Earl Ringo Jr. executed in Missouri after losing appeal over midazolam
Drug has been part of problematic lethal injections this year
A Missouri inmate was put to death early Wednesday for killing two people during a restaurant robbery in 1998, the eighth execution in the state this year and the 10th since November.
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Earl Ringo Jr. and an accomplice killed delivery driver Dennis Poyser and manager trainee JoAnna Baysinger at a Ruby Tuesday in Columbia in the early hours of July 4, 1998. Poyser and Baysinger were shot to death at point-blank range.
Courts and Gov. Jay Nixon had refused to halt the execution over concerns raised by Ringo's attorneys, who, among other things, questioned Missouri's use of a pre-execution sedative, midazolam. Attorneys argued that the drug could dull Ringo's senses and leave him unable to express any pain or suffering during the process.
Ringo declined to take any sedative, including midazolam, the Corrections Department said.
Midazolam has come under scrutiny after it was used in problematic executions earlier this year in Ohio, Oklahoma and Arizona. In each case, witnesses said the inmates gasped after their executions began and continued to labor for air before being pronounced dead.
A clemency petition to Nixon had also cited concerns about the fact that Ringo was convicted and sentenced to death by an all-white jury.
On July 3, 1998, Ringo shared with Quentin Jones his plan to rob the Ruby Tuesday where he once worked. Jones agreed to join him.
Before sunrise the next day, the two hid behind a grease pit in the back of the restaurant. Poyser and Baysinger arrived and entered the restaurant. Ringo followed them and shot Poyser, 45, killing him instantly.
He ordered Baysinger, 22, to open a safe. She pulled out $1,400 US and gave it to him.
Ringo gave the gun to Jones, who stood with the weapon pointed at Baysinger's head for a minute and a half before pulling the trigger.
Co-accused testified, was spared death penalty
Interviews with restaurant workers and former workers led police to Ringo, according to Kevin Crane, who was the Boone County prosecutor at the time. Detectives found a blue ski mask, gun receipt, bulletproof vest and other evidence at the home of Ringo's mother.
Ringo admitted to the robbery but claimed the shootings were in self-defence. He was convicted in 1999 and sentenced to death.
Jama Brown, who was married to Poyser for 24 years, asked that people remember the victims.
"I can only tell you there is not a day that goes by that I don't think of him or wonder what my life would be like today, not only for myself, but for my kids," she said.
Jones, of Louisville, Kentucky, pleaded guilty to first-degree murder and was sentenced to life in prison, but he was spared the death penalty when he agreed to testify against Ringo.
Ringo's lawyers had asked a federal appeals court to postpone the execution until a hearing over Missouri's use of midazolam. Attorney Richard Sindel claimed that Missouri's use of midazolam essentially violates its own protocol, which provides for pentobarbital as the lone execution drug.
St. Louis Public Radio reported last week that Missouri administered midazolam to all nine inmates put to death since November. Corrections department spokesman David Owen said midazolam "is used to relieve the offender's level of anxiety" and is not part of the actual execution process.
The execution was one of two scheduled for Wednesday in the U.S.
Texas was scheduled to execute Willie Trottie later in the day for killing his common-law wife and her brother in 1993. Trottie's execution would be Texas' eighth this year.
Florida has performed seven executions in 2014, and all other states have a combined six.