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Canada is 1st country to ratify requests from Sweden and Finland to join NATO

Finnish and Swedish ambassadors submitted official letters of application to NATO on May 18.

All 30 NATO allies have signed off on accession protocols

Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Anne Linde give a news conference after the signing of the accession protocols of Finland and Sweden at the NATO headquarters in Brussels on Tuesday. (Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images)

Canada has become the first country to ratify Sweden's and Finland's requests to join NATO, bringing the two countries closer to full membership.

The Prime Minister's Office says Justin Trudeau met with Finland's president, Sauli Niinistö, and Sweden's prime minister, Magdalena Andersson, at the NATO summit last week.

In a statement, Trudeau said Canada champions the alliance's open door policy for any European country in a position to "advance the commitments and obligations of membership."

The Finnish and Swedish ambassadors submitted official letters of application to NATO on May 18, and Canada's federal cabinet issued orders-in-council on May 26 authorizing the foreign affairs minister to ratify accession protocols for both countries.

The House of Commons also voted unanimously this spring to support the membership bids.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky are seen during a joint news conference on Monday in Kyiv, Ukraine. Russia's invasion of Ukraine has spurred Sweden, along with Finland, to seek membership in the NATO military alliance after decades of neutrality. (Alexey Furman/Getty Images)

All 30 NATO allies signed off on the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland on Tuesday, sending the membership bids to the alliance countries for legislative approval.

Canada deliberately issued the orders-in-council on May 26 to speed through the ratification process and get it done within hours instead of the usual months.

The move further increases Russia's strategic isolation in the wake of its invasion of neighbouring Ukraine in February and its military struggles there since.

"This is truly a historic moment for Finland, for Sweden and for NATO," said alliance Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg.

The 30 ambassadors and permanent representatives formally approved the decisions of last week's NATO summit when the alliance made the historic decision to invite Russia's neighbour Finland and Scandinavian partner Sweden to join the military club.

Despite the agreement in the alliance, parliamentary approval in member state Turkey could still pose problems.

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Turkey's concerns over the extradition of dozens of Kurds from Sweden in particular could still block full ratification of Sweden and Finland's entry to NATO, says Andrew Rasiulis, a defence expert at the Canadian Global Affairs Institute.

Last week, Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan warned that Ankara could still block the process if the two countries fail to fully meet Turkey's demand to extradite terror suspects with links to outlawed Kurdish groups or the network of an exiled cleric accused of a failed 2016 coup in Turkey.

He said Turkey's Parliament could refuse to ratify the deal. It is a potent threat since NATO accession must be formally approved by all 30 member states, which gives each a blocking right.

Stoltenberg said he expected no change of heart. "There were security concerns that needed to be addressed," he said. "And we did what we always do at NATO. We found common ground."

Every alliance nation has different legislative challenges and procedures to deal with, and it could take several more months for the two to become official members.

"I look forward to a swift ratification process," said Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto. 

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has given the process added urgency. It will ensconce the two nations in the Western military alliance and give NATO more clout, especially in the face of Moscow's military threat.

"We will be even stronger and our people will be even safer as we face the biggest security crisis in decades," said Stoltenberg.

Tuesday's signing-off does bring both nations deeper into NATO's fold already. As close partners, they already attended some meetings that involved issues that immediately affected them. As official invitees, they can attend all meetings of the ambassadors even if they do not yet have any voting rights.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sarah Ritchie is a reporter with The Canadian Press.

With files from The Associated Press

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