Photo of drowned migrants along U.S.-Mexico border underlines perils of crossing over
WARNING: This story contains a graphic image
The man and his 23-month-old daughter lay face down in shallow water along the bank of the Rio Grande, his black shirt hiked up to his chest with the girl tucked inside. Her arm was draped around his neck, suggesting she clung to him in her final moments.
The searing photograph of the sad discovery of their bodies on Monday was captured by journalist Julia Le Duc and published by Mexican newspaper La Jornada. It highlights the perils faced by mostly Central American migrants fleeing violence and poverty, and hoping for asylum in the United States.
According to Le Duc's reporting for La Jornada, Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez, frustrated because the family from El Salvador was unable to present themselves to U.S. authorities and request asylum, swam across the river on Sunday with his daughter Valeria.
He set her on the U.S. bank of the river and started back for his wife, Tania Vanessa Avalos, but seeing him move away, the girl threw herself into the waters. Martinez returned and was able to grab Valeria, but the current swept them both away.
The account was based on remarks by Avalos to police at the scene — "amid tears" and "screams" — Le Duc told The Associated Press. CBC News has not independently verified the circumstances of their deaths.
A Tamaulipas government official who was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity, and Martinez's mother in El Salvador, Rosa Ramirez, who spoke with her daughter-in-law by phone afterward on Tuesday detailed the incident.
"When the girl jumped in is when he tried to reach her, but when he tried to grab the girl, he went in further ... and he couldn't get out," Ramirez told AP. "He put her in his shirt, and I imagine he told himself, 'I've come this far' and decided to go with her."
U.S. Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer brought a printout of the photo of Martinez and his daughter to the Senate and called on President Donald Trump to see that "these are not drug dealers or vagrants or criminals."
"The president's actions at the border are a whirlwind of incompetence leading to pictures like this. We've got to change our policies. So, President Trump, if you want to know the real reason there's chaos at the border, look in the mirror. The president continues to blame Democrats, but the real problem is the president," Schumer said.
Watch Schumer call out Trump on the Senate floor:
From the scorching Sonoran Desert to the fast-moving Rio Grande, the U.S.-Mexico border that spans more than 3,200 kilometres has long been an at-times deadly crossing between ports of entry. A total of 283 migrant deaths were recorded last year; the toll so far this year has not been released.
In recent weeks alone:
- Two babies, a toddler and a woman were found dead on Sunday, overcome by the sweltering heat.
- Three children and an adult from Honduras died in April after their raft capsized on the Rio Grande.
- A six-year-old from India was found dead earlier this month in Arizona, where temperatures routinely soar well above 37 C.
The search for Martinez and his daughter was suspended Sunday due to darkness, and their bodies were discovered the next morning near Matamoros, Mexico, across from Brownsville, Texas, several hundred metres from where they had tried to cross and just a kilometre from an international bridge.
"The deaths of Oscar and Valeria represent a failure to address the violence and desperation pushing people to take journeys of danger for the prospect of a life in safety and dignity," UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said in a statement released by UNHCR.
Officials warn against crossing Rio Grande
Tamaulipas immigration and civil defence officials have been touring shelters for weeks to warn against attempting to cross the river, said to be swollen with water released from dams for irrigation. On the surface, the Rio Grande appears placid, but strong currents run beneath.
Ramirez said her son and his family left El Salvador on April 3 and spent about two months at a shelter in Tapachula, near Mexico's border with Guatemala.
"I begged them not to go, but he wanted to scrape together money to build a home," Ramirez said. "They hoped to be there a few years and save up for the house."
El Salvador's Foreign Ministry said it was working to assist the family including Avalos, who was at a border migrant shelter following the drownings. The bodies were expected to be flown to El Salvador on Thursday.
The photo recalls the 2015 image of a three-year-old Syrian boy who drowned in the Mediterranean near Turkey, though it remains to be seen whether it may have the same impact in focusing international attention on migration to the U.S.
"Very regrettable that this would happen," Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said Tuesday in response to a question about the photograph. "We have always denounced that as there is more rejection in the United States, there are people who lose their lives in the desert or crossing" the river.
There was no immediate comment from the White House.
'It's a horrifying image'
U.S. "metering" policy has dramatically reduced the number of migrants allowed to request asylum, down from dozens per day previously to sometimes just a handful at some ports of entry.
The Tamaulipas government official said the family arrived in Matamoros early Sunday and went to the U.S. Consulate to try to get a date to request asylum. The mother is 21 years old and the father was 25, he added.
But waits are long there as elsewhere along the border. Last week, a shelter director said only about 40 to 45 asylum interviews were being conducted in Matamoros each week, while somewhere in the neighbourhood of 800-1,700 names were on a waiting list.
It's not clear what happened to the family at the U.S. Consulate, but later in the day, they made the decision to cross. The Tamaulipas official said the father and daughter set off from a small park that abuts the river. Civil defence officials arrived at the scene at 7 p.m. local time Sunday and later took the wife to the shelter.
"I was drawn to the girl's arm on her father," Le Duc said as she described arriving at the scene. "It was something that moved me in the extreme because it reflects that until her last breath, she was joined to him not only by the shirt but also in that embrace in which they passed together into death."
"It's a horrifying image," Maureen Meyer, a specialist on immigration at the Washington Office on Latin America, which advocates for human rights in the region, said of the photograph. "And I think it speaks so clearly to the real risks of these U.S. programs that are either returning people back to Mexico seeking asylum or in this case limiting how many people can enter the U.S. every day."
The United States has also been expanding its program under which asylum seekers wait in Mexico while their claims are processed in U.S. courts, a wait that could last many months or even years.
This week, Nuevo Laredo in Tamaulipas, the same state where Matamoros is located, said it will become the latest city to receive returnees as soon as Friday.
Migrant shelters are overflowing on the Mexican side, and cartels hold sway over much of Tamaulipas, and have been known to kidnap and kill migrants.
Meanwhile, Mexico is stepping up its own crackdown on immigration in response to U.S. pressure, with much of the focus on slowing the flow in the country's south.
"With greater crackdowns and restrictions," said Cris Ramon, senior immigration policy analyst at the Bipartisan Policy Center think tank in Washington, "we could see more desperate measures by people trying to enter Mexico or the U.S."