World·CBC in Israel

How violent demonstrations in 2 Israeli towns threatened peaceful coexistence between Arabs and Jews

In the early days of the resurgence of violence between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza, a new kind of violence spread to Israeli streets. Demonstrations by Jewish-Israelis and Palestinian Arabs in Israel turned violent, with Arabs and Jews attacked and viciously beaten. Rebuilding trust won't be easy.

Communal violence swept across the country last month. Some Arabs and Jews are now trying to rebuild trust

Gas station attendant Dib Jurban says he's lucky to have survived after a mob of Jewish extremists demonstrated outside the station where he worked. His Jewish bosses helped hide him and another Arab employee to avoid being attacked by the violent mob. (Steven D'Souza/CBC)

The night of May 12 should have been one of celebration for Dib Jurban and Osmat Shab, but instead of going home after work to enjoy a meal with their families to mark the end of Ramadan, they spent five harrowing hours, hidden away in darkness, unsure if they would live to see the morning.

Their bosses, Naaman Stavy and his mother, Shoshy, became their protectors; concealing their hiding place from an angry mob of Jewish men who had surrounded the gas station his family had run for generations.

As violence between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza began to escalate last month, another kind of conflict emerged on Israeli streets. Angry mobs of Jews and Arabs roamed the streets, attacking and beating anyone from the other side.

It was the kind of ethnic violence not seen in Israel in decades. But what shocked so many, including staff at the gas station, is that the violence wasn't contained to traditional hotspots like the occupied West Bank or mixed cities like Lod.

It spread to every corner of the country, including those where small pockets of peaceful coexistence had been carefully stitched together over the years.

Naaman Stavy, 32, stands in front of the gas station kiosk, part of a station his family has owned and operated for generations that was the site of a violent demonstration last month. He says not enough attention is being paid to attacks by Jewish-Israelis on Palestinian Arabs in Israel during those violent nights. (Steven D'Souza/CBC)

'Why us of all people?'

Shoshy Stavy's grandfather opened the Paz gas station in 1952. It became a meeting place for Arabs and Jews, situated at a busy intersection not far from Caesaria, where Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has a home. There are also smaller Jewish and Arab towns nearby. 

Jurban and Shab have worked there for years. They knew customers by name, so to suddenly be hunted simply because they're Arab had them in disbelief.

"We said to each other, what do they want from us?" Jurban told CBC News through an interpreter.

"Both of us have worked here for over 15 years and everybody knows one another, so why us of all people?"

As he saw the mob of Jewish men approach that night, Naaman Stavy could immediately sense trouble. He had seen the violence in other parts of the country so his first thought was to protect his workers.

"They were prosecuting Arabs just because they were Arabs," he told CBC News. 

Osmat Shab, 47, said that during a five-hour ordeal in May he felt like he was going to have a heart attack. He and co-worker Dib Jurban hid from an angry Jewish mob, afraid for their lives, on a night when they should have been home celebrating the end of Ramadan. (Steven D'Souza/CBC)

That night, he said, had echoes of the Holocaust, of Jews hiding from the Nazis. Except now it was a Jew hiding Arabs from other Jews.

"It was pure hatred driven by ideology," he said. 

"When they did find someone they suspected was Arab, they hit windows with clubs. They had planks of wood; they broke the windows, and I saw drivers escaping terror," Naaman said.

'Any Arab we see here is dead'

Meanwhile, Shoshy tried to talk to the men in the crowd.

"They said, 'you don't have to worry, you're Jewish but any Arab we see here is dead,'" she told CBC News. 

She watched in horror as the crowd attacked an Arab man who was walking nearby.  

Shoshy Stavy stood outside her gas station for hours, protecting her employees and her property from a violent mob, among them Jewish extremists. She says the country's leadership has allowed Israeli society to become polarized leading to violence in areas that usually are beacons of coexistence. (Steven D'Souza/CBC News)

"Everyone was all over him and just kept beating and beating and beating him. He was already on the floor and they kept going," she said. "I've never witnessed such violence."

Luckily a nearby business owner rushed in and stood over the man, pushing the crowd back as Shoshy got police who were stationed nearby. Two Arab men were taken to hospital that night.

 As fires raged from barrels and the crowd swarmed anyone they suspected was Arab, Naaman said even he didn't feel safe.

