens public order and security.

Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu prevented from holding referendum campaign rally in Rotterdam

Mounted police block the road leading to the Turkish consul's residence in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on Saturday. (Peter Dejong/Associated Press)

Turkey and the Netherlands sharply escalated a dispute between the two NATO allies on Saturday as the Dutch blocked a campaign visit by the Turkish foreign minister, prompting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to call them "fascists."

The Netherlands withdrew the landing permission for Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu because of objections to his intention to rally in Rotterdam for a Turkish referendum on constitutional reforms to expand presidential powers, which the Dutch see as a step backward from democracy.

Cavusoglu has since landed in France ahead of a planned speech in the northeastern city of Metz on Sunday.

Meanwhile, reports say that Dutch police stopped the convoy of Turkey's Family Minister Fatma Betul Sayan Kaya at the country's border on Saturday. 

"They do not know politics or international diplomacy," Erdogan told a rally earlier in Istanbul. "These Nazi remnants, they are fascists," he added, as the crowd booed.

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte called it "a crazy remark, of course. But I understand they are angry but this is, of course, way out of line."

Hints that Turkey will retaliate

Erdogan told a rally in Istanbul: "You can stop our foreign minister's plane all you want, let's see how your [diplomatic] planes will come to Turkey from now on." Cavusoglu also referred to possible sanctions, and Rutte said consultations under such threats were impossible, forcing him to bar the visit.

The government said it withdrew the permission because of "risks to public order and security," causing Cavusoglu to say: "so is the foreign minister of the Turkish republic a terrorist?"

He added that "we will give them the response they deserve."

Cavusoglu, who was speaking at Istanbul's airport, didn't say where his next European destination was. French authorities say he's scheduled to travel to the northeastern city of Metz on Sunday.

Around 100 people marched in Istanbul to protest the Dutch decision, with demonstrators placing a black wreath in front of the Dutch Consulate amid a heavy police presence.

Turkish officials have been campaigning in various European cities before the April 16 referendum.

Protests in both countries

Around 100 pro-Turkey demonstrators gathered with flags outside the Turkish Consulate in Rotterdam at dusk local time in a peaceful protest.

The crowd stood near the consulate's entrance, and Rotterdam police put up railings to keep anyone from getting too close.

In Istanbul, around 100 people marched in protest of the Dutch decision; demonstrators placed a black wreath in front of the Dutch Consulate amid a heavy police presence.

Other countries ban Turkish referendum rallies

Authorities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland have also banned Turkish campaign events in the escalating dispute.

The state-run Anadolu news agency said the Family and Social Policies Minister decided to go to Rotterdam via road from Germany, but police closed off the road in front of the Turkish consul-general's residency. Dutch authorities couldn't immediately confirm the information.

The diplomatic row comes at a time when relations between Turkey and the European Union, of which the Netherlands is a member, have been steadily worsening, especially in the wake of Erdogan's actions since last year's failed coup.

More than 41,000 people have been arrested and 100,000 civil servants fired from their jobs.

Cavusoglu said that "unfortunately Europe and several countries in Europe, the Netherlands being in the first place, they are reminiscent of the Europe of World War II. The same racism, Islamophobia, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, we see all the crimes against humanity in today's politics."

The dispute also comes just days before the Netherlands goes to the polls in a March 15 election for the lower house of Parliament. The campaign has been dominated by issues of identity, with anti-Islam lawmaker Geert Wilders set to make strong gains.

After Wilders accused the government of a weak response to Turkish plans to send ministers to the Netherlands to campaign, he insisted it was his pressure which made the difference.

"Great! Thanks to heavy PVV- pressure a few days before the Dutch elections our government did NOT allow the Turkish minister to land here!!," he said in a Twitter message, referring to his Party for Freedom. He later added "I am tell all Turks in the Netherlands that agree with Erdogan: GO to Turkey and NEVER come back!!."

Earlier Saturday, Cavusoglu said "Wilders is racist, fascist, Nazi, like a Nazi." Citing comments that Wilders wanted action against Muslims, Cavusoglu said: "What are you going to do? Are you going to kill them, burn them or what?"

The Dutch government said it does not object to meetings in the Netherlands to give information about the Turkish referendum, "but these meetings should not add to tensions in our society and everybody who wants to organize a meeting must adhere to instructions from authorities so that public order and security can be guaranteed."

It said the Turkish government "does not want to respect the rules in this matter."

With files from Reuters