Putin scoffs at question over Russian interference into foreign elections, discusses Syria with Trump
Angela Merkel presses Russian leader on humane treatment of gays in Chechnya
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, on a rare visit to Russia, said that Berlin and Moscow had to keep talking despite their disagreements, but those same differences overshadowed her talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday.
At a news conference following a meeting in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi, diverging positions were aired over Syria, Ukraine, Russian respect for civil rights, and allegations Moscow is interfering in other countries' elections.
Their body language suggested tensions: their facial expressions as they spoke to reporters were stern, and the two leaders barely looked at each other.
"I am always of the view that even if there are serious differences of opinion in some areas, talks must continue," Merkel said. "You must carry on, because otherwise you fall into silence and there is less and less understanding."
Merkel was making her first bilateral visit to Russia since Moscow annexed Ukraine's Crimea peninsula in 2014, a move that set off the worst confrontation between Moscow and the West since the Cold War. Since Germany is holder of the rotating presidency of the G20 group of leading nations this year, Merkel has been meeting key members in preparation for a summit.
- THE CURRENT l Germany concerned over possible Russian interference in election
- Pro-Putin think-tank drew up plans to sway U.S. election: Reuters
Asked by a reporter if she feared Germany could be subject to Russian attempts to interfere in its forthcoming parliamentary election in late September by disseminating fake news, Merkel took a firm line.
"I am not an anxious person, I will fight the election on the basis of my convictions," she said, adding Germans would deal decisively with any cases of false information.
But Putin, standing alongside her, bristled at the suggestion Russia had meddled in the U.S. presidential election and that it was planning more of the same in Europe.
Allegations about Russia trying to get Donald Trump elected as U.S. president were "rumours," Putin said, generated as part of internal political battles in the United States.
"We never interfere in the political life and the political processes of other countries and we don't want anybody interfering in our political life and foreign policy processes," said Putin.
Trump, Putin discuss Syria
In a Tuesday phone call, Trump and Putin discussed working together to end the violence in Syria. It was their first call since U.S. airstrikes in Syria strained U.S.-Russian relations
The White House said the two leaders agreed that "all parties must do all they can to end the violence" in Syria and that Trump and Putin also discussed working together against Islamic militants throughout the Middle East.
"The conversation was a very good one, and included the discussion of safe, or de-escalation, zones to achieve lasting peace for humanitarian and many other reasons," a White House statement said.
Trump's decision to launch 59 cruise missiles against a Syrian airfield on April 4 in retaliation for a chemical weapons attack angered the Russians and led to some bitter exchanges between the two governments.
The White House statement said Washington will send a representative to Syrian cease fire talks in Astana, Kazakhstan, on Wednesday and Thursday.
"They also discussed at length working together to eradicate terrorism throughout the Middle East. Finally, they spoke about how best to resolve the very dangerous situation in North Korea," the statement said.
Russian media reported the two leaders also discussed a face-to-face meeting in July on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Germany.
The Kremlin characterized the call as "business-like" and "constructive."
Asked by a reporter earlier in his press briefing with Merkel about the deadly poison gas contamination in the town of Khan Sheikhoun, Putin said it was not proven the Syrian government was behind the attack.
Ukraine's shaky peace
On the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Moscow separatists are fighting Kiev's rule, Putin and Merkel said they agreed on the need for the full implementation of the Minsk agreement, an internationally-brokered peace deal that is now effectively stalled.
Putin however launched into an attack on the pro-Western administration in Kiev, saying it — and not Russia or its allies — was forcing the separatist region away from Ukraine. That contradicts Berlin's position.
"The events in eastern Ukraine are the result of a coup d'etat, an unconstitutional change of power in Kiev," Putin said, referring to street protests that forced out Ukraine's previous, Moscow-leaning leader.
- ANALYSIS l Russian 'hybrid warfare' has been targeting western Europe
- With attention elsewhere, Urkaine humanitarian crisis worsens
Touching on a sensitive point for the Russian authorities, Merkel said she had raised concerns with Putin about police breaking up anti-Kremlin protests, as well as other issues that human rights organisations say are a cause for alarm.
Those include reports, denied by the local authorities, that homosexuals are being detained and tortured in the Russian region of Chechnya, and a Supreme Court ruling last month banning the Jehovah's Witnesses religious group as extremist.
- Russia vetoes UN resolution to condemn Syria chemical attack
- Rights groups urge Liberals to help amid anti-LGBT reports in Chechnya
"I have in my talks with the Russian president indicated how important the right to demonstrate is in a civil society and how important the role of NGOs is," Merkel said.
"We have heard some very negative reports about the treatment of homosexuals in Chechnya and I asked President Vladimir Putin to use his influence to guarantee minority rights here as well as with Jehovah's witnesses."
Putin denied that Russian police had violated protesters' rights by arresting them, and fired a barb back at his European counterparts.
"Russia's law-enforcement bodies behave in a far more restrained manner than their colleagues in other European countries," Putin said, without specifying which countries he had in mind.