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U.S. House panel pushes vote on impeachment articles against Trump to Friday

U.S. lawmakers moved closer on Thursday to impeaching Republican President Donald Trump, as members of a House of Representatives committee debated formal charges that are likely to be sent to the full House for a final vote next week.

Heated debate sets in motion a process that will probably move to a trial in the U.S. Senate

House judiciary committee chair Jerrold Nadler, left, and ranking Republican Doug Collins, right, spar early in Thursday's panel discussion. (Andrew Harrer/Pool via AP)

U.S. lawmakers will vote Friday on whether to move forward with impeaching President Donald Trump, as the Democratic head of the Judiciary committee shocked Republicans by declining to hold a late-night vote after a hearing that lasted more than 14 hours.

The committee had been expected to approve two articles of impeachment late on Thursday, setting up a vote by the Democratic-controlled House next week that is expected to make Trump the third president in U.S. history to be impeached.

Instead, judiciary committee chair Jerry Nadler sent lawmakers home for the night and said members would return to vote Friday at 10 a.m. ET.

The scheduling appeared to have nothing to do with the substance of the impeachment fight, but incensed Republican leaders who said afterward many were planning travel home on Friday and would now have to reset their schedules.

If the House impeaches Trump, who is charged with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress, he would then go on trial in the Senate. The Republican-led chamber is unlikely to vote to find the president guilty and remove him from office.

The House judiciary committee proceedings ground on through the afternoon and into the evening as Republicans, determined to stretch out the meeting, offered a series of amendments that would emasculate the articles of impeachment but had no hope of adoption.

2 articles introduced

Committee chair Jerrold Nadler of New York opened proceedings by asking for a full reading of the nine-page resolution, airing the two articles against the president introduced by Democrats for the live TV cameras. They charge Trump with abuse of power for asking Ukraine to investigate Democratic presidential candidate and former vice-president Joe Biden while withholding nearly $400 million in aid as leverage, and with obstruction of Congress for stonewalling the House's investigation.

The top Republican, Rep. Doug Collins of Georgia, swiftly interjected that the proceedings are a "farce" and should be halted until their side is provided its own chance for a hearing. The request was denied, with the chairman saying the process was in line with the impeachment hearings of Richard Nixon or Bill Clinton.

'The president will be held accountable for his abuse of power and his obstruction of Congress,' U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said. (Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

Ohio Republican Jim Jordan insisted Democrats are impeaching because "they don't like us" and read out a long list of Trump's accomplishments.

Nadler said the committee should consider whether the evidence shows that Trump committed these acts, whether they rise to the level of impeachable high crimes and misdemeanours and what the consequences are if they fail to act.

"When his time has passed, when his grip on our politics is gone, when our country returns, as surely it will, to calmer times and stronger leadership, history will look back on our actions here today," Nadler said. "How would you be remembered?"

Democrat in disbelief that Republicans could see Trump as anti-corruption crusader. 0:47

Republicans have argued that the aid was eventually released to Ukraine — it was released on Sept. 11, two days after committees in the Democratic-led House launched an investigation into efforts by Trump to pressure Ukraine — and that the president has the right to ensure countries who receive American aid are doing enough to root out corruption.

Maryland Democrat Jamie Raskin said he found it an astounding argument, given that Trump has had to pay millions as a result of allegations of corruption surrounding his Trump Foundation as well as the now-defunct Trump University.

"What do you know, you pick up the New York Times yesterday, President Trump had to pay $2 million US to charities because he ripped off his own charity. This is the anti-corruption crusader they want us to believe in," said Raskin, adding that Trump reduced anti-corruption funding for Ukraine.

Trump apparently watching

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi sounded confident Democrats will have the votes to impeach the president next week but said it is up to individual lawmakers to weigh the evidence and decide for themselves.

'"The fact is, we take an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States," Pelosi told reporters. "No one is above the law; the president will be held accountable for his abuse of power and his obstruction of Congress."

U.S. President Donald Trump could become the third president in U.S. history to be formally impeached. (Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Republicans requested another hearing and said their rights had been trampled in the inquiry, but were voted down by the panel's Democratic majority. Republicans also moved to strike the first charge of abuse of power, but the committee rejected it on a party-line vote.

Trump appeared to be watching some of the proceedings on Thursday, tweeting rebuttals to Democratic arguments as they were made. He said Democrats were misrepresenting his talks with Ukraine and called the proceedings a "phoney hearing."

The articles of impeachment

Article 1

In the impeachment context, abuse of power is generally defined as using the vast powers of the presidency for personal benefit.

Abuse of power is not specifically listed as an impeachable offence in the U.S. Constitution, which states that a president can be removed from office for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours."

But the founders of the United States intended the phrase "other high crimes and misdemeanours" to broadly encompass abuses of power, legal scholars said.

Article 2

Democrats levelled the obstruction charge based on Trump's stonewalling of the House's impeachment inquiry.

The White House has refused to provide documents to congressional investigators and has instructed top advisers and government officials to defy subpoenas and refuse to testify.

Democrats say Trump, right, abused his power in a July 25 phone call when he asked Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky, centre, for a favour in investigating Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. (Bastiann Slabbers, Ludovic Marin, Yuri Gripas/Reuters)

Contempt of Congress is a misdemeanour crime under U.S. law, which defines the offence as wilfully failing to provide testimony or documents to Congress.

The White House has argued that the Constitution does not require senior presidential advisers to appear for compelled testimony before Congress. A judge rejected that argument on Nov. 25 in a dispute over a subpoena issued to former White House counsel Don McGahn.

What to expect

Week of Dec. 15

The House is expected to vote on the charges, possibly after holding a daylong debate that could involve all 431 of its current legislators. If the full House voted to approve the articles, Trump would become only the third president in U.S. history to be impeached. He would remain in office, however, pending a trial in the Senate.

If the impeachment is approved, the House would select lawmakers known as managers to present the case against Trump at a Senate trial. House Democrats say most of the managers are likely to come from the judiciary committee, and possibly from the intelligence committee that led the investigation.

Early January

Trump would face a trial in the Senate to determine whether he should be convicted and ousted from office. The Senate is controlled by Trump's fellow Republicans, who have shown little sign they will find him guilty. A two-thirds majority of those present in the 100-member chamber would be needed to convict Trump.

U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts would preside over the trial. House managers would present their case against Trump, and the president's legal team would respond. Senators would act as jurors. A trial could involve testimony from witnesses and a gruelling schedule in which proceedings occur six days a week for as many as six weeks.

Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell said on Tuesday a majority of the Senate could approve a shorter process by voting on the articles of impeachment after opening arguments, without witnesses.

The history

This is the fourth time in history Congress has moved to impeach a president.

Bill Clinton was the last president impeached by the House, in 1998. As with President Andrew Johnson in the 19th century, Clinton was acquitted in the Senate. Richard Nixon resigned from office in 1974 after articles of impeachment were approved but before a Senate trial could take place. 

With files from The Associated Press and CBC News

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