Fitness guru Jack LaLanne's exercise legacy
U.S. fitness pioneer's death at 96 stirs thoughts of other exercise experts
The weekend death of 96-year-old fitness icon Jack LaLanne, who used little more than a chair and a towel to create exercise programs that spurred television viewers to get off the couch, is a reminder of how much he shaped the industry.
LaLanne, known as the godfather of modern fitness, continued to work out two hours each morning and eat at least 10 raw vegetables and five fresh fruits a day well into his 90s.
He died of respiratory failure due to pneumonia on Jan. 23, 2011, at his home in Morro Bay on California's central coast.
LaLanne credited exercise with changing his life as a teen, and spent the next eight decades encouraging physical activity and healthy living with the mindset that "inactivity is the killer and, remember, it's never too late."
LaLanne's television show, which began in 1951 and spanned three decades, reached out to the masses. Despite his propensity for vigorous exercise — which included heavy weight training long before it became popular — his training consisted of simple exercises that could be done in the living room, the backyard or anywhere you could fit your body.
LaLanne's just-move-it approach to exercise gained popularity in the 1950s and fitness evolved from the simple, do-it-anywhere, low-cost concept, to a multibillion-dollar industry that pushed hardcore, high-impact workouts. Given the aging population and the epidemic of inactivity and obesity in the past decade or so, the fitness movement is once again advocating simple, daily physical activity.
Here's a look at other famous fitness leaders, and the messages they have preached.
Texas beauty Debbie Drake was considered a fitness trailblazer as the first woman to star in her own daily exercise show, which debuted in 1960 across North America. She remained on the air, with Debbie Drake's Dancercize, until 1978. She also branched out into books, like Debbie Drake's Easy Way to a Perfect Figure and Glowing Health, and record albums, including Look Good! Feel Great! and How to Keep Your Husband Happy. Drake is still active in promoting exercise and positive lifestyles.
Who could forget American actor-turned political activist-turned fitness guru Jane Fonda, with her lean and lithe body in those slouchy workout socks and body-hugging tights? Inspired by her bestselling book, Jane Fonda's Workout Book, she released her first exercise video, Jane Fonda's Workout, in 1982. The video sold 17 million copies.
Fonda subsequently released 23 workout videos, five workout books and 13 audio programs. Now in her 70s, Fonda has relaunched her Jane Fonda Workout brand with a new team of young trainers, with walking and strength-training videos aimed at older people.
Bess Motta, Arlaine Wright and other divas in Flashdance -inspired exercise gear led North Americans in sexy aerobic sweat-fests known as 20 Minute Workout. Hailed at the time as the first aerobic workout TV show featuring a group of physically fit exercisers, the provocative Canadian-produced show was first broadcast in the early 1980s and in rerun syndication until the mid- to late 1980s (and as recently as the early '90s in countries like Canada). Each program had a designated group leader who was wired for sound and gave the exercise instructions. The series advocated a high-impact form of exercise that has now pretty much gone by the wayside.
Jillian Michaels and Bob Harper are the drill sergeants who put obese contestants on the U.S. reality show The Biggest Loser through gruelling workouts meant to turn them from fat to fab in a matter of weeks.
Launched in the early 2000s, the show has been a ratings hit, but has also been criticized for setting unrealistic expectations for the average person.