ISIS recruitment methods exposed after Jordanian woman flees secret compound
Lawmaker whose son joined ISIS and died convinces young woman to return to her family
A Jordanian woman who came close to joining the Islamic State group described a sophisticated 14-month recruitment process by the extremists that she said landed her in a secret ISIS compound in Turkey with dozens of other women.
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The 25-year-old was eventually persuaded by Jordanian lawmaker Mazen Dalaeen — who earlier this year failed to extract his own son from the grip of ISIS recruiters — to return to her family.
The case highlights the systematic grooming of potential ISIS recruits through daily social media exchanges and follow-up on the ground for travel arrangements — in her case an envelope stuffed with cash for a plane ticket to Turkey, handed to her by a veiled woman in her home district of Karak in central Jordan.
The woman, jobless since earning a BA in psychology in 2011, said ISIS recruiters exploited her vulnerability.
'A new life'
"They used my frustration ... promising me a new life with a job and a house," she said in a phone conversation with Dalaeen after her return to Jordan last month.
A recording of the call was given to The Associated Press by the lawmaker, a vocal campaigner against the Islamic State group, which controls large areas of Jordan's neighbours Syria and Iraq in a self-declared caliphate.
They can penetrate young people's minds easily and change certain thoughts.- Jordanian lawmaker Mazen Dalaeen
The woman also described her experience in a Nov. 18 program on Jordan University's radio station, with her speaking by phone. Dalaeen provided further details in an interview with The Associated Press on Thursday.
The lawmaker said the case illustrates the extremists' deep reach into Jordan, an outspoken U.S. ally in a Western-Arab military coalition against ISIS.
"Daesh has a strong organization," Dalaeen said, using the Arabic term for ISIS. "They can penetrate young people's minds easily and change certain thoughts."
Undercurrent of discontent
Jordanian government officials have played down the extent of support for ISIS, saying any lingering public sympathies for the group vanished after it released a video in February that showed captured Jordanian fighter pilot Lt. Muath al-Kaseasbeh burning to death while trapped in a cage.
Observers say a strong undercurrent of discontent in Jordan creates tempting targets for ISIS recruiters. Like other countries in the region, Jordan struggles with high youth unemployment, including among university graduates, and there are few outlets for political dissent.
The Karak woman's father, a retired army officer, said his daughter and other young people fell prey to ISIS because of high unemployment and nepotism. He spoke on condition of anonymity to conceal his daughter's identity and turned down an AP request to interview her.
The story begins in Ai, the Karak district hometown of the woman, the pilot and the lawmaker.
Earlier this year, Dalaeen failed to foil the recruitment of his 23-year-old son Mohammed, who carried out a suicide attack on behalf of ISIS in Iraq in late September. The Karak woman's family sought Dalaeen's help after she sneaked off to Turkey in late October.
Dalaeen reached her on social media. He told her leaving home without her father's permission and traveling without a male chaperone violated Islamic principles and that this should make her question claims that ISIS represents the true Islam.
After a week, the woman's resolve to join ISIS weakened. But she was scared she would be imprisoned in Jordan or harmed for ostensibly staining the family honour. Dalaeen said he guaranteed a safe return.
Propaganda slaughter videos
At the time, she was living in a dormitory-style complex in Istanbul for about 50 women from the Arab world who were waiting to travel to ISIS-held areas, she said.
"There was a very big screen in the dorm where we watched videos of killings and calls for killing anyone who doesn't pray," she told the radio show.
She told Dalaeen that ISIS was "moving women from place to place for security reasons," gradually shifting them toward the Syrian border.
At one point, the Karak woman was able to evade the three female ISIS minders in her dorm and slip out, Dalaeen said.
A few hours later, while keeping in touch with Dalaeen, she met with Jordanian diplomats at a hotel in Istanbul. Dalaeen said she was questioned by Turkish intelligence before being put on a plane to Jordan.
After her return, details of her recruitment emerged.
The woman said that 14 months ago she was befriended on Facebook by a woman from Raqqa, the unofficial capital of the Islamic State group's caliphate in Syria. They talked about religion and ISIS. Other ISIS supporters also contacted her.
Over the next few months, "they started sending me more than 200 videos full of killing and slaughtering," she said. "Finally, I started enjoying [seeing] the killing."
She said she received more than 500 messages urging her to travel to join ISIS. Recruiters also asked her "to kill my father or even my brother because they are infidels and soldiers in the Jordanian security forces," she said.
Eventually, her contacts arranged a meeting in Karak with a veiled woman who spoke with a Jordanian accent and handed her an envelope with 350 dinars, about $680, for travel expenses, she said.
Active in Jordan
Daleen said ISIS recruiters have been active in his district. Forty-five young men from the area are fighting for ISIS and three more young women were approached about joining, he said.
Experts say about 3,000 Jordanians have joined ISIS in Iraq and Syria and between 400 and 450 have been killed fighting for the group. Jordan has imprisoned dozens of suspected ISIS sympathizers.
"We know we will win against those brutal murderers because we are defending the values of merciful Islam and world civilizations," government spokesman Mohammed Momani said.
Dalaeen believes ISIS must not be underestimated.
"Jordan, honestly, has been completely penetrated by this organization," he said.