World

Mélanie Joly vows to put 'maximum pressure' on Putin

Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly announced more Russian sanctions today and met with some of the Ukrainians fleeing Vladmir Putin's bombs on a visit to a Polish-border aid operation. Those arriving are traumatized, and hoping their displacement is temporary.

Canada's foreign minister announced sanctions against 10 more Russians and 2 energy companies

The growing humanitarian crisis at Poland-Ukraine border

6 months ago
Duration 2:16
A train station near the Poland-Ukraine border is the site of a growing humanitarian crisis as many Ukrainians arrive without money and an uncertain future ahead, something Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly witnessed first-hand.

At a bus and train depot in Rzeszow, Poland, about 100 km from Ukraine's border, Canada's foreign affairs minister, Mélanie Joly, came to hear the stories of Ukrainians fleeing Vladimir Putin's bombs.   

More often than not, for those she met, the tears came before any words. 

One woman, sitting at a table in the train station across from her her two school-aged children, managed to introduce them to Joly as Danil and Margarita, but that's as far as she got.

She began crying uncontrollably, unable to continue a conversation with the visitor who came to show Canada's commitment to helping Ukrainians endure the Russian-inflicted catastrophe.   

WATCH | Russia's attack on Ukrainian cities intensifies:

Russia intensifies attack on key Ukrainian cities

6 months ago
Duration 6:38
The Russian attack on Ukraine's largest cities entered its seventh day, with an airstrike on Kharkiv in the northeast, incessant shelling in the port city of Mariupol and a sprawling convoy advancing on Kyiv.

A volunteer with the city later explained that like practically all of the other Ukrainian women now in Poland, she had to leave her husband behind to fight with the so-called Territorial Defence Forces. Men of military age, from 18 to 60, aren't allowed to leave the country.

'It was very emotional because war is not just an expression and a name — it has an impact on people, and it shatters lives. And that's what we saw today," Joly said later in an interview with CBC News.

"It made my team and I even more determined to put maximum pressure on the Putin regime."

During her visit to the train station and later a Red Cross warehouse, Joly announced Canada was expanding its sanctions to include 10 more Russians involved in high-profile positions in the oil and gas industry, and two companies in Russia's energy sector, Rosneft and Gazprom.   

Joly, left, spoke with Rzeszow Mayor Konrad Fijolek on a visit to the city not far from the border with Ukraine, where refugees are arriving as they flee Russian attacks. (Stephanie Janzer/CBC)

Aid to resettle refugees quickly

Joly's visit to Poland follows a decision by Canada to provide $100 million in humanitarian assistance to help countries such as Poland cope with the arrival of the one million refugees who have fled Ukraine in just the past week.

Canada has also banned all financial transactions with Russia's Central Bank, closed its airspace to Russian aircraft and banned Russian ships from using Canadian ports.

Ukrainian children who have fled with their mothers from the Russian invasion wait for their transfer at a temporary camp in Przemysl, Poland, on Wednesday. (Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters)

Earlier, the Trudeau government sanctioned 18 members of Vladimir Putin's government, including Putin himself and defence minister Sergei Shoigu.

"We want to make sure that we isolate Russia and, particularly, Vladimir Putin's regime economically, diplomatically and ... in every single way possible," said Joly.

WATCH | Poroshenko pleads for no-fly zone in Europe:

Former Ukrainian president pleads with NATO to reconsider imposing a no-fly zone over Ukraine

6 months ago
Duration 8:48
"Why you can do that in Libya? Why you can do that in many other countries?" asked former Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko. "This is the war in Europe and Ukraine is fighting not only for our own land. Not only for the freedom. Not only for democracy. Not only for the Western values, but we're fighting for the security of Europe."

Canada has one of the largest Ukrainian diasporas in the world — second only to Russia — with between 1.4 and two million people claiming Ukrainian ancestry.

Joly wasn't able to provide an estimate on how many Canadian-Ukrainians are still in Ukraine and trying to leave. Instead, she indicated the priority is helping governments such as Poland's resettle people quickly, as close to Ukraine as possible.

At the train station, Joly meets women who have escaped from Ukraine, but have left their husbands, fathers and partners behind to fight against Russia. (CBC News)

Another woman at the shelter told Joly that she and her elderly mother had decided to leave Lviv, which is in western Ukraine and has so far been spared much of the devastation that Russia has inflicted on eastern regions. 

"It is safe right now," she said. "But we don't know what Putin will do tomorrow in our hometown, and we are scared."   

"Our men are defending. My brother, my boyfriend and my father are protecting our home."

Displacement is temporary, they hope

Accompanying Joly on her visit was Canada's ambassador to Ukraine, Larisa Galadza, who was forced to abandon the embassy in the capital Kyiv ahead of the Russian invasion and move diplomatic and consular operations to Poland.

Galadza, whose four grandparents emigrated from Ukraine to the United States and Canada at the end of Second World War, said she has struggled to come to terms with the horror of Russia's attacks and the human misery they have caused.

WATCH | Memories of own family's exodus for Canadian ambassador:

Ukrainian exodus stirs memories of WWII for Canadian ambassador

6 months ago
Duration 3:18
Canada’s Ambassador to Ukraine, Larisa Galadza, discusses the decision to get embassy staff out of Kyiv and why the exodus of Ukrainians stirs memories of the Second World War.

"Just this surreal reality of the fact that this is how my family, and so many Ukrainian Canadian families, left Ukraine at the end of the Second World War. And here it is again," she told CBC News.

"I think the atrociousness, the weapons that are being used, and [how] indiscriminate the attacks are really surprises me."

Galadza says the embassy staff who are with her in Poland are continuing to help Ukrainians with Canadian connections make the best decisions they can, given the circumstances.

"We solve a lot of communications coming at us from people in Ukraine, contacts, counterparts, staff friends, family and we're trying to sort through all of that and channel it properly, provide the help that we can and pass important information on to the people who need it."

Narkiz Karieva and son Mohammed fled Odesa, the port city in southern Ukraine, for safety in Poland. (Stephanie Janzer/CBC)

She says most people she speaks with plan to return to Ukraine as soon as it is safe and don't want to leave the country as a long-term solution.

"I think everyone is optimistic that this is going to be a temporary thing, and … their kids and their spouses and their parents may be out for a little while. That's the feeling that I get."

But Galadza admits she's not so sure.

"I can tell you, reading my grandfather's memoirs, I think he knew he wasn't going back. This is my first experience of war, so, I don't know." 

WATCH | Mayor of western Ukrainian town describes his efforts to resist invasion:

Mayor of town in western Ukraine on impact of the war

6 months ago
Duration 9:54
Bogdan Kelichavyi, the mayor of Kopychyntsi in western Ukraine, and his Canadian-Ukrainian wife Mariya Tuzyk speak with CBC about the impact of the Russian invasion.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Chris Brown

Foreign Correspondent

Chris Brown is a foreign correspondent based in the CBC’s London bureau. Previously in Moscow, Chris has a passion for great stories and has travelled all over Canada and the world to find them.

With files from Stephanie Jenzer

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