Car bomb kills journalist in Kyiv, Ukraine
Pavel Sheremet worked for the online investigative newspaper Ukrayinska Pravda
A prominent journalist was killed in a car bombing in Ukraine's capital, Kyiv, on Wednesday, sending shockwaves through the Ukrainian journalist community that was shaped by the gruesome killing of the publication's founder 16 years ago.
The country's top online news website Ukrainska Pravda said its journalist Pavel Sheremet died in an explosion early on Wednesday as he got into his car to drive to work. The publication said the car was owned by its founding editor, Olena Prytula, who was Sheremet's partner.
Images from the scene showed the charred car stranded in the middle of a cobbled street. The Ukrainian president has ordered protection for Prytula, the interior ministry said.
Zoryan Shkiryak, advisor to the Ukrainian interior minister, said in a Facebook post that an improvised explosive device was planted underneath the car. Shkiryak said the device was either a delayed-action bomb or was remotely operated. It's believed to have contained up to the equivalent of 600 grams of TNT.
Interior Minister Khatiya Dekanoidze said in televised comments at the scene of the crime that she will personally supervise the investigation.
"We are looking at all theories," she said, adding that solving the murder is "very important, a matter of honour" for the Kyiv police.
Dekanoidze said he expects FBI agents to arrive in Kyiv shortly to help investigate the killing and asked Ukrainian politicians not to jump the gun on the theories of why Sheremet was targeted. Several Ukrainian politicians earlier on Wednesday suggested that Russia could have been involved in the killing.
Russia's Novaya Gazeta quoted several friends and family of Sheremet and Prytula as saying that they had complained about being followed.
Founder's murder unsolved
Ukraine's media community was deeply affected by the brutal slaying of Ukrainska Pravda founder Heorhiy Gongadze in 2000. Police never found the killers of the investigative journalist although the probe dragged on for years and Ukraine's then-president was accused by rights groups of involvement in the murder based on tape recordings made by the president's bodyguard.
Current President Petro Poroshenko offered his condolences to Sheremet's friends and family and said he has instructed law-enforcement agencies to conduct "a speedy investigation into this crime."
The 44-year-old Belarusian-born journalist irked officials in Belarus and Russia before he moved to Ukraine, where he said there were fewer hurdles to independent reporting.
In 1997, Belarus convicted Sheremet of illegally crossing its border and sentenced him to three years in prison for his investigation on the porous border between Belarus and Lithuania. He served three months in prison before he was released. Sheremet faced threats and harassment in Belarus and was badly beaten in 2004 while covering an election. Several years later he moved to Russia to work in television.
Already a Russian citizen by then, Sheremet in 2010 was stripped of Belarusian citizenship.
In a media landscape sanitized by the authoritarian Belarusian government, Sheremet — while living abroad — founded Belaruspartisan.org which went on to become one of the country's leading independent news websites. He moved to Ukraine in 2014 after what he said was pressure from his Russian television bosses over the reporting of ongoing opposition protests in Kyiv.
Governments knew that [Sheremet] could see through them and hated him for that: Sheremet was thrown into jail in Belarus, harassed and fired in Russia, and followed in Ukraine.- Alexei Navalny, Russian opposition leader
Outpourings of grief came Wednesday morning from politicians and journalists in all three countries.
Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny wrote in his blog on Wednesday that he dined with Sheremet when he was visiting Moscow for a march in memory of slain politician Boris Nemtsov, a friend they had in common.
"Governments knew that [Sheremet] could see through them and hated him for that: Sheremet was thrown into jail in Belarus, harassed and fired in Russia, and followed in Ukraine," Navalny said. "Pavel was a smart and courageous man, a brilliant journalist and a good person. This is the way we will remember him."
Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters on Wednesday that the Kremlin was "deeply concerned" about the journalist's killing and urged a speedy investigation.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in a statement condemned the killing and called on Ukrainian authorities to conduct a thorough investigation and bring the perpetrators to justice.
In Moscow, prominent journalist Konstantin von Eggert in an obituary posted on the website of the Dozhd TV channel described Sheremet as a "pioneer of investigative reporting."
"His famous report about the 'illegal crossing' of the Belarusian border was a major television sensation of the 1990s," Eggert said. "It was the time when a journalist tried a thing out himself and had to pay for it, facing charges in his own country."
Sheremet is survived by a son and a daughter who live in Minsk, where Sheremet will be buried.