As Canada sends more troops to Latvia, some locals fear country may be dragged into larger war

As NATO bolsters defences in eastern Europe, a contingent of Canadian troops in Latvia has grown to 700. But while some residents say the additional soldiers at Camp Adazi gives them a sense of safety, others told CBC News they worry the heightened military presence will draw Russian aggression.

Recent arrival of troops from Quebec means Canadian contingent at Camp Adazi numbers around 700

Soldiers with the 5e Régiment d'artillerie légère from CFB Valcartier in Quebec, participate in weapons training on April 11 at Adazi base in Latvia. (Corinne Seminoff/CBC)

When Master Cpl. Josaphat Nicolas-Marchal arrived for his deployment at the Adazi military base in Latvia in December, Western intelligence officials had just started warning that Russia could be poised to invade Ukraine.

Now four months into the soldier's rotation, NATO is trying to deter Russia from launching additional offensives and is bolstering the number of troops deployed in eastern Europe.

"It is very different for us, because now we are close to what is happening," said Nicolas-Marchal, who is normally stationed at CFB Valcartier in Quebec but has served previously in NATO missions in Poland and Iraq. 

"Whatever happens can happen in Ukraine — or around the world," he said. "We can keep training together and be ready if someone sends us somewhere."

Master Cpl. Josaphat Nicolas-Marchal stands in front of a LAV VI military vehicle at the Adazi base, roughly 25 kilometres outside of Riga, Latvia. (Briar Stewart/CBC )

Canadian contingent

The master corporal is one of approximately 700 Canadian troops stationed at Camp Adazi, a Western alliance military base and training range located 25 kilometres outside Riga, Latvia's capital. 

Canada's military presence in the country grew last month when an artillery battery consisting of 120 troops and guns arrived from Quebec. 

Given the heightened security threat, Canada has extended its Latvia mission indefinitely. Latvia's Defence Ministry told CBC News that the government is hoping to strengthen the contingent even further and develop it as a true "war-fighting unit."

But as Latvia looks to bolster its defences, not everyone living close to the base feels reassured by the growing number of troops — with some fearing it could make the region a bigger target for Russian aggression.

When CBC News visited the base on Monday, dozens of Canadian soldiers were taking part in weapons training. In one area, soldiers fired high-powered rifles at targets in close range, trying to simulate battle in an urban environment like a city street or inside a building. 

Canada has the largest contingent in Latvia, but around 800 other troops from 10 different NATO countries are stationed there, too, including soldiers from the Czech Republic, Spain and Slovakia. 

"It means a lot for us to be here to be contributing to the ongoing situation that is evolving in Ukraine," said Maj. Anne Pham, commander of the newly deployed Phoenix artillery battery in Latvia.

Maj. Anne Pham, the commander for the Phoenix artillery battery in Latvia, says the amount of training has increased because there are additional troops on the ground. (Corinne Seminoff/CBC)

Last month, Latvian Defence Minister Artis Pabriks met with his Canadian counterpart, Defence Minister Anita Anand, in Ottawa to discuss security and bilateral co-operation.

That meeting came a few weeks after Prime Minister Justin Trudeau toured the Latvian base where he officially announced that Canada was extending its contribution to the mission beyond 2023, when it was set to expire. 

WATCH: Canada renews Operation Reassurance in Latvia: 

Canada renews NATO mission Operation Reassurance

1 year ago
Duration 1:11
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the renewal of Operation Reassurance one year before it was scheduled to end during his visit to Latvia.

NATO has four multinational battle groups spread across eastern Europe and recently announced that forces will be deployed in four more countries — Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania — to try and prevent the war from spilling over into Ukraine's neighbours. 

Residents' concerns

In the municipality of Adazi, a community of 12,000 that borders the base, those who live there can sometimes hear artillery being fired during practice exercises. 

Residents who spoke with CBC News near the centre of the town gave differing views on the burgeoning NATO mission. 

Some expressed fear the additional troops could provoke Russia. 

"If NATO is going to get involved, we have no idea what will happen to us here," said Adazi resident Ligita Voitkane. "It's not just the base that will suffer, our whole little town here, too."

WATCH | Some in Latvia fear country could be dragged into a larger war

Canadian troops train for battle in Latvia amid Russian threat

1 year ago
Duration 2:08
Hundreds of Canadian soldiers deployed to Latvia are preparing to defend NATO territory over fears Russia could attack the Baltic states. Not everyone is convinced their presence will deter Russian forces, pointing to Latvia’s unprotected border.

Ksenija Gontiare, a mother pushing her nine-month-old in a stroller, also said the NATO presence made her uneasy. 

She has relatives in Kyiv, but she said she is still concerned about the billions of dollars of weapons being shipped from NATO countries into Ukraine, as she worries it could lead to an escalation of violence. 

On Tuesday, a Kremlin-backed media outlet quoted Maria Zakharova, the spokesperson for Russia's foreign ministry, as saying that the European Union has turned into an "aggressive NATO war machine."

But Adazi resident Victoria Zelca believes Russia may decide to invade Latvia — and said she feels comforted knowing the base is nearby. 

"We are a neighbour country and we can be included in the war," she said. "They want land … there is the Baltic sea, which they could use for transport and deliveries."

Canada leads the NATO mission in Latvia, where Tim Hortons coffee and maple syrup is stocked in the local store. (Corinne Seminoff/CBC)

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Briar Stewart is a correspondent for CBC News. She has been covering Canada and beyond for more than 15 years and can be reached at or on Twitter @briarstewart