Protestant paramilitary group in N. Ireland renounces violence
The major Northern Ireland Protestant paramilitary group, the Ulster Defence Association, announced Sunday it was formally renouncing violence, but a commander said the group would not surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials.
The group, which has an estimated 3,000 members across hardline parts of Northern Ireland, has loosely observed a ceasefire since 1994, but until now has refused to surrender a single bullet or bomb — a major objective of a 1998 peace accord.
It is the last of Northern Ireland's underground armies to renounce violence. The major Catholic-based group, the Irish Republican Army, did so and disarmed in 2005, but also refused to give its weapons to international officials.
The UDA said in a statement that at midnight Sunday thatit would "stand down with all military intelligence destroyed, and, as a consequence of this, all weaponry will be put beyond use."
The UDA's south Belfast commander Jackie McDonald confirmed the group would not surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials.
"They are the people's guns," McDonald said.
The UDA appeared to be following the Ulster Volunteer Force — the other major Protestant underground army — which said in May that it had placed its weapons under the custody of senior members and "beyond the reach" of rank-and-file members.
The UVF did not surrender any to John de Chastelain, the retired Canadian general who since 1997 has been trying to oversee paramilitary disarmament in Northern Ireland.
Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern welcomed the UDA's move, but said it now must co-operate with the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning and surrender its weapons.
Intelligence officials have said the Protestant paramilitary groups were relatively poorly armed compared to the IRA's sophisticated arsenal.