EU leaders far from deal on COVID-19 recovery fund in 1st in-person summit since pandemic
Members bicker over which countries should pay, receive most of $2.87T fund
European Union leaders headed into Saturday, the scheduled final day of their summit, about as far apart from reaching a deal on an unprecedented 1.85 trillion euro ($2.87 trillion Cdn) EU budget and coronavirus recovery fund as the seating distance imposed upon them for health reasons.
The prescient words of German Chancellor Angela Merkel that "the differences are still very, very big" were borne out during marathon talks since early Friday, and not even a partial breakthrough was on the horizon as negotiators headed into the weekend.
After two full sessions, summit host and European Council President Charles Michel worked with individual nations to narrow down their sizeable differences over who should give and get the money and under what conditions.
On a terrace at the top of the summit centre overlooking the Belgian capital late Friday, Michel had talks with Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and his Hungarian counterpart Viktor Orban — many of the opposing forces that could turn the summit into a failure by Saturday night. After a long dinner, the talks broke up just before midnight.
Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis said that on several key issues, "I don't have the impression that we are getting close to an agreement."
Macron underscored the importance of the challenge. "It is our project Europe that is at stake."
The challenges facing the 27 EU leaders are formidable. The bloc is suffering the worst recession in its history and member states are fighting over who should pay the most to help other countries and which nations should get the most to turn around their battered economies.
As the summit got underway all leaders were wearing masks. The usual hugs, handshakes and kisses were replaced by friendly nods and elbow bumps. The jovial atmosphere quickly changed to hard business and what is slated as a two-day meeting could go even longer, if necessary, to bridge the differences between leaders.
The urgency is such that the leaders have ended a string of coronavirus-enforced videoconference summits and are meeting in person for the first time since the pandemic began its devastating sweep around the globe.
The usual summit venue, an intimate room high up in the urn-shaped Europa centre, was deemed too snug to be safe and instead the leaders have been sent down to meeting room EBS-5, whose 850 square metres normally fits 330 people.
EU leaders are meeting physically in Brussels for the first time since the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COVID19?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#COVID19</a> outbreak. Several hygiene measures make sure that everybody stays safe during the meeting. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/EUCO?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#EUCO</a> <a href="https://t.co/duXBQwB43I">pic.twitter.com/duXBQwB43I</a>—@EUCouncil
Delegations were cut to a minimum, leaving leaders more dependent on their own knowledge of complicated dossiers. It could well give an edge to Merkel, who has been in office for 15 years and seen countless leaders come and go.
Since the pandemic struck, she has been seen as a safe pair of hands to lead her country through the crisis and now that Germany holds the rotating six-month EU presidency her stature will be even greater at the summit. On top of that, she is celebrating her 66th birthday on Friday.
The members were already fighting bitterly over the seven-year, 1-trillion-euro ($1.55 trillion Cdn) EU budget when COVID-19 was still a local story in Wuhan, China, late last year. Then the virus hit the EU head-on.
It sent the EU into a panic as it was at a loss on how to co-ordinate the policies of its member states early on. Now, the EU's executive is proposing a 750-billion-euro ($1.16 trillion Cdn) recovery fund, partly based on common borrowing, to be sent as loans and grants to the most needy countries.
Merkel, who is in her last term and has her political legacy at stake, already got Germany to agree to join in a common debt program to alleviate the economic suffering in mostly southern and eastern member states.
And she has agreed to include grants and not just loans in the recovery package to avoid overburdening member states that already have high debt.
Rutte doesn't like that and Dutch officials said they would stick to their tough line, raising the spectre of a further summit being needed.
There are also plans to link budget funds to respect for basic democratic rights that the European Parliament says are under threat in nations like Hungary and Poland. Some eastern European nations will be objecting to having that as part of the deal.
Orban was clear Friday he would fight any such strings attached to the plan. "Our odds are continually improving," the Hungarian prime minister said.