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Hong Kong Occupy Central protest leaders surrender to police

Leaders of Hong Kong's Occupy Central movement surrendered to police on Wednesday for their role in democracy protests that the government has deemed illegal, the latest sign that the civil disobedience campaign may be running out of steam.

Trio allowed to leave station without facing any charges

Benny Tai, right, an original founder of the pro-democracy Occupy movement, Chu Yiu-ming, left, and Chan Kin-man surrender to police in Hong Kong on Wednesday. (Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images)

Leaders of Hong Kong's Occupy Central movement surrendered to police on Wednesday for their role in democracy protests that the government has deemed illegal, the latest sign that the civil disobedience campaign may be running out of steam.

Three founders turned themselves in a day after calling on students to retreat from protest sites in the Asia financial centre amid fears of further violence, just hours after student leader Joshua Wong had called on supporters to regroup.

Pro-Beijing groups taunted Benny Tai, Chan Kin-man and Reverend Chu Yiu-ming as they entered a police station just two subway stops from the main protest site in Admiralty, next to the Chinese-controlled city's financial centre.

The three, accompanied by Cardinal Joseph Zen, 82, former Catholic Bishop of Hong Kong, filled in forms, giving personal information, and were allowed to leave without facing any charges.

More than 100,000 people took to the streets at the height of the demonstrations but numbers have dwindled to a few hundred, mostly students, and public support has waned as the protests blocked key roads and disrupted business.

Some students defied calls for them to retreat and vowed to stay put at protest sites to press their call for free elections for the city's next leader in 2017.

Anti-Occupy Central movement protesters hold placards and shout slogans as the movement founders prepare to surrender to police. (Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images)

But Jean Pierre Cabestan, an expert in Chinese politics at Hong Kong Baptist University, said the Occupy movement was "in tatters".

"The trouble and one of the weaknesses of the movement is there's not much coordination between the Hong Kong Federation of Students and the pan-democrats," he told foreign correspondents in Beijing.

The protesters are united in their calls for democracy for the former British colony but are split over tactics, two months after the demonstrations, also branded illegal by Beijing, began.

"Illegal demands cannot be granted, especially those expressed by illegal and extreme methods," the overseas edition of the Chinese Communist Party's official People's Daily said.

The Occupy call for students to pull back came a day after clashes between police and protesters in Admiralty after activists tried to ring government headquarters.

Police charged into the protesters, raining down truncheon blows and squirting jets of incapacitating "pava" spray. Scores of activists and police were wounded.

Pro-democracy media mogul Jimmy Lai said the students should withdraw.

"If [the protest] keeps dragging on, it will wear down their willpower, which is exactly what Beijing wants," he told reporters.

Authorities cleared protesters from the working-class district of Mong Kok across the harbour last week, triggering running battles as students tried to regroup.

A small group remains camped out in the busy shopping district of Causeway Bay, but the bulk are in nearby Admiralty where students have erected a makeshift village.

Hong Kong returned to Chinese Communist Party rule in 1997 under a "one country, two systems" formula that gave it some autonomy from the mainland and a promise of eventual universal suffrage.

Beijing has insisted on screening any candidates for city leader first.

The Occupy Central movement had planned to lock down the heart of the financial centre around the first week of October but violent clashes between riot police and students at the end of September got the action off to an early start.

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