World

Madagascar ships unproven herbal remedy for COVID-19 to several African nations

Madagascar is putting its self-proclaimed, plant-based "cure" for COVID-19 on sale and several countries in Africa have already put in orders for purchase, despite warnings from the World Health Organization that its efficacy is unproven.

Artemisia compounds have been used in malaria drugs, but are unproven for novel coronavirus

Soldiers in Madagascar's army are gathered on the square in front of the town hall in Antananarivo on April 22 to receive stocks of a local herbal tea, touted by President Andry Rajoelina as a powerful remedy against COVID-19. (Rijasolo/AFP via Getty Images)

Madagascar is putting its self-proclaimed, plant-based "cure" for COVID-19 on sale and several countries in Africa have already put in orders for purchase, despite warnings from the World Health Organization that its efficacy is unproven.

Last month President Andry Rajoelina launched the remedy at a news conference, drinking from a sleekly branded bottle filled with an amber liquid that he said had already cured two people.

On Friday, a Tanzanian delegation arrived in Madagascar to collect their consignment.

The tonic, based on the plant Artemisia annua, which has anti-malarial properties, has not undergone any internationally recognized scientific testing. While Rajoelina extolled its virtues, the WHO cautioned it needs to be tested for efficacy and side effects.

Madagascar has been giving away thousands of bottles of COVID-19 Organics, developed by the state-run Malagasy Institute of Applied Research.

A photo taken in April at the Agroscope Federal Competence Centre for Agricultural Research in Conthey, Switzerland shows young Artemisia annua plants, which the president of Madagascar has officially touted as a local herbal remedy to prevent and cure the novel coronavirus. There is no evidence to support his claims. (Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images)

Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, and Guinea Bissau have all already received thousands of doses of COVID-19 Organics free of charge.

A legal adviser in the president's office told Reuters on Wednesday that Madagascar would now begin selling the remedy, which domestically can be bought for around 40 cents US per bottle.

"This remedy can be put on the market," Marie Michelle Sahondrarimalala, director of Legal Studies at the Presidency, told Reuters in an interview on Wednesday. "Madagascar has already received orders from state authorities in other countries, but also from private individuals."

Heads of other African countries said they were placing orders.

WHO rep concerned about false sense of security

Isolated compounds extracted from Artemisia are effective in malaria drugs, the WHO noted, but the plant itself cannot treat malaria.

WHO Africa head Matshidiso Moeti said she was concerned people who drank the product might feel they were immune to COVID-19 and engage in risky behaviour.

"We are concerned that touting this product as a preventive measure might then make people feel safe," she said.

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Guinea Bissau has received more than 16,000 doses, which it is distributing to the 14 other West African nations. Liberia's deputy information minister Eugene Farghon said this week there was no plan to test the remedy before distribution.

"It will be used by Liberians and will be used on Liberians," he said, noting WHO had not tested other popular local remedies. "Madagascar is an African country ... Therefore we will proceed as an African nation and will continue to use our African herbs."

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By Thursday, Madagascar had a total 225 confirmed coronavirus cases, 98 recoveries and no deaths.

The African Union (AU) said on Monday that it was trying to get Madagascar's technical data on the remedy, and would pass that to the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for evaluation.

"This review will be based on global technical and ethical norms to garner the necessary scientific evidence," the AU said.

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