Protesters fill London streets to demand new Brexit vote, 2 years on
Organizers argue that public opinion in Britain is turning against plan to leave the EU
Tens of thousands of anti-Brexit protesters marched Saturday in London to demand a new referendum on leaving the European Union, as a divided Britain marked the second anniversary of its vote to quit the bloc.
Leading Brexit supporters, meanwhile, warned the British government not to delay or water down the divorce from the 28-nation bloc. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said Prime Minister Theresa May must deliver the "full British Brexit" that voters were seeking.
Britain voted 52 per cent to 48 per cent on June 23, 2016, to quit the EU, and its official exit is slated for March 29, 2019. But the country — and its Conservative government — remain divided about what kind of economic relationship it wants with the EU.
Brexit is not a done deal. Brexit is not inevitable. Brexit can be stopped.- Vince Cable, Liberal Democrat leader
Opponents of Brexit, many waving EU flags, marched through central London to Parliament on Saturday, calling for a referendum on whatever divorce deal is agreed between Britain and the EU.
The crowd numbered in the tens of thousands, with organizers estimating 100,000 people took part. Police did not give an official estimate. A rival pro-Brexit march, demanding that Britain not compromise with the EU, drew a far smaller crowd.
The People's Vote campaign, which organized the march, argues that public opinion is turning against Brexit as the economic costs become clearer.
'All we've got are broken promises'
James McGrory, one of the organizers, said voters were "made all kinds of promises" during the Brexit referendum.
"But two years later, all we've got are broken promises, an economy that's already feeling the strain of Brexit and a government paralyzed by internal divisions," he said.
"The most important thing is that this isn't decided just by 650 politicians in Westminster. Brexit is such a big deal it should include all 65 million of us in the country."
Protester Matthew Mann, a Briton who is married to a French woman and lives in the Netherlands, said he was "here to show what a European looks like."
"I have lived and worked across Europe — it's home," he said.
The leaders of both Britain's Conservatives and the opposition Labour Party oppose holding another Brexit referendum, though many members of both parties disagree. Smaller parties, including the Greens and the centrist Liberal Democrats, support having a new Brexit vote.
"Brexit is not a done deal. Brexit is not inevitable. Brexit can be stopped," Liberal Democrat leader Vince Cable told the crowd.
A divided government
The government is determined to see Brexit through but May's cabinet is split over how to proceed, with Brexit-backing ministers such as Johnson calling for a clean break so that Britain can strike new trade deals around the world. Others, including Treasury chief Philip Hammond, want to keep closely aligned to the bloc, Britain's biggest trading partner.
In an article for The Sun newspaper, Johnson said May must not deliver a "half-hearted" Brexit, which he likened to a roll of toilet paper — "soft, yielding and seemingly infinitely long."
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox told the BBC the EU needs to understand that Britain is willing to walk away from the Brexit talks without agreement if necessary, because "no deal would be better than a bad deal."
Amid the uncertainty, EU leaders are growing frustrated with what they see as a lack of firm proposals from the United Kingdom about future relations. A paper setting out the U.K. government position on future relations, due to be published this month, has been delayed until July because the cabinet cannot agree on a united stance.
Many businesses warn that a failure to reach a free-trade agreement between Britain and the EU would be an economic disaster. European plane-maker Airbus warned Friday that it could leave Britain — where it employs about 14,000 people — if the country exits the EU without an agreement on future trading relations.
Katherine Bennett, the company's senior vice-president in the U.K., said "a no-deal Brexit would be catastrophic."
With files from CBC News