'Full of all kinds of explosives': Sweep of Baghouz, former ISIS enclave, begins

U.S-backed Syrian fighters are clearing explosives from a village formerly held by ISIS militants in eastern Syria, following an intense battle that began in early February.

Syrian driver working with NBC News reporters killed by explosive device in house

A member of the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) stands guard as trucks loaded with displaced people leave Baghouz in eastern Syria on Feb. 20. (Murtaja Lateef/EPA-EFE)

U.S.-backed Syrian fighters were clearing explosives Sunday in the last area retaken from the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a day after declaring military victory over the extremist group, marking an end to their self-styled caliphate.

A spokesperson for the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), who goes by the nom de guerre Mervan the Brave, said Baghouz, the village where the militants made their final stand, is "full of all kinds of explosives." SDF forces were clearing the area and have detonated land mines and suicide belts the militants left behind, he said.

A Syrian driver working with NBC reporters was killed Saturday by an explosive device that went off in a house used as an SDF command post and a media centre for journalists covering the fighting in Baghouz.

Noah Oppenheim, the president of NBC News, said in a statement that network employees escaped unharmed. He expressed "deepest sympathies" to the driver's family and loved ones.

"We are still gathering information from today's events, and are in touch with the driver's family to support them however we can," he said. It was not immediately clear what caused the explosion.

Seized ISIS weapons that were found in the last stronghold of the extremist group are displayed at an SDF base on March 22, outside Al Mayadin, Syria. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

The victory announced in Baghouz on Saturday marks the end of a devastating five-year campaign by an array of forces to retake territories held by ISIS in Syria and Iraq. At its height, ISIS controlled a sprawling self-declared caliphate the size of Britain that was home to some eight million people. The campaign against the group came at a staggering cost, with entire neighbourhoods and towns destroyed across a swath of Syria and Iraq.

Unknown numbers of fighters and supporters are believed to have gone underground, and the group has continued to carry out insurgent attacks in areas that were liberated months or even years ago.

It's not known whether the group's leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is still alive or where he might be hiding.

"This is an historic moment, but we cannot be complacent," tweeted Maj. Gen. Christopher Ghika, the deputy commander of the U.S.-led coalition against ISIS.

"Even without territory, Daesh will continue to pose a threat to the people of Iraq and Syria, as well as to the wider world. The coalition must remain firm in its determination to counter Daesh," he said, referring to the extremist group by its Arabic acronym.

Thousands of people, including ISIS fighters and their family members, left Baghouz in recent weeks and were taken to detention centres and camps for the displaced elsewhere in eastern Syria. The militants were holding hostages and had detained civilians, whose fate remains unknown.