Trump confirms he'd like to send asylum seekers to sanctuary cities
Acting ICE director admits proposal put forth by White House, but denies he was pressured about it
U.S. President Donald Trump said Friday he is considering sending "illegal immigrants" to Democratic strongholds — just hours after White House and Homeland Security officials said the idea had been discussed and quickly rejected.
"Due to the fact that Democrats are unwilling to change our very dangerous immigration laws, we are indeed, as reported, giving strong considerations to placing Illegal Immigrants in Sanctuary Cities only," Trump tweeted.
"The Radical Left always seems to have an Open Borders, Open Arms policy — so this should make them very happy!"
Trump's tweets came as critics were criticizing news that the White House had at least twice considered a plan to release detained immigrants into so-called sanctuary cities. Critics branded the plan, supposedly rejected, as an effort to use migrants as pawns to go after political opponents.
Sanctuary cities are places where local authorities do not co-operate with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials, denying information or resources that would help ICE round up for deportation people living in the country illegally.
They include New York City, as well as San Francisco, home city of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who on Friday called the idea "unworthy of the presidency of the United States and disrespectful of the challenges that we face as a country, as a people, to address who we are — a nation of immigrants."
A host of Democrats including California Rep. Adam Schiff and presidential candidate Sen. Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota voiced their condemnation of such a plan.
The No. 2 House Democrat, StenyHoyer of Maryland, criticized the idea of using ICE or any other federal agency "to penalize," or "for political reasons."
"That's not the act of a democratic government," he said.
The idea of pressing immigration authorities to embrace the plan was discussed in November, and then again in February, as the Trump administration struggled with a surge of migrants at the border, according to people who spoke on condition of anonymity to outline private conversations. Department of Homeland Security lawyers quickly rejected the proposal, according to the people, and it was dropped.
Power corrupts, and absolute power results in dangerously hare-brained schemes like this one, in which people fleeing violence are cynically used as political pawns. <a href="https://t.co/uwE26FEwIW">https://t.co/uwE26FEwIW</a>—@RepAdamSchiff
It's also not clear such a plan would pass legal muster. Many of the administration's plans regarding asylum seekers have quickly been challenged in the courts as not legal or constitutional, including banning those who cross between ports of entry from claiming asylum at all, as well as a plan to have ever-increasing numbers wait in Mexico before their date in immigration court, which can take months or even years.
Officials downplayed idea
The sanctuary city plan, which was first reported by the Washington Post, is one of many ideas considered by an increasingly frustrated White House in recent months as Trump has railed against the growing number of Central American migrant families crossing the southern border. Officials say they are running out of options, and have proposed and recycled numerous ideas that have never come to fruition.
Trump in recent weeks has discussed the idea of renewing his administration's controversial family separation policy. And he and aides are weighing forcing asylum-seeking families to choose between being detained together as their cases make their way through the courts or sending their children to government-run shelters.
Previous congressional hearings have painted a picture of confusion and chaos at the border over separations, with myriad agencies with a stake in the process — including Homeland Security and the Department of Health and Human Services — not properly tracking who had been separated, nor instituting a process for how to eventually reunite them. It raises questions as to whether the administration, operationally, would even be able to handle the flow of migrants to sanctuary cities.
Transporting large groups of immigrants to distant cities would be expensive and burdensome for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which is already strapped for cash. The agency has said it doesn't have the resources for immigrants processed by the Border Patrol and Border Patrol in most southern border sectors and is now instead releasing families after a health screening and criminal background check, leaving local nonprofits to help them make travel arrangements.
Flights chartered by ICE cost about $7,785 US per flight hour, according to the agency. They require multiple staffers, including an officer who coordinates, several others who fly and monitor passengers and an in-flight medical professional. The agency also uses commercial flights but requires that migrants to pay for those. It's unclear if that would be the case for families, who usually arrive with no money and rely on relatives already in the U.S. to pay for transportation.
At least two versions of the sanctuary-city plan were considered, according to one of the people familiar with the effort. One would have moved people who had already been detailed and were being held elsewhere to places with Democratic opponents of the president, while the other would have transported migrants apprehended at the border directly to San Francisco, New York City, Chicago and other spots.
A Homeland Security spokesperson played down the reported idea, saying it was "floated and rejected, which ended any further discussion."
A White House official echoed that language.
Former ICE deputy director Matt Albence — who once likened migrant detention centres to "summer camp," and who on Friday was announced as the agency's acting director — denied that the White House pressured immigration officials to implement the idea.
"I was asked my opinion and provided it, and my advice was heeded," he said in a statement.
The Department of Health and Human Services said this week it had started scouting vacant properties that could be turned into facilities for holding migrant children in several cities, including Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, Phoenix, Ariz., and San Antonio, Texas.
Those facilities would be licensed by each state and likely take several months to be approved and opened, separating them from the rapidly expanding emergency shelter at Homestead, Fla., and the now-closed tent facility at Tornillo, Texas.
ICE apprehensions on the rise
The Defense Department has also been reviewing a number of military bases to find a location that can house up to 5,000 unaccompanied migrant children as the U.S. braces for a surge of people crossing the U.S.-Mexico border this spring. Health and Human Services (HHS) submitted the request for space last month, as Homeland Security leaders warned that tens of thousands of families were crossing the border each month. HHS has traditionally been responsible for providing temporary shelter to unaccompanied migrant children crossing the border.
ICE is tasked with arresting people living in the country illegally — including some who have been here for decades. Under the Trump administration, ICE has significantly stepped up arrests, including of people who have no U.S. criminal records.
In response, some cities have banished ICE from jails where agents could easily pick up immigration violators. Police in New York, Baltimore and Seattle, Wash., rarely, if ever, disclose information about when suspected criminals in the U.S. illegally will be released from custody.
During his tenure at the Justice Department, Trump's former attorney general Jeff Sessions went after sanctuary cities, threatening to cut off their federal funding.
ICE arrested 32,977 people accused of crimes and 20,464 for immigration violations during the budget year 2018. There were 105,140 arrests of people with criminal convictions and 158,581 arrests overall. The most frequent criminal conviction was for drunk driving, followed by drug and traffic offences.
By comparison, in the last budget year of the Obama administration, there were 94,751 people arrested with convictions, 6,267 arrests of those with pending charges and 9,086 on immigration violations. There were 111,104 arrests overall.
With files from CBC News