Eiffel Tower to be closed as Paris braces for more 'yellow vest' protests

The Eiffel Tower and the Louvre museum will be among the dozens of popular tourist attractions shuttered in Paris on Saturday as French authorities tighten security to prevent another outbreak of violence following three weeks of anti-government protests.

8,000 police mobilized in French capital after worst street violence in decades last weekend

Iconic Parisian attractions such as the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre were closed on Saturday as police prepared for a fourth weekend of demonstrations in the French capital.

The Eiffel Tower and the Louvre museum will be among the dozens of popular tourist attractions shuttered in Paris on Saturday as French authorities tighten security to prevent another outbreak of violence following three weeks of anti-government protests.

At the height of the festive shopping season, many retailers have said they will remain shut for the day for fear they may be in the line of any unrest between protesters and police.

In addition to the 8,000 police forces that will be deployed in the French capital city, the Paris police prefect has identified 14 high-risk sectors that will be cleared out.

Fearing protesters could target street furniture and use material found at construction sites as makeshift weapons, Paris police will remove all the glass containers, railings and building machines set up in the identified sectors which include the world-renowned and glitzy Champs-​Élysées avenue.

"According to the information we have, some radicalized and rebellious people will try to get mobilized tomorrow," Interior Minister Christophe Castaner told a news conference on Friday. "Some ultra-violent people want to take part."

Members of the "yellow vest" movement — a reference to the fluorescent safety outfits French motorists must by law keep in their cars — were to meet with French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe on Friday evening, according to a government spokesperson who said the sit-down would focus on protesters' demands.

Meanwhile, many shop owners across the French capital were getting ready for the violence, setting up walls with wooden boards to protect their windows.

The Nicolas wine chain, one of the biggest retailers in the country, cancelled all its wine tasting sessions scheduled for Saturday.

"It's with an immense sadness that we'll see our city partially brought to a halt, but your safety is our priority," Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo said. "Take care of Paris on Saturday because Paris belongs to all the French people."

Police mobilized across France

Across the country some 89,000 police will be mobilized, up from 65,000 last weekend when more than 130 people were injured and over 400 were arrested in the worst street violence seen in Paris in decades. And authorities have also cancelled six French league soccer matches this weekend around the country.

Since the unrest began on Nov. 17 in reaction to a sharp increase in diesel taxes, four people have been killed in accidents.

Students attend a demonstration in Paris on Friday, almost a week after protests led to the worst street violence in the capital in decades. The 'yellow jacket' protests have expanded beyond their initial target — a planned fuel tax hike — to include issues affecting French workers, retirees and students. (Benoit Tessier/Reuters)

Amid the unrest, some of the protesters, French union officials and prominent politicians across the political spectrum have urged calm especially as French President Emmanuel Macron agreed to abandon the fuel tax hike that triggered the movement.

However, protesters' demands have now expanded to other issues hurting French workers, retirees and students.

Outcry after video shows students' arrest

Students opposing an education reform protested again Friday, a day after footage widely shared on social media showing the arrest of high school students protesting outside Paris prompted an outcry.

Trade unions and far-left parties have lashed out at perceived police brutality.

The images, filmed Thursday at Mantes-la-Jolie, showed a group of students on their knees with their hands behind their head. They are being watched over by armed police officers whose faces are hidden by ski masks.

Workers remove the words 'The Yellow Vests will Triumph,' which protesters spray painted on the Arc de Triomphe last week. (Benoit Tessier/Reuters)

Interior minister Christophe Castaner said that 151 people were arrested in the small town, adding that some of them carried weapons. He said none of the students were injured.

The rioting has also had an economic impact at the height of the holiday shopping season. Rampaging groups last weekend threw cobblestones through Paris storefronts and looted valuables in some of the city's richest neighbourhoods.

The national federation of French markets said its members registered "an average fall of their estimated figures between 30 and 40 per cent since the beginning of the movement of the yellow vests."

In addition to the closure of the Eiffel Tower, many shops and museums across France, including the Louvre, the Musée d'Orsay and the Grand Palais, will keep their doors shut on Saturday for safety reasons.

"We need to protect culture sites in Paris but also everywhere in France," Culture Minister Franck Riester told RTL radio.

In Paris, police officers will be equipped with a dozen armoured vehicles that could be used for the first time in a French urban area since 2005.

"These vehicles can be very useful to protect buildings," said Stanislas Gaudon, the head of police union Alliance. "And in case they set up barricades, we can quickly clear out the space and let our units progress."