Israel responds to Hamas rockets with airstrikes after Israeli police and Palestinian protesters clash

Hamas militants fired dozens of rockets into Israel on Monday, including a barrage that set off air raid sirens as far away as Jerusalem, after hundreds of Palestinians were hurt in clashes with Israeli police at a flashpoint religious site in the contested holy city.

Health officials in Gaza report at least 20 people killed as rocket fire draws heavy Israeli retaliation

Israeli forces, Hamas exchange rocket fire as violence escalates

1 year ago
Duration 2:00
Escalating violence between Israeli forces and Palestinians has become deadly after both sides exchanged rocket fire after days of dispute over a Jerusalem neighbourhood.

Hamas militants fired dozens of rockets into Israel on Monday, including a barrage that set off air raid sirens as far away as Jerusalem, after hundreds of Palestinians were hurt in clashes with Israeli police at a flashpoint religious site in the contested holy city.

The rocket fire drew heavy Israeli retaliation in the form of airstrikes in the Gaza Strip. Health officials said at least 20 people, including nine children, were killed in fighting, making it one of the bloodiest days of battle between the two sides in several years. 

The fighting escalated already heightened tensions throughout the region following weeks of clashes between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters in Jerusalem. Some of those confrontations have taken place at the Al-Aqsa compound, part of a holy site in Jerusalem's Old City revered by both Muslims and Jews, and threatened to spark a wider conflict.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accused Hamas, an Islamic militant group that seeks Israel's destruction, of crossing a "red line" with the rocket attack on Jerusalem, some 100 kilometres north of Gaza, and promised a tough response.

"Whoever attacks us will pay a heavy price," he said, warning that the fighting could "continue for some time."

An Israeli police forensics expert carries the remains of a rocket launched from the Gaza Strip in the outskirts of Jerusalem on Monday. (Ammar Awad/Reuters)

International pleas for calm

In Washington, State Department spokesperson Ned Price condemned "in the strongest terms" the rocket fire on Israel and called on all sides to calm the situation.

"More broadly, we're deeply concerned about the situation in Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, including violent confrontations in Jerusalem," he said.

In the 1967 Arab-Israeli war in which Israel captured East Jerusalem, it also took the West Bank and Gaza Strip. It later annexed East Jerusalem and considers the entire city its capital. The Palestinians seek all three areas for a future state, with East Jerusalem as their capital.

Hamas seized power in Gaza in 2007, and has since fought three wars with Israel. The group possesses a vast arsenal of missiles and rockets capable of striking virtually anywhere in Israel.

A diplomatic official said that the United Nations, Egypt and Qatar, which frequently mediate between Israel and Hamas, were all trying to halt the fighting. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the issue with the media.

The Israeli military said well over 50 rockets were fired into Israel throughout the evening, most of them aimed at southern Israeli towns near the border.

Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, a military spokesperson, said six rockets were aimed at Jerusalem in what was believed to be the first rocket attack on the city since 2014.

Palestinians inside the Al-Aqsa mosque clash with Israeli security forces. Palestinian medics said at least 300 Palestinians were hurt in Monday's violence. (Mahmoud Illean/The Associated Press)

Children reported among dead

Shortly after the sirens sounded, explosions could be heard in Jerusalem. One rocket fell on the western outskirts of the city, lightly damaging a home and causing a brush fire. The Israeli army said one rocket was intercepted and the others fell in open areas.

Israel was responding with airstrikes on Hamas targets throughout Gaza. The army said rocket launchers and eight militants had been targeted.

In Gaza, health officials reported a total of 20 deaths, including nine children.

It did not provide a breakdown, but at least seven members of one family, including three children, were killed in a blast in the northern town of Beit Hanoun. It was not immediately clear if the blast was caused by an Israeli airstrike or an errant rocket launched by Hamas.

Ashraf al-Masri, a member of the family, said there was an explosion outside the house.

"We don't know where it came from," he said. "We are trying to get the children for burial but the situation is difficult in Beit Hanoun and we are afraid to leave our houses."

The Israeli army said an Israeli civilian in the country's south suffered mild injuries when a vehicle was struck by an anti-tank missile from Gaza.

Abu Obeida, spokesperson for Hamas's military wing, said the attack on Jerusalem was a response to what he called Israeli "crimes and aggression" in Jerusalem. "This is a message the enemy has to understand well."

He threatened more attacks if Israeli forces carry out planned evictions of Palestinian families from an East Jerusalem neighbourhood or re-enter the Al-Aqsa compound in Jerusalem's Old City. The compound, which is known to Jews as the Temple Mount and to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary, is also the location of the Al-Aqsa Mosque. 

Clashes at mosque

Earlier, Israeli police firing tear gas, stun grenades and rubber bullets clashed with stone-throwing Palestinians at the compound.

More than a dozen tear gas canisters and stun grenades landed in the mosque, said an Associated Press photographer at the scene. Smoke rose in front of the mosque and the iconic golden-domed shrine on the site, and rocks littered the surrounding plaza. Inside one area of the compound, shoes and debris lay scattered over ornate carpets.

WATCH | Clashes at holy site:

Palestinians wounded in clashes at Jerusalem holy site

1 year ago
Duration 1:49
Monday's unrest is the latest in a series of confrontations between Israeli authorities and Palestinians in Jerusalem.

More than 300 Palestinians were hurt, including 228 who went to hospitals and clinics for treatment, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent. Seven of the injured were in serious condition. Police said 21 officers were hurt, including three who were hospitalized. Israeli paramedics said seven Israeli civilians were also hurt.

In an apparent attempt to avoid further confrontation, Israeli authorities changed the planned route of a march by ultra-nationalist Jews through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City to mark Jerusalem Day, which celebrates Israel's capture of East Jerusalem.

The clashes have come during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, already a time of heightened religious sensitivities.

Some Palestinians run for cover from tear gas fired by Israeli security forces at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on Monday, the latest in a period of recent clashes. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images)

Anger over planned evictions

Most recently, the tensions have been fuelled by the planned eviction of dozens of Palestinians from the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of east Jerusalem, where Israeli settlers have waged a lengthy legal battle to take over properties.

Israel's Supreme Court postponed a key ruling Monday in the case, citing the "circumstances."

The tensions in Jerusalem have threatened to reverberate throughout the region and come at a crucial point in Israel's political crisis after Netanyahu failed to form a governing coalition last week. His opponents are now working to build an alternate government.

Before Monday's rocket attack on Jerusalem, Palestinian militants had fired several barrages of rockets into southern Israel.

Protesters allied with Hamas have launched dozens of incendiary balloons into Israel, setting off fires across the southern part of the country.

Israel's actions criticized

Israel's actions in Jerusalem have come under growing international criticism.

The UN Security Council scheduled closed consultations on the situation Monday. The United States and European Union have expressed deep concern over the unrest in Jerusalem, urging Israel to calm the situation and not carry out the planned evictions. Arab allies of Israel, along with Turkey, also have condemned Israel's actions.

Netanyahu pushed back against the criticism Monday, saying Israel is determined to ensure the rights of worship for all and that this "requires from time to time stand up and stand strong as Israeli police and our security forces are doing now."

Palestinians carry a wounded protester away from clashes with Israeli security forces at the Lions Gate in Jerusalem's Old City on Monday. (Oded Balilty/The Associated Press)


  • A previous headline said Hamas fired rockets into Jerusalem. In fact, Hamas fired rockets into Israel, including some the Israeli military said were aimed at Jerusalem.
    May 10, 2021 5:35 PM ET