Biden declares democracy 'unbowed and unbroken' in state of the union address

U.S. President Joe Biden called on Republicans in his state of the union address Tuesday night to work with him to "finish the job" of rebuilding the economy and uniting the nation as he sought to overcome pessimism in the country and navigate political divisions in Washington.

U.S. President Joe Biden's 2nd state of the union delivered to raucous, divided Congress

White haired man makes a fist as he speaks before an American flag
U.S. President Joe Biden declared democracy 'unbroken' as he delivered his second state of the union address. ( Jacquelyn Martin/Reuters)

U.S. President Joe Biden called on Republicans in his state of the union address Tuesday night to work with him to "finish the job" of rebuilding the economy and uniting the nation as he seeks to overcome pessimism in the country and navigate political divisions in Washington.

The backdrop of the annual address was markedly different from the previous two years, with a Republican speaker sitting behind Biden and Republican lawmakers in the audience preparing to scrutinize both his administration and his policies.

But Biden sought to portray a nation dramatically different in positive ways from the one he took charge of two years ago: from a reeling economy to one prosperous with new jobs; from a crippled, pandemic-weary nation to one that has now opened up and a democracy that has survived its biggest test since the Civil War.

"The story of America is a story of progress and resilience. Of always moving forward. Of never giving up. A story that is unique among all nations," Biden said. "We are the only country that has emerged from every crisis stronger than when we entered it. That is what we are doing again.

"We're not finished yet by any stretch of the imagination."

Biden aims to 'unite the country' 

Biden sought to reassure the nation that his stewardship of the country has delivered results both at home and abroad, as he also set out to prove his fitness for a likely re-election bid.

But the challenges for Biden are many: economic uncertainty, a wearying war in Ukraine and growing tensions with China. And signs of the past trauma at the U.S. Capitol, most notably the Jan. 6, 2021 insurrection, were unavoidable, with a large fence encircling the complex as lawmakers and those in attendance faced tighter-than-usual security measures.

From the start, the partisan divisions were clear. Democrats — including Vice-President Kamala Harris — jumped to applause as Biden began his speech. New Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy, though he greeted the president warmly when he entered the chamber, stayed in his seat.

Black haired woman and white haired man stand in front of an American flag in Congress
U.S. Vice-President Kamala Harris and Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy talk before U.S. President Joe Biden delivers the state of the union address. (Jacquelyn Martin/The Associated Press)

Rather than rolling out flashy policy proposals, the president set out to offer a reassuring assessment of the nation's condition, declaring that two years after the Capitol attack, America's democracy was "unbowed and unbroken."

"The people sent us a clear message. Fighting for the sake of fighting, power for the sake of power, conflict for the sake of conflict, gets us nowhere," Biden said. "And that's always been my vision for the country: to restore the soul of the nation, to rebuild the backbone of America — the middle class — to unite the country.

"We've been sent here to finish the job!"

Acknowledging tensions between parties 

Biden was shifting his sights after spending his first two years pushing through major bills such as the bipartisan infrastructure package, legislation to promote high-tech manufacturing and climate measures. With Republicans now in control of the House, he is turning his focus to implementing those massive laws and making sure voters credit him for the improvements.

Biden, not known for his oratory, appeared relaxed and confident as he delivered his address. He casually ad-libbed remarks, fed off the responses from Democratic lawmakers who frequently stood up with thunderous ovations and playfully engaged with his Republican critics.

Addressing Republicans who voted against the big bipartisan infrastructure law, Biden said he'd still ensure their pet projects received federal support.

"I promised to be the president for all Americans," he said. "We'll fund these projects. And I'll see you at the ground-breaking."

The switch is largely by necessity. The newly empowered Republican Party is itching to undo many of Biden's achievements and vowing to pursue a multitude of investigations — including looking into the recent discoveries of classified documents from his time as vice-president at his home and former office.

Heckles and jeers

Though he pledged bipartisanship where possible, Biden also underscored the sharp tensions that exist between him and House Republicans: He discussed Republican efforts to repeal the Democrats' 2022 climate change and health-care laws and their reluctance to increase the federal debt limit, the nation's legal borrowing authority that must be raised later this year or risk default.

Stressing that the "full faith and credit of the United States of America will never, ever be questioned," Biden accused congressional Republicans of threatening to hold the U.S. economy hostage to their policy demands. He was loudly heckled in response several times. 

