Theresa May in Northern Ireland to win over DUP again, this time on Brexit plans

British Prime Minister Theresa May denied "shafting" Northern Ireland in a visit to the province after she said she would seek changes to the Irish "backstop" border arrangements to secure support for her withdrawal agreement with the European Union.

U.K. set to leave EU on March 29, but backstop agreement still a major issue

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May speaks with business representatives in Belfast as part of a trip to Northern Ireland to try and assuage British citizens there that a hard border would not result from exiting the European Union. (Liam McBurney/PA via AP)

British Prime Minister Theresa May denied "shafting" Northern Ireland in a visit to the province after she said she would seek changes to the Irish "backstop" border arrangements to secure support for her withdrawal agreement with the European Union.

May, at a speech in Belfast Tuesday, was asked by a local reporter why business should believe her commitment to avoiding a hard border between the province and the republic when they may feel "betrayed and shafted" over her approach to the so-called backstop.

"There is no suggestion that we are not going to ensure that in the future there is provision ... that ensures that ... we deliver no hard border," she said in response. 

May was in Northern Ireland to reassure communities that she can deliver an orderly Brexit that will ensure peace in a province that was riven by three decades of sectarian conflict until a 1998 accord.

The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), the Northern Irish group of 10 MPs that props up May's minority government, has asked that the European Union replace the "toxic" Irish border backstop she agreed to so the United Kingdom can quit the bloc in an orderly fashion.

With the United Kingdom due to leave the EU in just 52 days, London and Brussels are arguing over whether the deal clinched in November can be changed, raising the possibility of a delay to Brexit, a last-minute deal or a no-deal exit.

May, Foster to meet on Wednesday

Since British lawmakers voted down the withdrawal agreement last month, Parliament has instructed May to replace its most contentious element — an insurance policy covering the possible future arrangements for the border in Ireland.

The DUP which has propped up May's government through a confidence-and-supply arrangement they reached since she lost her parliamentary majority in a 2017 snap election, said it wanted to get an agreed deal, but made it clear the border backstop had to be replaced.

"The current backstop, as I have said all along, is toxic to those of us living in Northern Ireland," DUP Leader Arlene Foster, who will meet May in Belfast on Wednesday, told BBC Radio.

Democratic Unionist Leader Arlene Foster, right, seen with Theresa May in July, says the current backstop plan in the event of Britain's exit from the European Union is 'toxic.' (Clodagh Kilcoyne/Reuters)

Foster laced her rhetoric with a call for a solution that would work for all sides, and refused to say whether the deal would have to be renegotiated or whether she would accept legally binding assurances.

"If the backstop is dealt with in the withdrawal agreement then, despite the fact we may have misgivings around other parts of the withdrawal agreement, we will support the prime minister because we do want Brexit to happen in an orderly and sustained fashion," she said.

Britain, Ireland and the EU want to avoid physical checks on the border between Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland that ceased with the 1998 Good Friday Agreement.

Ireland opposes hard border

Where British soldiers once manned checkpoints in a reminder of Ireland's division, the border is open and frictionless with no controls as both the United Kingdom and Ireland are part of the EU.

But when the U.K. leaves the EU's Single Market and Customs Union, the EU does not want the 500-kilometre border to become a back door into the bloc without customs and regulatory checks.

As a way to prevent a hard border, Brussels and London agreed to a so-called backstop — basically a promise that unless the sides come up with a better idea, then the United Kingdom would remain bound by EU market and customs rules so that goods would not have to be checked.

For many lawmakers in Britain, the backstop is by far the most contentious part of the rejected deal. The DUP say it could endanger Northern Ireland's place in the U.K., while Conservative Brexiteers fear being locked into EU rules long term.

The European Union will not renegotiate the divorce deal and the Irish backstop, but alternatives could be worked on after Britain leaves, chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier said on Monday.

The Irish government insists it will not countenance making contingency plans for the return of a hard border on the island, complete with customs checks, if Britain leaves the EU on March 29 without a deal.

May will meet European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and then European Council President Donald Tusk in Brussels on Thursday.

Sinn Fein Leader Mary Lou McDonald, centre, Martina Anderson, left, and Michelle O'Neil, right, knock down a 'mock' wall on the Northern Ireland/Republic of Ireland border, near Newry on Jan. 26. Protesters angered at the prospect of a hard Brexit built a mock wall across part of the Irish border in a demonstration against future border checks. (Peter Morrison/Associated Press)

"From a political point of view, there is still time," German Chancellor Angela Merkel told a conference in Tokyo.

"That should be used, used by all sides. But for this it would be very important to know what exactly the British side envisages in terms of its relationship with the EU," she said.

As Brussels waits for Britain to set out its plans, diplomats and officials in the rest of the EU are increasingly expecting a delay to Brexit.

"It could only be a few weeks, until late May or early July. And not that we know that it would get us anywhere. But it would buy us some time," an EU diplomat dealing with Brexit said.


  • A previous version of this story said the Irish government opposes the backstop. The Irish government, in fact, opposes the reimposition of a hard border with the U.K. The backstop is intended to prevent that.
    Feb 05, 2019 7:07 PM ET


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