Thailand moves closer to legalizing same-sex marriage

Lawmakers in Thailand pass four bills that will provide same-sex partners with almost the same legal rights as heterosexual couples. Activist say there's a long road ahead.

Thai lawmakers pass 4 bills bringing country closer to legalized same-sex marriage

Revelers from Thailand walk the streets of downtown Toronto as part of the Pride parade. Thailand's lawmakers have moved the country closer to legalized same-sex marriage. (David Donnelly/CBC)

Lawmakers in Thailand on Wednesday passed at first reading four different bills on same-sex unions, moving a step closer toward becoming the second territory in Asia to legalize same-sex marriages.

Thailand has one of Asia's most open and visible lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities, adding to its image of tolerance and attraction as a liberal holiday destination for foreign tourists.

The four drafts approved on Wednesday each seek to provide same-sex partners with almost the same legal rights as heterosexual couples.

The cabinet endorsed two last week that would create a same-sex civil partnership law. Another civil partnership bill from the Democrat Party was also approved.

A more liberal equal marriage bill from the opposition Move Forward party also passed, despite efforts by government whips to vote it down. That draft seeks to replace gendered terms in existing laws and make marriage applicable to all people.

"This is a very good sign," Chumaporn "Waddao" Taengkliang, of the Rainbow Coalition for Marriage Equality, said in reference to the approval of the bills.

Activists concerned

Thai LGBT activists have criticized the two government-backed bills, arguing there is no need for a special law for same-sex couples, just amendments to make existing laws more inclusive.

But activists say Thai laws and institutions have yet to reflect changing social attitudes and still discriminate against LGBT people and same-sex couples. 

"There should be the same standard for all genders, whether it's a civil union or marriage."

So far in Asia, only Taiwan has legalized same-sex unions.

Amber and Huan Huan kiss during a wedding event a day after Taiwan's parliament voted to legalize same-sex marriage, on May 18, 2019. Thailand is hoping to join Taiwan as Asian countries where same-sex marriage is legalized. (Carl Court/Getty Images)

The Constitutional Court last year ruled Thailand's current marriage law, which only recognizes heterosexual couples, was constitutional, but recommended legislation be expanded to ensure rights of other genders.

The bills' passage follows last week's first official pride parade in Thailand, where thousands waved rainbow flags and called for liberal reforms.

The four bills will be deliberated by a 25-member committee, which will decide whether to send any of those, or a consolidated draft, to the house for two more readings.