"I was shouting, 'I'm a Jew, I'm Jewish, I'm Jewish.' And that was really terrifying," he said, noting some in the crowd asked about his political opinions, a sign he said that they were targeting anyone with left-wing views.

A symbol of coexistence firebombed

The seaside town of Akko is often held up as a beacon of coexistence in Israel, where about 21 per cent of citizens are Palestinian Arabs in Israel. A popular tourist destination, it's home to Uri Buri, a famous seafood restaurant owned by the colourful Uri Jeremias. 

The night before the violence at the gas station, and less than a week after he hosted an Iftar dinner to celebrate the end of Ramadan with community members of all faiths, Jeremias's restaurant was firebombed by a group of Arab rioters.

Uri Jeremias, owner of popular fish restaurant Uri Buri in Akko, Israel, surveys the damage after the restaurant was firebombed during a night of protests and violence last month. (Steven D'Souza/CBC)

"It's partly because I'm Jewish and partly because I'm representing the co-existence. Both of them together, it makes me an enemy of the radicals," Jeremias told CBC News standing in the blackened ruins of the restaurant.

Just before the attack, 20 guests and some of his Arab staff, including his chef and sous chef, hid in the back of the restaurant until it was safe to come out. But despite what they went through, Jeremias said he wouldn't be drawn into a never-ending spiral of retribution.

"I decided on the spot that I'm not going to start to open accounts with all the world and not be led by anger or revenge."

Now, as he begins to rebuild his restaurant, he said repairing the delicate balance between Arabs and Jews will be a long and gruelling task.

"One radical with the match in his hand can create the fire that 1,000 brave fire brigade people cannot extinguish."

Coexistence but not equality

In the aftermath of the terrible night at their gas station, a key question nagged at the Stavys: why weren't more people talking about it? It came amid larger riots in other cities and the peak of violence in Gaza, yet local news didn't seem interested in covering the attack. Only one paper wrote up the story.

"I think that because it was Jewish rioters attacking Arabs, it was less interesting than an Arab mob attacking Jews," Shoshy Stavy said.

The outside of Uri Buri restaurant is intact but it bears the scars of the fire that gutted the inside last month after a night of violent protests and attacks across Israel. Owner Uri Jeremias says his standing in the community as a symbol of coexistence made him a target for Arab extremists. (Steven D'Souza/CBC)

That the violence was so widespread was at least partially the result of a polarized political environment fomented by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, according to some analysts. 

"For 11 out of the last 12 years, it's been polarizing, polarizing to the point that Israeli society is ripping apart today," said Reuven Hazan, a political science professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

"What we need to do is a lot of domestic healing in Israel, not just what happened in the last few weeks with violence between Jews and Arabs in mixed cities." 

In Israel, there were hundreds of arrests and more than 500 people charged, but the majority of those brought in and facing prosecution are Palestinian Arabs. Six were arrested for the gas station riot, but only one person was charged, leading critics to accuse Israel of unequally applying the law.

Ongoing trauma

Weeks after the event, Naaman Stavy said he has trouble sleeping and anxiety. He said he believes some of those involved in the riots have returned to the store, acting as if everything was normal.

"If I see an Israeli flag, sadly it triggers me because it reminds me of the people who orchestrated these riots," he said.

Dib Jurban said he didn't come to work or leave his home for three days after it happened. Even now, he said he looks at customers with a suspicion that wasn't there before.

WATCH | Peaceful coexistance in 2 Israel towns threatened:

Peaceful coexistence between some of Israel’s Arabs and Jews under threat

The National

1 month ago
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How two violent nights impacted two neighbourhoods in Israel where Arabs and Jews had learned to peacefully coexist. 5:42

"I felt disorientated, afraid of everything that I see," Jurban said.

But despite what they experienced, he and Shab cling to a hope that the delicate fabric of coexistence can be slowly stitched back together.

"I don't hate anyone. I don't know what happened to those people; some of them we knew, some of them we see all the time, serve them,he said. "I don't know what went through their minds."

Corrections

  • A previous version of this story misspelled the last name of Naaman and Shoshy Stavy.
    Jun 07, 2021 1:22 PM ET

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Steven D'Souza

CBC News New York

Steven D'Souza is a Gemini-nominated journalist based in New York City. He has reported internationally from the papal conclave in Rome and the World Cup in Brazil, and he spent eight years in Toronto covering stories like the G20 protests and the Rob Ford crack video scandal.

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