Countries move too slowly against corruption, watchdog group says
Canada ranks 8th-best in Transparency International's annual report
Corruption continues to be a global problem and the majority of countries are moving too slowly in their efforts to combat it, a watchdog group said Wednesday.
Transparency International said its 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index "reveals some disturbing information."
"Despite attempts to combat corruption around the world, the majority of countries are moving too slowly in their efforts," the Berlin-based organization said. "While stemming the tide against corruption takes time, in the last six years many countries have still made little to no progress."
Transparency ranks 180 countries and territories by perceived levels of public sector corruption where zero is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. It relies upon 13 expert data sources, including assessments from the World Bank, the African Development Bank and the World Economic Forum, to determine levels of bribery, diversion of public funds, use of public office for private gain and other issues of corruption.
Canada was tied for 8th spot with the Netherlands, Britain and Luxembourg with a score of 82.
The best performing region was Western Europe with an average score of 66, while the worst performing region was sub-Saharan Africa with an average of 32, followed closely by Eastern Europe and Central Asia with an average of 34. The global average was 43.
New Zealand and Denmark topped the list at 89 and 88, respectively, with Somalia — which has ranked at the very bottom in the index every year this decade — last with a score of nine.
South Sudan with 12, Syria with 14 and Afghanistan with 15 were the next lowest, as the bottom 10 was comprised of familiar entries as the previous year, including Yemen, Libya, Venezuela, Iraq and Guinea-Bissau. North Korea made a very modest improvement of four spots, but still ranked in the bottom 10.
Britain was cited as one of the most improved over the past six years, raising its score by eight points since 2012 to 82. The United States was tied in 16th place, along with Austria and Belgium, with a score of 75.
Greece, Belarus seen as improving
Other large increases since 2012 were seen in Greece, which rose 12 points to a score of 48 to put it in 59th place this year, Belarus which rose 13 points for a score of 44 and 68th place, and Myanmar which rose 15 points for a score of 30 and 130th place.
Australia fell eight points since 2012 and is now ranked in 13th place with 77 points, tied with Hong Kong and Iceland. Other large declines since 2012 included Syria, which dropped 12 points, Bahrain, which dropped 15, and St. Lucia, which dropped 16.
Incorporating data from the Committee to Protect Journalists, Transparency said it found that journalists were in particular danger in corrupt nations.
Over the last six years, more than nine of 10 journalists were killed in countries that scored lower than 45 on the index, and one in five journalists who died was covering a story about corruption.
Looking at data from the World Justice Project, Transparency said it found that most countries that score low for civil liberties also tend to score high for corruption.
"Smear campaigns, harassment, lawsuits and bureaucratic red tape are all tools used by certain governments in an effort to quiet those who drive anti-corruption efforts," said Patricia Moreira, Transparency's managing director.