Missile test puts North Korea on path to strike U.S., some experts say

The U.S. believes North Korea probably test-launched an ICBM, but is still reviewing the data, two U.S. officials told Reuters, as experts cautioned the U.S. may now be within range. The Security Council is likely to meet Wednesday.

U.S. requests closed-door Security Council session

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un looks on during the test-fire of a Hwasong-14 ballistic missile. (KCNA/Reuters)

The United States believes North Korea probably test-launched an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), but is still reviewing the data, two U.S. officials told Reuters on Tuesday, as experts cautioned Alaska may now be within range.

If confirmed as an ICBM, it would mark a major milestone for North Korea's missile program and would heighten concern in Washington about Pyongyang's declared pursuit of a nuclear-tipped missile that can reach the United States.

U.S. President Donald Trump vowed in January that North Korea would never achieve that goal.

The 15-member UN Security Council will meet Wednesday, at the request of the U.S.

The launch took place days before leaders from the Group of 20 nations were due to discuss steps to rein in North Korea's weapons program, which it has pursued in defiance of Security Council sanctions.

North Korea's state media said the launch was ordered and supervised by leader Kim Jong-un and sent the Hwasong-14 missile 933 kilometres, reaching an altitude of 2,802 kilometres over a flight time of 39 minutes.

Differing assessments of missile's range

Some analysts said the flight details suggested the new missile had a range of more than 8,000 kilometres, which would put significant parts of the U.S. mainland in range, representing major advances in its program.

David Wright, co-director of the Global Security Program at the U.S.-based Union of Concerned Scientists, said the flight time and distance suggested the missile could travel about 6,700 kilometres, bringing all of Alaska into range.

North Korea said it successfully test-launched a Hwasong-14 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) for the first time, which flew a trajectory that experts said could allow it to hit Alaska. (KCNA/Reuters)

South Korean President Moon Jae-in said the missile was believed to be an intermediate-range type, but the military was looking into the possibility it was an ICBM.

The Pentagon and State Department did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

On Monday night, the U.S. military described the missile as an intermediate-range type that traveled for 37 minutes, and the United States has not yet officially changed that assessment.

The two U.S. officials, who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity about the review of data on the test launch, said no conclusion had yet been reached. But the evidence increasingly suggested a two-stage ICBM, as opposed to an intermediate-range missile, they said.

Test 'far more successful than expected'

U.S.-based missile expert John Schilling, a contributor to the Washington-based North Korea monitoring project, 38 North, said the launch was both earlier and "far more successful than expected."

He said it would now probably only be a year or two before a North Korean ICBM achieved "minimal operational capability" and it was likely the initial test did not perform as well as an operational missile would.

"Still, this missile demonstrated a degree of performance that is beyond what is needed to reach Anchorage — or Pearl Harbor — but not quite sufficient to reliably reach targets on the U.S. West Coast," he said.

Schilling said the U.S. national missile defense system was "only minimally operational" and would take more than two years to upgrade to provide more reliable defence.

North Korea said its missiles were now capable of striking anywhere in the world.

Officials from South Korea, Japan and the United States said the missile landed in the sea in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone after being launched on a high trajectory.

Kim Dong-yub, a military expert at Seoul's Kyungnam University, said that if launched on a standard angle, the missile could have a range of more than 8,000 kilometres.

Trump losing patience with China

Trump has been urging China, North Korea's main trading partner and only big ally and the current chair of the UN Security Council, to press Pyongyang to give up its nuclear program. In an apparent reference to Kim Jong-un, Trump tweeted: "Does this guy have anything better to do with his life?"

"Hard to believe South Korea and Japan will put up with this much longer," he added. "Perhaps China will put a heavy move on North Korea and end this nonsense once and for all!"

Kim Jong-un reacts during the test-fire of a Hwasong-14 missile. (KCNA/Reuters)

Trump has indicated he is running out of patience with Beijing's efforts to rein in North Korea. His administration has said all options are on the table, military included, but suggested those would be a last resort and that sanctions and diplomatic pressure were its preferred course.

While China has responded to previous North Korean tests of suspected ICBM technology by agreeing to tougher UN sanctions, it emphasized on Tuesday its call for a return to talks with North Korea by signing a joint statement with Russia.

Under China's plan, North Korea would suspend its ballistic missile program in return for a moratorium on large-scale military exercises by the United States and South Korea, which Washington and Seoul say are essential to maintain defence readiness.

G20 to discuss North Korea's weapons program

Trump is due to meet both Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin during the G20 in Germany this week.

Japan said on Monday it would have a trilateral summit with the United States and South Korea on North Korea at the G20. Its prime minister, Shinzo Abe, said he would ask the presidents of China and Russia to play more constructive roles.

North Korea was a major topic in phone calls between Trump and the leaders of China and Japan this week.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang called on Tuesday for calm and restraint, and reiterated China's opposition to North Korea's violation of UN resolutions on missile tests.

Responding to Trump's tweet, Geng said China had been working hard to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue.

"China's role is indispensable," he told a daily news briefing. "We hope all sides can meet each other halfway."

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said the missile launch is, "another brazen violation of Security Council resolutions and constitutes a dangerous escalation of the situation."

North Korea has conducted five nuclear tests, two since the beginning of last year, and the pace of missile tests has risen significantly. It says it needs to defend itself against U.S. aggression.

Analysts say it often conducts tests to show its defiance and to raise the stakes when it sees regional powers getting ready for talks or sanctions.

People watch a TV broadcast of a news report on North Korea's Hwasong-14 missile test, at a railway station in Seoul on Tuesday. (Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters)