World

How Al-Jazeera journalist Baher Mohamed is coping

Al-Jazeera English journalist Mohamed Baher, freed on bail but still facing a retrial along with Canadian colleague Mohamed Fahmy, is getting to know his six-month-old son and spending time with his two other young children.

Egyptian optimistic and 'lives in the present' while out on bail

Baher Mohamed holds his son, Haroun, at his home on Feb. 14. The journalist with Al-Jazeera English learned that his wife was pregnant two weeks after he was arrested on Dec. 29, 2013. (Mosa'ab Elshamy/Associated Press)

An Al-Jazeera English journalist who is getting to know his six-month-old son for the first time after spending more than a year in Egyptian prisons said Tuesday he was optimistic that a retrial beginning next week would exonerate him.

Baher Mohammed, 31, was initially sentenced to 10 years before an appeals court ordered a retrial for him and colleagues Mohamed Fahmy and Peter Greste. The three were initially convicted of terrorism-related charges in a trial widely derided as political by rights groups and fellow journalists.

Greste, an Australian, was deported home on Feb. 1. Fahmy, a dual Egyptian-Canadian national, dropped his Egyptian citizenship at the nudging of Egyptian security officials who told him it was the only way he would benefit from a new law that allows foreigners to be deported during their trials.

Baher Mohammed plays with his dog Gatsby on Feb. 14, two days after being released on bail, at his home in 6 October City, a suburb southwest of Cairo. He and fellow journalist Mohamed Fahmy are free pending their retrial, scheduled for Feb. 23. A third colleague, Peter Greste, was released two weeks ago and deported to his home country of Australia. (Mosa'ab Elshamy/Associated Press)

He and Mohammed were released Friday, but must report each day to the local police station until their new trial begins Monday.

"I am just optimistic but I decided not to (have) any expectations. I decided to live the present time, to enjoy my limited freedom. I am happy with it," Mohammed said at his home in a Cairo suburb, where he has been reunited with his wife, his three kids, his parents and his Caucasian Shepherd.

Mohammed learned his wife was pregnant with their third child two weeks after he was arrested at his house in the middle of the night in December 2013. Security forces shot the dog, then a puppy, as they stormed his house and searched it, confiscating equipment and money.

Now his newborn son Haroun is six months old and his dog Gatsby's leg has healed.

Jihan Rashed, wife of Al-Jazeera English journalist Baher Mohamed, wipes away a tear after hearing that her husband has been granted bail at a court in Cairo on Feb. 12. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)

"I missed six months of (Haroun's) life. Can you imagine? And I can't get those six months back," he said. "Only the day before yesterday I started to make him smile and that was amazing. Finally I am building a relationship with him."

Mohammed said he spent 411 days in three different prisons in Egypt, including a maximum security facility where he had to sleep on a damp cement floor in a cell six and a half feet wide.

During his time behind bars Mohammed put together a nightly variety show of sorts with other inmates that included commentary on current events, reading poetry and singing. During some of the mock shows he and Fahmy grilled senior Islamist politicians who had been detained after the 2013 military overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi.

"We received some answers. Some other things we couldn't get an answer for," he said.\

Hazem and Fairouz, two of Baher Mohamed's children, play during an interview of their mother by AFP journalists on Feb. 5 in Cairo. (Mohamed el-Shahed/AFP/Getty Images)

Mohammed said his younger kids, Hazem, 5, and Fairouz, 4, would come with their mother to visit him once a week, after he was removed from the maximum security prison. But they never knew their father was imprisoned. They always thought he was at work.

"Every time I try to go open the door, they cry. They think I am leaving, going to work," he said.

So he hasn't left his family since being released on Friday.

Mohammed expressed gratitude at the international campaign by rights groups and fellow journalists calling for his release, saying it gave him strength and had probably played a key role in authorities granting him a new trial.

It's a campaign he hopes to join once his own struggle is over.

Canadian Mohamed Fahmy was arrested in December 2013 along with fellow Al-Jazeera journalists Peter Greste of Australia and Egyptian Baher Mohamed. Greste was released from jail and deported on Feb. 1, but his two colleagues remained incarcerated until they were granted bail on Feb. 12. (John Badcock/CBC )

"Even if they set me and Fahmy free, freedom of expression will remain behind bars because there are many other Egyptian journalists still behind bars," he said.

"After I saw this amazing unity of the journalist community supporting us and freedom of the press, it is my responsibility to keep this pressure to help immediately call for the release of each single journalist."

There are at least nine other journalists in detention in Egypt. The Committee to Protect Journalists listed Egypt in 2014 as one of the 10 worst jailers of journalists around the world, along with China, Iran, Turkey and Ethiopia.

One reporter, freelance photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zeid, has been in detention for over 550 days without charges. His detention was renewed indefinitely on Monday.

The initial trial of the Al-Jazeera English reporters opened last February, nearly two months after the three were arrested and charged with aiding Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood, which is now officially branded a terrorist group and has been the target of a sweeping crackdown.

Rights groups described the trial as a sham, saying the court produced no evidence to support the charges. The journalists and their network said they were caught in a political dispute between Egypt and Qatar, which sponsors Al-Jazeera and had been a strong backer of Morsi during his divisive year in power.

Mohammed said he was hopeful that the new panel of judges would free him and his colleagues based on the appeals court finding that the evidence presented by prosecutors was flawed.

"After the first trial I decided to give up any expectations because when ... they don't come true, it harms you inside. So I decided to give up dreaming as well."

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