Blong woman in white coat holds her hands to her mouth as she calls out during the speech.
U.S. Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene yells at Biden during the state of the union. (Evelyn Hockstein/Reuters)

The loudest Republican jeers came when Biden accused Republicans of planning to cut Social Security and Medicare, which some members of the party have suggested but whom Biden said he would not name.

"Liar!" shouted Republican U.S. Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene.

"We never said that!" said Byron Donalds, another House Republican.

Biden, who seemed to be on the brink of losing control of the room, seized on the apparent Republican lawmakers' support for the popular old age and healthcare programs, to say: "I enjoy conversion."

"We got unanimity," he continued. "Social Security and Medicare are a lifeline for millions of seniors. Americans have to pay into them from the very first paycheck they started. So tonight, so we all agree, and apparently we are, let's stand up for seniors."

"Stand up and show them! We will not cut Social Security!" a gleeful-looking Biden said amid cheers as lawmakers from both parties stood.

WATCH | Biden heckled as he appeals to Republicans to raise the debt ceiling: 

Biden calls for lifting of the debt ceiling

2 months ago
Duration 4:15
U.S. President Joe Biden used the state of the union to call on the U.S. Congress to lift the debt ceiling, calling out the Republicans for wanting to 'take the economy hostage,' eliciting jeers and heckling in return.

Biden was speaking at a time when just a quarter of U.S. adults say things in the country are headed in the right direction, according to a new poll by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research. About three-quarters say the country is on the wrong track. And a majority of Democrats don't want Biden to seek another term. 

He sought to confront those sentiments head on.

"You wonder whether a path even exists anymore for you and your children to get ahead without moving away, I get it," Biden said. "That's why we're building an economy where no one is left behind. Jobs are coming back, pride is coming back because of the choices we made in the last two years."

Arkansas Gov. Sarah Huckabee Sanders, who gained a national profile as Trump's press secretary, delivered the Republican response to Biden's speech, focusing much of her remarks on social issues, including race in business and education and alleged big-tech censorship of conservatives.

"In the radical left's America, Washington taxes you and lights your hard-earned money on fire. But you get crushed with high gas prices, empty grocery shelves and our children are taught to hate one another on account of their race," she said.

"The Biden administration seems more interested in woke fantasies than the hard reality Americans face every day," she added. "Most Americans simply want to live their lives in freedom and peace, but we are under attack in a left-wing culture war we didn't start and never wanted to fight."

Woman with long dark hair wearing a pearl necklace.
Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the newly sworn-in governor of Arkansas, delivered the Republican response to Biden's speech. (Leah Millis/Reuters)

Tyre Nichols's family among guests

With COVID-19 restrictions now lifted, the White House and legislators from both parties invited guests to the address designed to drive home political messages with their presence in the House chamber. 

The parents of Tyre Nichols, who was severely beaten by police officers in Memphis and later died, are among those who were seated with first lady Jill Biden.

"There are no words to describe the heartbreak and grief of losing a child," Biden said after introducing RowVaughn and Rodney Wells to a standing ovation. "But imagine what it's like to lose a child at the hands of the law."

The president described the difficult conversation Black parents have to have with their kids about police at a young age. "Most of us here have never had to have 'the talk,'" Biden said. "Let's come together and finish the job on police reform."

Mothers, fathers and loved ones of victims of police violence were invited as guests of the Congressional Black Caucus and the first lady to put pressure on Washington to address the issue of policing.

WATCH | An emotional call for police reform: 

Biden calls for police reform as Tyre Nichols's parents look on

2 months ago
Duration 5:38
With the parents of Tyre Nichols looking on, U.S. President Joe Biden used the state of the union address to make an emotional plea for police and gun reform. Nichols died three days after he was violently beaten by police in January.

Nod to the Chinese balloon

The speech came just days after Biden ordered the military to shoot down a suspected Chinese spy balloon that flew brazenly across the country, captivating the nation and serving as a reminder of tense relations between the two global powers.

"Make no mistake: as we made clear last week, if China's threatens our sovereignty, we will act to protect our country," Biden said. "And we did."

Last year's address occurred just days after Russia launched its invasion of Ukraine and as many in the West doubted Kyiv's ability to withstand the onslaught. Over the past year, the U.S. and other allies, including Canada, have sent tens of billions of dollars in military and economic assistance to bolster Ukraine's defences. Now, Biden must make the case — both at home and abroad — for sustaining that coalition as the war drags on.

Biden called the invasion was "a test for the ages. A test for America. A test for the world." 

With fles from Reuters and CBC News