Trump claims 'absolute right' to pardon himself
Remark comes a day after president's top lawyer called self-pardon 'unthinkable'
U.S. President Donald Trump declared Monday that he has the "absolute right" to pardon himself, but added he had done nothing wrong, asserting his presidential power as the White House sharpens its political and legal defences against the special counsel's Russia probe.
Trump's comments on Twitter came a day after attorney Rudy Giuliani played down the possibility that the president could pardon himself, suggesting he might have that authority but would be unwise to use it.
"Pardoning himself would be unthinkable and probably lead to immediate impeachment," Giuliani, a member of Trump's legal team, told NBC's Meet the Press on Sunday. "And he has no need to do it, he's done nothing wrong."
In Monday's tweet, the president said:
As has been stated by numerous legal scholars, I have the absolute right to PARDON myself, but why would I do that when I have done nothing wrong? In the meantime, the never ending Witch Hunt, led by 13 very Angry and Conflicted Democrats (& others) continues into the mid-terms!—@realDonaldTrump
Trump's legal team is making clear that it will combat any effort to force the president to testify in front of a grand jury. Giuliani on Sunday underscored one of the main arguments in a newly unveiled letter sent by Trump's lawyers to Mueller back in January — that a president can't be given a grand jury subpoena as part of the investigation into foreign meddling in the 2016 election.
But Giuliani, in a series of television interviews, broke with one of their bolder arguments in the letter that a president could not have committed obstruction of justice because he has ultimate authority over any federal investigation.
Yet the former New York City mayor, who was not on the legal team when the Jan. 29 letter was written, added that Trump "probably does" have the power to pardon himself, an assertion challenged by legal scholars. He says the president's legal team hasn't discussed that option, which many observers believe could plunge the nation into a constitutional crisis.
We don't live in a monarchy and you are not a king.— Democratic Rep. Ted Deutch
"I think the political ramifications would be tough," Giuliani told ABC's This Week. "Pardoning other people is one thing, pardoning yourself is tough."
Trump has issued two unrelated pardons in recent days and discussed others, a move that has been interpreted as a possible signal to allies ensnared in the Russia probe.
White House spokesperson Sarah Huckabee Sanders partly echoed Trump and Giuliani on Monday when she told reporters the president wouldn't need a pardon because he "hasn't done anything wrong."
"Certainly no one is above the law," Sanders said.
But she also defended Trump's assertion that the special counsel investigation is unconstitutional, even though it is overseen by his administration's Justice Department.
No man is a judge in his own case.— Andrew Wright, Savannah Law School
Mueller has requested an interview with the president to determine whether he had criminal intent to obstruct the investigation into his associates' possible links to Russia's election interference.
Giuliani said Sunday that a decision about an interview would not be made until after Trump's summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un on June 12 in Singapore, and he cast doubt that it would occur at all.
In addition to the legal battles, Trump's team and allies have waged a public relations campaign against Mueller and the Justice Department to discredit the investigation and soften the impact of the special counsel's potential findings.
Giuliani said last week that the special counsel probe may be an "entirely illegitimate investigation" and need to be curtailed because, in his estimation, it was based on inappropriately obtained information from an informant and Comey's memos.
In reality, the FBI began a counterintelligence investigation in July 2016 to determine if Trump campaign associates were co-ordinating with Russia to tip the election. The investigation was opened after the hacking of Democratic emails that intelligence officials later formally attributed to Russia.
Trump's team has requested a briefing about the informant, but Giuliani said Sunday that the president would not order the Justice Department to comply because it would negatively affect public opinion. But he continued to cast doubt on the special counsel's eventual findings, suggesting that Trump has already offered explanations for the matters being investigated and that the special counsel was biased against the president.
"For every one of these things he did, we can write out five reasons why he did it," Giuliani said. "If four of them are completely innocent and one of them is your assumption that it's a guilty motive, which [Trump] would deny, you can't possibly prosecute him."
Trump's legal team has long pushed the special counsel to narrow the scope of its interview. Giuliani also suggested that Trump's lawyers had been incorrect when they denied that the president was involved with the letter that offered an explanation for Donald Trump Jr.'s 2016 Trump Tower meeting with Russians who offered damaging information on Democrat Hillary Clinton.
"This is the reason you don't let the president testify," Giuliani told ABC. "Our recollection keeps changing, or we're not even asked a question and somebody makes an assumption."
If Trump does not consent to an interview, Mueller will have to decide whether to go forward with a historic grand jury subpoena. His team raised the possibility in March of subpoenaing the president, but it is not clear if it is still under active consideration.
A court battle is likely if Trump's team argues that the president can't be forced to answer questions or be charged with obstruction of justice.
President Bill Clinton was charged with obstruction in 1998 by the House of Representatives as part of his impeachment trial. And one of the articles of impeachment prepared against president Richard Nixon in 1974 was for obstruction.
The U.S. Constitution is silent on the issue of whether the president's broad power to grant pardons extends to himself, and some lawyers say that supports Trump's position.
"If there are any limits on the power, it's got to be in the constitution," said Samuel Morison, a former lawyer with Justice Department office that handles pardons. "It's nowhere in the constitution."
But many legal experts disagree. Andrew Wright, a former associate counsel in the Obama White House, said allowing the president to pardon himself would be contrary to fundamental principles of the American legal system.
"One of the basic rules is that no man is a judge in his own case," said Wright, a professor at Savannah Law School.
Trump's tweet on Monday triggered swift political criticism.
"You can't pardon yourself," Democratic Rep. Ted Deutch said on Twitter. "Let me remind you of something, we don't live in a monarchy and you are not a king."
With files from Reuters