George Floyd was lovingly remembered Tuesday as Big Floyd — a "gentle giant," a father and brother, athlete and mentor, and now a force for change — at a funeral for the Black man whose death has sparked a global reckoning over police brutality and racial prejudice.
"George Floyd was not expendable. This is why we're here," Democratic Rep. Al Green of Texas told the crowd at the Fountain of Praise Church in Houston. "His crime was that he was born Black. That was his only crime. George Floyd deserved the dignity and respect that we accord all people just because they are children of a common God."
Floyd's brother, Philonise, told mourners: "Third Ward, Cuney Homes, that's where he was born at … But everybody is going to remember him around the world. He is going to change the world."
Floyd, 46, cried out for his mother and pleaded he couldn't breathe as a white Minneapolis police officer pressed a knee on his neck May 25. Video of the encounter ignited protests and scattered violence in cities across the U.S. and around the world.
While the service was private, at least 50 people gathered outside the church to pay their respects.
"There's a real big change going on and everybody, especially Black, right now should be a part of that," said Kersey Biagase, who travelled more than three hours from Port Barre, La., with his girlfriend, Brandy Pickney.
Family members speak
Dozens of Floyd's family members, most dressed in white, were led into the sanctuary by the Rev. Al Sharpton, the civil rights activist.
They gave tearful tributes and made impassioned demands for justice at his funeral. They gathered around the church podium and stepped up one at a time to talk about about their lost loved one.
His aunt, Kathleen McGee, laughed as she remembered the child her family knew as Perry Jr., calling him a "pesky little rascal, but we loved him."
His sister, LaTonya Floyd, was almost too overwhelmed to talk, wiping away tears and lowering her face mask to say "I'm going to miss my brother a whole lot and I love you. And I thank God for giving me my own personal Superman."
Brooke Williams, a niece, called for change to what she called "a corrupt and broken system."
WATCH | Floyd's niece delivers passionate, political tribute:
One of several pastors who spoke said Floyd, a man from humble beginnings, has changed the world. "Out of his death has come a movement, a worldwide movement," said Rev. Bill Lawson, who once marched with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. "But that movement is not going to stop after two weeks, three weeks, a month. That movement is going to change the world."
In a video eulogy played at the service, former vice-president Joe Biden, the Democratic presidential candidate, said: "No child should have to ask questions that too many Black children have had to ask for generations: Why?" He continued, "Now is the time for racial justice. That is the answer we must give to our children when they ask why."
Biden made no mention of politics. But other speakers took swipes at President Donald Trump, who has ignored demands to address racial bias and has called on authorities crack down hard on lawlessness.
"The president talks about bringing in the military, but he did not say one word about eight minutes and 46 seconds of police murder of George Floyd," Sharpton said. "He challenged China on human rights. But what about the human right of George Floyd?"
Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner brought the crowd to its feet when he announced he will sign an executive order banning police chokeholds in the city.
WATCH | Houston mayor brings mourners to their feet:
Following the service, Floyd's golden casket was taken by hearse toward the cemetery in the Houston suburb of Pearland where he was to be entombed next to his mother. A couple of kilometres from the graveyard, the casket was transferred to a glass-sided carriage drawn by a pair of white horses.
Hundreds gathered along the procession route and outside the cemetery entrance in the heat, which topped 30 C.
"We're out here for a purpose. That purpose is because first of all he's our brother. Second, we want to see change," said Marcus Brooks, 47, who set up a tent along the route with other graduates of Jack Yates High School, Floyd's alma mater. "I don't want to see any Black man, any man, but most definitely not a Black man sitting on the ground in the hands of bad police."
'So much for social distancing'
Mourners at the funeral included rapper Trae tha Truth, U.S. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee from the Houston area, and the city's police chief, Art Acevedo. Nearly all the pews were full, with relatively little space between people.
"So much for social distancing today," the Rev. Remus Wright told mourners, gently but firmly instructing those attending to don face masks because of the pandemic.
Many people fanned themselves with paper fans bearing an image of Floyd.
Floyd "often spoke about being world famous one day, and he has managed to make that happen in his death," the funeral program said.
The hours-long service came one day after about 6,000 people attended a public memorial Monday in Houston, waiting for hours under baking sun to pay their respects to Floyd, whose body lay in an open gold-coloured casket.
WATCH | Steven D'Souza reports from the funeral of George Floyd:
Over the past six days, memorials for Floyd were also held in Minneapolis, where he lived in recent years, and Raeford, North Carolina, near where he was born.
Four Minneapolis officers were charged in connection with Floyd's death, which was captured on video by bystanders.
Floyd's death sparked international protests and drew new attention to the treatment of African Americans in the U.S. by police and the criminal justice system. In the past two weeks, sweeping and previously unthinkable things have taken place: Confederate statues have been toppled, police departments around America have rethought the way they patrol minority neighbourhoods, legislatures have debated use-of-force policies, and white, black and brown people have had uncomfortable, sometimes heated, discussions about race in a nation that is supposed to ensure equal opportunity for all.
'We will get justice'
Calls for police reform have cropped up in many communities, and people around the world have taken to the streets in solidarity, saying that reforms and dialogue must not stop with Floyd's funeral.
The memorials have drawn the families of black victims in other high-profile killings whose names have become seared into America's conversations on race — among them Eric Garner, Michael Brown, Ahmaud Arbery and Trayvon Martin.
"It just hurts," said Philonise Floyd, George Floyd's brother, sobbing as he ticked off some of their names outside the church. "We will get justice. We will get it. We will not let this door close."