Donald Trump threatens to 'terminate' thawed U.S. relations with Cuba
Harder line from Trump would likely face opposition from Republicans and corporate leaders
U.S. president-elect Donald Trump's threat Monday to "terminate" the U.S. détente with Cuba could trigger opposition from some Republican lawmakers and corporate leaders who favour continued engagement with Havana.
Since 2014, when President Barack Obama began to normalize relations with the island nation, the United States has taken numerous steps to increase commercial travel, commerce and the flow of information to Cuba. On Monday, the first regularly scheduled commercial flight in more than 50 years from the U.S. to Havana landed while passengers aboard the American Airlines jet cheered.
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Following Fidel Castro's death Friday at age 90, top aides to Trump signalled that the Cuban government must move toward enacting greater freedoms for its people and giving Americans more in return if it wants to keep the warmer U.S. ties that Obama initiated. Castro's younger brother, 85-year-old Raul Castro, took control in 2006, and later negotiated with Obama to restore diplomatic relations.
Trump's aides said nothing on Cuba has been decided. But Trump tweeted Monday, "If Cuba is unwilling to make a better deal for the Cuban people, the Cuban/American people and the U.S. as a whole, I will terminate deal."
If Cuba is unwilling to make a better deal for the Cuban people, the Cuban/American people and the U.S. as a whole, I will terminate deal.—@realDonaldTrump
Senator Jeff Flake, a frequent critic of Trump during the presidential campaign, cautioned in a statement against returning to a "get tough" policy that isolates Havana and restricts travel and business activities. Such an approach, Flake wrote over the weekend, will hurt the Cuban people and make the U.S. government "a convenient scapegoat for failed socialist policies."
Flake, who accompanied Obama during a visit to Cuba in March, said "allowing more frequent and consequential ties between Cubans and Americans is more likely to accelerate the desired change in Cuba."
White House spokesman Josh Earnest suggested pressure from U.S. corporate interests and supporters of the détente would keep Trump from dramatically changing course.
'Significant economic blow'
Earnest cited the new daily commercial flights, new licences for U.S. hotel operators and agricultural investment as examples of the sort of corporate investment that could not be undone without dealing an economic blow to both U.S. businesses and Cubans.
"It's just not as simple as one tweet might make it seem," Earnest said. "To cancel all of that would deal a significant economic blow to those Cuban citizens."
Several airlines began routes to other Cuban cities earlier this year. Monday morning's American Airlines flight was the first of the new Havana-bound service and the first of four daily flights the airline plans out of Miami International.
The travel industry is eager to capitalize on the recent détente with Cuba, which is 145 kilometres from Key West, Fla., and has the potential to be a top Caribbean destination. Several other airlines are planning to launch flights to Havana over the next month.
Senator John Boozman of Arkansas has pushed for expanded trade with Cuba and in June backed an amendment to a government spending bill that would lift the ban on private banks and companies offering credit for the export of agricultural commodities to Cuba.
"We've had good intentions behind our isolation policy toward Cuba, but the results have not changed," Boozman said. "It's time to try a new approach." A spokesman for Boozman said his attitude toward Cuba hasn't changed and he still supports a path toward normalizing relations.
Another Republican from an agricultural state, Senator Jerry Moran of Kansas, has argued for easing U.S. restrictions that prohibit American farmers and ranchers from selling their products to Cuba. Moran said last year that Cuba imports the bulk of its food and is a natural market for U.S. agriculture, "especially the hard red winter wheat grown in Kansas."
Moran's office did not respond to a request for comment on Trump's tweet.
But Trump's hard-line stance on Cuba strikes a chord with other Republican lawmakers, including Senator Marco Rubio, whose parents were born in Cuba. And while Obama opened portions of U.S. investment and travel to Cuba through executive order, Republican leaders in Congress have staunchly opposed his calls to end the 55-year-old U.S. trade embargo of the island.
Rubio told CNN's State of the Union on Sunday that the U.S. focus must be its own security and other national interests and encouraging Cuba to move toward democracy.
"We should examine our policy toward Cuba through those lenses," Rubio said. "And if there's a policy that helps that, it remains in place. And if it's a policy that doesn't, it's removed."