Migrants try to tear down Turkey-Greece border fence
Thousands sleeping in makeshift camps near the border since Turkey said it was opening route to EU
A group of migrants on Saturday tried to bring down a fence in a desperate attempt to bust through the border into Greece while others hurled rocks at Greek police. Greek authorities responded, firing volleys of tear gas at the youths.
At least two migrants were injured in the latest clash between Greek police and migrants gathered on the Turkish side of a border crossing near the Greek village of Kastanies. As in previous confrontations this week, officers in Greece fired tear gas to impede the crowd and Turkish police fired tear gas back at their Greek counterparts.
Groups of mostly young men tied ropes onto the fence in an attempt to tear it down. Some shouted "Allah is Great" while others shouted "open the border."
It was not immediately clear what caused the two migrants' injuries. A Greek government official said the tear gas and water cannon were used for "deterrence" purposes.
Thousands of migrants headed for Turkey's land border with Greece after President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government said last week that it would no longer prevent migrants and refugees from crossing over to European Union territory.
Greece has deployed riot police and border guards to repel people trying to enter the country and the Greek border area has since seen violent confrontations between them and the migrants.
Throughout Sunday, activity at the Greek-Turkish border was reduced compared to previous days, although there were still attempts to breach Greece's border fence, with Greek forces pushing back.
According to police data, a total of 745 people were prevented from crossing the border and there were two arrests from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sunday. In total, there have been 293 arrests since 6 a.m. on Feb. 29, and 41,060 people prevented from crossing over into Greece.
Cyprus to fly in 'full anti-demonstration unit'
Cyprus announced Sunday evening that it will send 22 riot policemen, or a "full anti-demonstration unit" to the border to assist Greece. Cypriot government spokesperson Kyriakos Kousios said that a Greek military plane was on its way to Cyprus to pick up the reinforcements later Sunday.
Earlier Sunday, Kousios had released a statement saying that the decision to send the force was announced by Cypriot President Nicos Anastassiades to Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis during a telephone conversation the two had Sunday morning.
"The president's proposal was gratefully accepted by Greece's Prime Minister and, therefore, a force from Cyprus' security forces will travel to Greece immediately to defend and guard Greece's, and Europe's, borders," the earlier statement said.
In Istanbul on Sunday, Erdogan called on Greece to open its borders and allow the migrants to move on to other European countries.
"These people won't stay [in your country] ... they will move to other European countries," Erdogan said. "Why don't you open your gates too, let them go to other countries, and rid yourself of this burden."
In a speech marking International Women's Day, Erdogan asserted that women and children were bearing the brunt of the crisis.
"Is the West's heart breaking over all of this? No. Is it raising its voice? No," Erdogan said.
5 migrants arrested
The Greek government released a video purporting to show a Turkish armoured vehicle trying to pull down part of a border fence with a rope. It claimed the vehicle was partly purchased with EU border funds. The Associated Press could not verify the authenticity of the video. There was no immediate comment from Turkish officials.
Greece also arrested five migrants overnight.
Turkey is accusing Greece of mistreating the migrants. Many migrants have reported crossing into Greece, being beaten by Greek authorities and summarily forced back into Turkey.
A member of the UNHCR, the United Nations' refugee agency in place, acknowledged the reports.
"We are aware of reports of pushbacks and excessive use of force along the borders We are calling for calm, the easing of tension and for all efforts to be made to avoid any type of violence," said UNHCR official Margaritis Petritzikis, without getting into specifics.
Erdogan will travel to Brussels on Monday to meet with European Council President Charles Michel and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen about a 2016 Turkey-EU agreement on containing the refugee flows to Europe that has now collapsed. Each side has blamed the other. A EU spokesperson said the crisis in Syria and security and stability in the region would also be discussed.
The deal called for Turkey to halt the flow of Europe-bound migrants and refugees in exchange for up to 6 billion euros ($9.25 billion Cdn) in aid for Syrian refugees on its territory, fast-track EU membership and visa-free travel to Europe for Turkish citizens.
"I hope that we will return from Brussels with a different result," Erdogan said.
Erdogan has demanded that Europe shoulder more of the burden of caring for refugees, accusing the EU of failing to disburse the money. He announced that Turkey, which already houses more than 3.5 million Syrian refugees, would no longer be Europe's gatekeeper.
EU foreign ministers have criticized Turkey, saying it is using the migrants' desperation "for political purposes." EU countries are still dealing with the political fallout from a wave of mass migration five years ago.
Thousands of migrants have slept under terrible conditions in makeshift camps near the Greek border since the Turkish government said they were free to go, waiting for the opportunity to enter Greece.