China accuses U.S. of 'prejudice' as sanctions threatened for Muslim detentions in Xinjiang

China is urging the United States to abandon its "prejudice" over Xinjiang, as the Trump administration considers sanctions against Chinese officials and companies linked to allegations of human rights abuses in the Chinese region.

UN critical of human rights situation, citing reports of up to a million detained Uighurs

Local villager Yonghong stands in a log cabin in the village of Khom in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, on Jan. 27, 2018. The U.S. is threatening to slap new sanctions on China over alleged human rights abuses relating to the Asian country's Muslim population. (Jason Lee/Reuters)

China urged the United States on Wednesday to abandon its "prejudice" over Xinjiang, as the Trump administration considers sanctions against Chinese officials and companies linked to allegations of human rights abuses in the Chinese region.

Discussions have gained momentum within the U.S. government over possible economic penalties in response to reports of mass detentions of ethnic Uighurs and other Muslims in the far western region, which have prompted a growing international outcry.

Any sanctions decision would be a rare move on human rights grounds by U.S. President Donald Trump against China, with which he has engaged in a trade war while also seeking Beijing's help to resolve a standoff over North Korea's nuclear weapons.

The U.S. State Department said it had received a letter from a bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers at the end of August asking Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to impose sanctions on a number of Chinese officials accused of overseeing the policies in Xinjiang.

Those included Chen Quanguo, Communist Party chief in Xinjiang and also a member of the politburo, one of the party's top decision-making bodies.

"China consistently resolutely opposes the United States using Xinjiang-related issues to interfere in China's internal affairs," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said at a daily news briefing.

"If the media report is correct, we urge the relevant side to respect the facts, abandon prejudice and stop doing and saying things that harm Sino-U.S. mutual trust and co-operation," Geng said, referring to news reports on the U.S. deliberations.

Satellite images

Geng said that all people in China "fully enjoy freedom of religion in accordance with the law."

A law student at the University of British Columbia named Shawn Zhang has been posting satellite photos online that he says show a network of re-education camps across Xinjiang, along with information about their location. The photos also appear to depict features at the facilities such as watch towers and warehouse-size buildings surrounded by wire fences.

Beijing has said Xinjiang faces a serious threat from Islamist militants and separatists who plot attacks and stir up tension between the Uighur minority who call the region home and members of the ethnic Han Chinese majority.

Chen made his mark swiftly after taking the top post in Xinjiang in 2016, with mass rallies conducted in the region's largest cities involving tens of thousands of paramilitary troops and police.

Helicopters and tanks perform during the opening ceremony of the International Army Games 2018 in Korla, Xinjiang, on July 29. (Zhang Zhitao/Southern Metropolis Daily via Reuters)

One of his most visible initiatives has been to build thousands of grid-style police checkpoints across Xinjiang, and human rights advocates have decried martial law conditions and mass DNA collection.

Last month, a UN rights panel said it had received credible reports that up to one million ethnic Uighurs may be held in extra-legal detention camps in Xinjiang and called for them to be freed.

U.S. sanctions could be imposed under the Global Magnitsky Act, a federal law that allows the U.S. government to target human rights violators around the world with freezes on any U.S. assets, U.S. travel bans and prohibitions on Americans doing business with them.

Ethnic Uighur men walk down the street in a local market in the old town of Kashgar, in the far western Xinjiang province, on July 1, 2017. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

Widely read Chinese state-run tabloid the Global Times wrote in a Wednesday editorial that foreign forces were trying to "prise apart" China using religion as an excuse.

"It's fortunate that China is so strong that those forces foolishly clamouring can only add a bit of pressure from public opinion, but their dream of long-arm jurisdiction is in the end a mirage," the paper said.

With files from CBC News