Portugal's government wins re-election despite austerity measures
But centre-right party fails to win majority and acknowledges it may need to compromise
Portugal's centre-right government won an election Sunday that was a test of its tough austerity stance — but its failure to win a majority in parliament raises the prospect of political uncertainty.
Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho would be the first leader in Europe to be re-elected after imposing hardships on voters under international bailout packages following the start of the sovereign debt crisis in 2009.
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Yet a minority government could unnerve investors in the Iberian country of 10 million. Not one minority administration has survived a full term in Portugal since the 1974 overthrow of the fascist regime installed by dictator Antonio Salazar.
With 99.1 per cent of parishes in the country counted, the ruling coalition had around 38.5 per cent of the vote while Socialist challenger Antonio Costa had 32.4 per cent. The final count will not be available until late on Monday.
Passos Coelho said he was ready to form a new government, but suggested he may to have to compromise on policies.
"We interpret the results with a lot of humility," he said. "We failed to reach a majority in parliament."
The results showed the government with just 100 seats in the 230-seat parliament — well short of the 116 it would need for a majority — although the tally could rise slightly with the final result.
Costa, who has promised to ease austerity and deliver more disposable income back to families, said his party had failed to meet its goal of victory. But he said he would not resign and that the Socialists would stick to their policies.
"Nobody can count on the Socialists to support policies that go against the Socialists," he said. "There was a large majority of Portuguese who voted for change."
The small Left Bloc increased its share to about 10 per cent of the vote, while traditional Communists obtained 8.2 per cent.
Antonio Barroso, senior vice president at the Teneo Intelligence consultancy in London, said political instability was set to rise.
"The good result of the extreme-left Left Bloc will force the Socialists to harden their stance towards the government, which does not bode well for political stability over the medium term," Barroso said in a research note.
The first hurdles could come with the formation of parliament in coming weeks.
Passos Coelho's coalition raised taxes while cutting public spending, but argued during the campaign that the country was now finally beginning to see the fruit of the measures with a gradual return to growth after three years of recession.
The general election was the first since Portugal exited an international bailout last year. Victory for the government was unthinkable just a few months ago with polls giving a solid lead to Socialists who promised to ease back on austerity and give more disposable income back to families.
It comes amid signs that voters elsewhere in Europe appear resigned to austerity. In Greece, voters gave Alexis Tsipras a new mandate last month to implement tough measures he had once rejected; and in Spain, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's People's Party leads polls before a Dec. 20 election.
President to choose next prime minister
President Anibal Cavaco Silva will have the task of naming the next prime minister after talking with all political leaders, which he is expected to start in coming days.
The constitution does not specify how the president should pick the winner, whether by the number of votes or the number of lawmakers elected to parliament.
Portugal's economy returned to slow growth last year after a three-year recession and is now expanding by 1.6 per cent.
Going into the election, investors were broadly confident that Lisbon would pursue its reforms. Portuguese bond yields held just above seven-week lows on Friday.